Richter 16

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Lutherbibel (1545)         

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1 Simson ging hin gen Gaza und sah daselbst eine Hure und kam zu ihr.

2 Da ward den Gazitern gesagt: Simson ist hereingekommen. Und sie umgaben ihn und ließen auf ihn lauern die ganze Nacht in der Stadt Tor und waren die ganze Nacht still und sprachen: Harre; morgen, wenn's licht wird, wollen wir ihn erwürgen.

3 Simson aber lag bis Mitternacht. Da stand er auf zu Mitternacht und ergriff beide Türen an der Stadt Tor samt den Pfosten und hob sie aus mit den Riegeln und legte sie auf seine Schultern und trug sie hinauf auf die Höhe des Berges vor Hebron.

4 Darnach gewann er ein Weib lieb am Bach Sorek, die hieß Delila.

5 Zu der kamen der Philister Fürsten hinauf und sprachen zu ihr: Überrede ihn und siehe, worin er solche große Kraft hat und womit wir ihn übermögen, daß wir ihn binden und zwingen, so wollen wir dir geben ein jeglicher tausendundhundert Silberlinge.

6 Und Delila sprach zu Simson: Sage mir doch, worin deine große Kraft sei und womit man dich binden möge, daß man dich zwinge?

7 Simson sprach zu ihr: Wenn man mich bände mit sieben Seilen von frischem Bast, die noch nicht verdorrt sind, so würde ich schwach und wäre wie ein anderer Mensch.

8 Da brachten der Philister Fürsten zu ihr hinauf sieben Seile von frischem Bast, die noch nicht verdorrt waren; und sie band ihn damit.

9 (Man lauerte ihm aber auf bei ihr in der Kammer.) Und sie sprach zu ihm: Die Philister über dir, Simson! Er aber zerriß die Seile, wie eine flächsene Schnur zerreißt, wenn sie ans Feuer riecht; und es ward nicht kund, wo seine Kraft wäre.

10 Da sprach Delila zu Simson: Siehe, du hast mich getäuscht und mir gelogen; nun, so sage mir doch, womit kann man dich binden?

11 Er antwortete ihr: Wenn sie mich bänden mit neuen Stricken, damit nie eine Arbeit geschehen ist, so würde ich schwach und wie ein anderer Mensch.

12 Da nahm Delila neue Stricke und band ihn damit und sprach: Philister über dir, Simson! (Man lauerte ihm aber auf in der Kammer.) Und er zerriß sie von seinen Armen herab wie einen Faden.

13 Delila aber sprach zu ihm: Bisher hast du mich getäuscht und mir gelogen. Sage mir doch, womit kann man dich binden? Er antwortete ihr: Wenn du mir die sieben Locken meines Hauptes zusammenflöchtest mit einem Gewebe und heftetest sie mit dem Nagel ein.

14 Und sie sprach zu ihm: Philister über dir, Simson! Er aber wachte auf von seinem Schlaf und zog die geflochtenen Locken mit Nagel und Gewebe heraus.

15 Da sprach sie zu ihm: Wie kannst du sagen, du habest mich lieb, so dein Herz doch nicht mit mir ist? Dreimal hast du mich getäuscht und mir nicht gesagt, worin deine große Kraft sei.

16 Da sie ihn aber drängte mit ihren Worten alle Tage und ihn zerplagte, ward seine Seele matt bis an den Tod,

17 und er sagte ihr sein ganzes Herz und sprach zu ihr: Es ist nie ein Schermesser auf mein Haupt gekommen; denn ich bin ein Geweihter Gottes von Mutterleibe an. Wenn man mich schöre, so wiche meine Kraft von mir, daß ich schwach würde und wie alle anderen Menschen.

18 Da nun Delila sah, daß er ihr all sein Herz offenbart hatte, sandte sie hin und ließ der Philister Fürsten rufen und sagen: Kommt noch einmal herauf; denn er hat mir all sein Herz offenbart. Da kamen der Philister Fürsten zu ihr herauf und brachten das Geld mit sich in ihrer Hand.

