Mica 1

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1 Dies ist das Wort des HERRN, welches geschah zu Micha von Maresa zur Zeit Jothams, Ahas, Jehiskias, der Könige Judas, das er gesehen hat über Samaria, und Jerusalem.

2 Höret, alle Völker, merke auf, Land, und alles, was drinnen ist! Denn Gott der HERR hat mit euch zu reden, ja, der HERR aus seinem heiligen Tempel!

3 Denn siehe, der HERR wird ausgehen aus seinem Ort und herabfahren und treten auf die Höhen im Lande,

4 daß die Berge unter ihm schmelzen und die Täler reißen werden, gleichwie Wachs vor dem Feuer verschmilzet, wie die Wasser, so unterwärts fließen.

5 Das alles um der Übertretung willen Jakobs und um der Sünde willen des Hauses Israel. Welches ist aber die Übertretung Jakobs? Ist's nicht Samaria? Welches sind aber die Höhen Judas? Ist's nicht Jerusalem?

6 Und ich will Samaria zum Steinhaufen im Felde machen, die man um die Weinberge legt; und will ihre Steine ins Tal schleifen und zugrunde einbrechen.

7 Alle ihre Götzen sollen zerbrochen und all ihr Hurenlohn soll mit Feuer verbrannt werden, und will alle ihre Bilder verwüsten; denn sie sind von Hurenlohn versammelt und sollen auch wieder Hurenlohn werden.

8 Darüber muß ich klagen und heulen; ich muß beraubt und bloß dahergehen; ich muß klagen wie die Drachen und trauern wie die Straußen.

9 Denn ihrer Plage ist kein Rat, die bis nach Juda kommen und bis an meines Volks Tore gen Jerusalem hinanreichen wird.

10 Verkündiget es ja nicht zu Gath, laßt euch nicht hören weinen, sondern gehet in die Trauerkammer und sitzet in die Asche!

11 Du schöne Stadt mußt dahin mit allen Schanden. Die Einwohnerin Zaenans wird nicht ausziehen um des Leides willen des nächsten Hauses. Er wird's von euch nehmen, wenn er da sich lagern wird.

12 Die betrübte Stadt vermag sich nicht zu trösten; denn es wird das Unglück vom HERRN kommen, auch bis an das Tor Jerusalems.

13 Du Stadt Lachis, spanne Läufer an und fahre davon; denn du bist der Tochter Zion der Anfang zur Sünde, und in dir sind funden die Übertretungen Israels.

14 Du wirst müssen Gefangene geben so wohl als Gath. Der Stadt Achsib wird's mit den Königen Israels fehlen.

15 Ich will dir Maresa, den rechten Erben bringen; und die HERRLIchkeit Israels soll kommen bis gen Adullam.

16 Laß die Haare abscheren und gehe kahl über deine zarten Kinder! Mache dich gar kahl wie ein Adler; denn sie sind von dir gefangen weggeführet.


Exploring the Meaning of Mica 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 1      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

The prophet Micah lived in the days of Hezekiah, the King of Judah, and the kings that preceded him. In 722 BC, in the fourth year of Hezekiah's reign, Shalmaneser, the King of Assyria, conquered the kingdom of Israel. This was the northern kingdom that had begun with Jeroboam, after Solomon's death, based around Samaria. The Assyrians led away its people, as described in 2 Kings 18:9.

Perhaps the Assyrian victory and the dispersal of the 10 lost tribes are related to Micah's prophecy, but - as in the other books of prophecy - at heart Micah is predicting broader spiritual events, especially the Lord's advent.

In Micah 1:1, 2, Micah starts out by proclaiming that the Lord is coming down as a witness against the people of the earth. Here the earth, internally, means the church - the Lord’s church which forms a connection between God and man. 1

Micah 1:3 says that Jehovah Himself will come down and restructure the church (meant by the earth) and will form a new heaven for that church. 2

In Micah 1:4-7 shows us an internal picture of the judgment on the Israelitish and Jewish churches. Mountains, valleys, fire, and water are all mentioned; all are representations of spiritual realities. When people of the church remember what those realities are, they will come to mind when they worship on a mountain, or treat the fire on the altar as holy. But when the spiritual meanings are forgotten, the representative things are done away with. This was true of both Samaria and Judah (Micah 1:5). 3

Verses 6 and 7 show the wickedness of Samaria, and what will happen to the idols there. 4 From its inception, the northern kingdom of Israel never had a good king. It had, as idols, the two golden calves that Jeroboam set up. All this will be destroyed.

Micah 1:8, 9 tell of the mourning of the people who love what is good, as far as Judah and even Jerusalem, which represents heaven.

However, in Micah 1:10-11, there's a mourning over the punishment as witnessed in some cities, which mean those doctrines that are used to try to justify the idolatry. But the anger is misdirected: people are angry with Jehovah, and not with the sins of idolatry that cause the punishment.

Micah 1:12 describes the mourning about the devastation of the church, which extends through all the heavens, even up to the highest.

In Micah 1:13-15, he's saying that the sins that were widespread in Israel, or Samaria, have also spread to the kingdom of Judah. To come to Adullam means to turn oneself towards evil.

Finally, in Micah 1:16, baldness means a lack of truths. Delightful sons are truths from God. Making yourself bald by shearing off your hair means you are spiritually denying the truths from God, i.e. that you are exiling yourself from your delightful sons. Consequently, everyone suffers deprivation. 5

To apply this to our lives... here's what it looks like:
1. We should turn away from evil and actively seek spiritual truths.
2. We shouldn't set up false gods in our lives, e.g things that we "worship" that really aren't useful.
3. We should try to look for the Lord in the Word, and to connect with Him.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See the description in Arcana Coelestia 10373.

2. See Arcana Coelestia 1311

3. For reference, see Apocalypse Explained 405[42] and Arcana Coelestia 9156[2].

4. See Apocalypse Explained 587[15].

5. See Arcana Coelestia 9960[6].

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 215


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1311, 2327, 2606, 2851, 2921, 3901, 4816, ...

Enthüllte Offenbarung 47, 459, 537, 543, 612

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 35

Lebenslehre 79


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 141, 405, 587, 695, 714, 724, 850, ...

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 25

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 57

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wort
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zeit
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Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

judas
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gesehen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

herr
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Tempel
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Ort
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Berge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

unter
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

schmelzen
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

Täler
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Vor
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feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

wasser
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Übertretung
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jakobs
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Sünde
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

weinberge
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Steine
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bilder
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

heulen
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Tore
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

Tor
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jerusalems
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tochter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

Anfang
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Übertretungen
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

geben
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bringen
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kahl
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

Kinder
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Adler
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.


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