Richter 4

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Lutherbibel (1545)         

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1 Aber die Kinder Israel taten fürder übel vor dem HERRN, da Ehud gestorben war.

2 Und der HERR verkaufte sie in die Hand Jabins, des Königs der Kanaaniter, der zu Hazor saß; und sein Feldhauptmann war Sisera, und er wohnte zu Haroseth der Heiden.

3 Und die Kinder Israel schrieen zum HERRN; denn er hatte neunhundert eiserne Wagen und zwang die Kinder Israel mit Gewalt zwanzig Jahre.

4 Zu der Zeit war Richterin in Israel die Prophetin Debora, das Weib Lapidoths.

5 Und sie wohnte unter der Palme Deboras zwischen Rama und Beth-El auf dem Gebirge Ephraim. Und die Kinder Israel kamen zu ihr hinauf vor Gericht.

6 Diese sandte hin und ließ rufen Barak, den Sohn Abinoams von Kedes-Naphthali, und ließ ihm sagen: Hat dir nicht der HERR, der Gott Israels, geboten: Gehe hin und zieh auf den Berg Thabor und nimm zehntausend Mann mit dir von den Kindern Naphthali und Sebulon?

7 Denn ich will Sisera, den Feldhauptmann Jabins, zu dir ziehen an das Wasser Kison mit seinen Wagen und mit seiner Menge und will ihn in deine Hände geben.

8 Barak sprach zu ihr: Wenn du mit mir ziehst, so will ich ziehen; ziehst du aber nicht mit mir, so will ich nicht ziehen.

9 Sie sprach: Ich will mit dir ziehen, aber der Preis wird nicht dein sein auf dieser Reise, die du tust, sondern der HERR wird Sisera in eines Weibes Hand übergeben. Also machte sich Debora auf und zog mit Barak gen Kedes.

10 Da rief Barak Sebulon und Naphthali gen Kedes, und es zogen hinauf ihm nach zehntausend Mann. Debora zog auch mit ihm.

11 (Heber aber, der Keniter, war von den Kenitern, von den Kindern Hobabs, Mose's Schwagers, weggezogen und hatte seine Hütte aufgeschlagen bei den Eichen zu Zaanannim neben Kedes.)

12 Da ward Sisera angesagt, daß Barak, der Sohn Abinoams, auf den Berg Thabor gezogen wäre.

13 Und er rief alle seine Wagen zusammen, neunhundert eiserne Wagen, und alles Volk, das mit ihm war, von Haroseth der Heiden an das Wasser Kison.

14 Debora aber sprach zu Barak: Auf! das ist der Tag, da dir der HERR den Sisera hat in deine Hand gegeben; denn der HERR wird vor dir her ausziehen. Also zog Barak von dem Berge Thabor herab und die zehntausend Mann ihm nach.

15 Aber der HERR erschreckte den Sisera samt allen seinen Wagen und ganzem Heer vor der Schärfe des Schwertes Baraks, daß Sisera von seinem Wagen sprang und floh zu Fuß.

16 Barak aber jagte nach den Wagen und dem Heer bis gen Haroseth der Heiden. Und alles Heer Siseras fiel vor der Schärfe des Schwerts, daß nicht einer übrigblieb.

17 Sisera aber floh zu Fuß in die Hütte Jaels, des Weibes Hebers, des Keniters. Denn der König Jabin zu Hazor und das Haus Hebers, des Keniters, standen miteinander im Frieden.

18 Jael aber ging heraus, Sisera entgegen, und sprach zu ihm: Weiche, mein Herr, weiche zu mir und fürchte dich nicht! Und er wich zu ihr in die Hütte, und sie deckte ihn zu mit einer Decke.

19 Er aber sprach zu ihr: Gib mir doch ein wenig Wasser zu trinken, denn mich dürstet. Da tat sie auf einen Milchtopf und gab ihm zu trinken und deckte ihn zu.

20 Und er sprach zu ihr: Tritt in der Hütte Tür, und wenn jemand kommt und fragt, ob jemand hier sei, so sprich: Niemand.

21 Da nahm Jael, das Weib Hebers, einen Nagel von der Hütte und einen Hammer in ihre Hand und ging leise zu ihm hinein und schlug ihm den Nagel durch seine Schläfe, daß er in die Erde drang. Er aber war entschlummert, ward ohnmächtig und starb.

22 Da aber Barak Sisera nachjagte, ging Jael heraus, ihm entgegen, und sprach zu ihm: Gehe her! ich will dir den Mann zeigen, den du suchst. Und da er zu ihr hineinkam, lag Sisera tot, und der Nagel steckte in seiner Schläfe.

23 Also dämpfte Gott zu der Zeit Jabin, der Kanaaniter König, vor den Kindern Israel.

24 Und die Hand der Kinder Israel ward immer stärker wider Jabin, der Kanaaniter König, bis sie ihn ausrotteten.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

zwanzig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

wohnte
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

beth-el
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

sagen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

naphthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Sohn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Berge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

zehntausend
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

heiden
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

Siseras
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

einer
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

floh
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

Fuß
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

herr
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

wasser
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

tür
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

hütte
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

schlug
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

zeigen
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

tot
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Nagel
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

zeit
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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