Richter 5

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1 Da sang Debora und Barak, der Sohn Abinoams, zu der Zeit und sprachen:

2 Lobet den HERRN, daß Israel wieder frei geworden ist und das Volk willig dazu gewesen ist.

3 Höret zu, ihr Könige, und merket auf, ihr Fürsten! Ich will, dem HERRN will ich singen; dem HERRN, dem Gott Israels, will ich spielen.

4 HERR, da du von Seir auszogst und einhergingst vom Felde Edoms, da erzitterte die Erde, der Himmel troff, und die Wolken troffen von Wasser.

5 Die Berge ergossen sich vor dem HERRN, der Sinai vor dem HERRN, dem Gott Israels.

6 Zu den Zeiten Samgars, des Sohnes Anaths, zu den Zeiten Jaels waren verlassen die Wege; und die da auf Straßen gehen sollten, die wandelten durch krumme Wege.

7 Es gebrach, an Regiment gebrach's in Israel, bis daß ich, Debora, aufkam, bis ich aufkam, eine Mutter in Israel.

8 Ein Neues hat Gott erwählt, er hat die Tore bestritten. Es war kein Schild noch Speer unter vierzigtausend in Israel zu sehen.

9 Mein Herz ist mit den Gebietern Israels, mit denen, die willig waren unter dem Volk. Lobet den HERRN!

10 Die ihr auf schönen Eselinnen reitet, die ihr auf Teppichen sitzet, und die ihr auf dem Wege gehet: singet!

11 Da die Schützen schreien zwischen den Schöpf-Rinnen, da sage man von der Gerechtigkeit des HERRN, von der Gerechtigkeit seines Regiments in Israel. Da zog des HERRN Volk herab zu den Toren.

12 Wohlauf, wohlauf, Debora! Wohlauf, wohlauf, und singe ein Lied! Mache dich auf, Barak, und fange deine Fänger, du Sohn Abinoams!

13 Da zog herab, was übrig war von Herrlichen im Volk; der HERR zog mit mir herab unter den Helden.

14 Aus Ephraim die, so ihre Wurzel haben in Amalek, und nach dir Benjamin in deinem Volk; von Machir zogen Gebieter herab und von Sebulon, die den Führerstab hielten.

15 Und Fürsten zu Isaschar waren mit Debora. Und Isaschar war wie Barak, in den Grund gesandt ihm nach. Ruben hielt hoch von sich und sonderte sich von uns.

16 Warum bleibst du zwischen den Hürden, zu hören das Blöken der Herden, und hältst groß von dir und sonderst dich von uns?

17 Gilead blieb jenseit des Jordans. Und warum wohnt Dan unter den Schiffen? Asser saß an der Anfurt des Meers und blieb an seinen zerrissenen Ufern.

18 Sebulons Volk aber wagte seinen Seele in den Tod, Naphthali auch auf der Höhe des Gefildes.

19 Die Könige kamen und stritten; da stritten die Könige der Kanaaniter zu Thaanach am Wasser Megiddos; aber sie brachten keinen Gewinn davon.

20 Vom Himmel ward wider sie gestritten; die Sterne in ihren Bahnen stritten wider Sisera.

21 Der Bach Kison wälzte sie, der Bach Kedumin, der Bach Kison. Tritt, meine Seele, auf die Starken!

22 Da rasselten der Pferde Füße von dem Jagen ihrer mächtigen Reiter.

23 Fluchet der Stadt Meros, sprach der Engel des HERRN; fluchet ihren Bürgern, daß sie nicht kamen dem HERRN zu Hilfe, zu Hilfe dem HERRN unter den Helden!

24 Gesegnet sei unter den Weibern Jael, das Weib Hebers, des Keniters; Gesegnet sei sie in der Hütte unter den Weibern!

25 Milch gab sie, da er Wasser forderte, und Butter brachte sie dar in einer herrlichen Schale.

26 Sie griff mit ihrer Hand den Nagel und mit ihrer Rechten den Schmiedhammer und schlug Sisera durch sein Haupt und zerquetschte und durchbohrte seine Schläfe.

27 Zu ihren Füßen krümmte er sich, fiel nieder und legte sich; er krümmte sich, fiel nieder zu ihren Füßen; wie er sich krümmte, so lag er verderbt.

28 Die Mutter Siseras sah zum Fenster hinaus und heulte durchs Gitter: Warum verzieht sein Wagen, daß er nicht kommt? Wie bleiben die Räder seiner Wagen so dahinten?

29 Die weisesten unter ihren Frauen antworteten, da sie ihre Klageworte immer wiederholte:

30 Sollen sie denn nicht finden und austeilen den Raub, einem jeglichen Mann eine Dirne oder zwei zur Ausbeute und Sisera bunte gestickte Kleider zur Ausbeute, gestickte bunte Kleider um dem Hals zur Ausbeute?

31 Also müssen umkommen, HERR, alle deine Feinde! Die ihn aber liebhaben, müssen sein, wie die Sonne aufgeht in ihrer Macht! -Und das Land war still vierzig Jahre.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Významy biblických slov

zeit
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Singen
Every affection of the heart has a tendency to produce singing, and so it will produce anything relating to singing. The affection of the heart...

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Berge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Sinai
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

Straßen
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

gehen
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

Tore
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

schild
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

sehen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Wege
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

gerechtigkeit
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Lied
'The sound of musical instruments' corresponds to affections of spiritual and celestial love.

Sohn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Wurzel
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

isaschar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

hören
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

groß
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

jordans
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

wohnt
'Inhabit' refers to good.

saß
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

naphthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

himmel
"Luft" steht in der Bibel für das Denken, aber in einer sehr allgemeinen Weise - eher für unsere Fähigkeit, Ideen wahrzunehmen und die Art und...

sterne
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Bach
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

Seele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

pferde
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

gesegnet
Der Herr ist vollkommene Liebe, ausgedrückt als vollkommene Weisheit. Er hat uns geschaffen, damit Er uns lieben kann, damit Er uns Liebe und Weisheit schenken...

hütte
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

milch
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

wasser
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Butter
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Nagel
A nail,' as in Zechariah 10:4, signifies truth supporting.

schlug
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

mutter
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Siseras
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

Fenster
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

antworteten
Zu "antworten" deutet im Allgemeinen auf einen Zustand geistiger Empfänglichkeit hin. Letztlich bedeutet dies, für den Herrn empfänglich zu sein, der ständig versucht, wahre Ideen...

finden
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

Kleider
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

Hals
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

feinde
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

sonne
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

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