19 Und sie ließ ihn entschlafen auf ihrem Schoß und rief einem, der ihm die sieben Locken seines Hauptes abschöre. Und sie fing an ihn zu zwingen; da war seine Kraft von ihm gewichen.

20 Und sie sprach zu ihm: Philister über dir, Simson! Da er nun aus seinem Schlaf erwachte, gedachte er: Ich will ausgehen, wie ich mehrmals getan habe, ich will mich losreißen; und wußte nicht, daß der HERR von ihm gewichen war.

21 Aber die Philister griffen ihn und stachen ihm die Augen aus und führten ihn hinab gen Gaza und banden ihn mit zwei ehernen Ketten, und er mußte mahlen im Gefängnis.

22 Aber das Haar seines Hauptes fing an, wieder zu wachsen, wo es geschoren war.

23 Da aber der Philister Fürsten sich versammelten, ihrem Gott Dagon ein großes Opfer zu tun und sich zu freuen, sprachen sie: Unser Gott hat uns unsern Feind Simson in unsre Hände gegeben.

24 Desgleichen, als ihn das Volk sah, lobten sie ihren Gott; denn sie sprachen: Unser Gott hat uns unsern Feind in unsre Hände gegeben, der unser Land verderbte und unsrer viele erschlug.

25 Da nun ihr Herz guter Dinge war, sprachen sie: Laßt Simson holen, daß er vor uns spiele. Da holten sie Simson aus dem Gefängnis, und er spielte vor ihnen, und sie stellten ihn zwischen die Säulen.

26 Simson aber sprach zu dem Knabe, der ihn bei der Hand leitete: Laß mich, das ich die Säulen taste, auf welchen das Haus steht, daß ich mich dranlehne.

27 Da Haus aber war voll Männer und Weiber. Es waren der Philister Fürsten alle da und auf dem Dach bei dreitausend, Mann und Weib, die zusahen, wie Simson spielte.

28 Simson aber rief den HERRN an und sprach: HERR HERR, gedenke mein und stärke mich doch, Gott, diesmal, daß ich für meine beiden Augen mich einmal räche an den Philistern!

29 Und er faßte die zwei Mittelsäulen, auf welche das Haus gesetzt war und darauf es sich hielt, eine in seine rechte und die andere in seine linke Hand,

30 und sprach: Meine Seele sterbe mit den Philistern! und neigte sich kräftig. Da fiel das Haus auf die Fürsten und auf alles Volk, das darin war, daß der Toten mehr waren, die in seinem Tod starben, denn die bei seinem Leben starben.

31 Da kamen sein Brüder hernieder und seines Vaters ganzes Haus und hoben ihn auf und trugen ihn hinauf und begruben ihn in seines Vaters Manoahs Grab, zwischen Zora und Esthaol. Er richtete aber Israel zwanzig Jahre.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 16      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 16: Samson and Delilah; Samson dies with the Philistines.

In this final chapter about Samson, he becomes involved with two women, and both episodes lead him to fight for his life.

The first woman was a prostitute from Gaza, a Philistine town. When the men of Gaza heard that Samson was visiting this woman, they lay in wait for him all night, so that they could kill him in the morning. Samson foiled their plot by sneaking out at midnight. As he was leaving, he took the gates of the city and its two posts, put them upon his shoulders, and took them to the top of a hill facing Hebron, a town in Israel.

Some time later, Samson began to love an Israelite woman called Delilah, whose name means “lustful pining”. The lords of the Philistines bribed her to find out the source of Samson’s strength, so that they could take him prisoner. After deceiving her three times and evading her almost-daily questions, Samson finally admitted that his strength lay in his hair; if it were cut, he would be like any other man.

Delilah told this to the the lords of the Philistines, and they paid her the bribe. She lulled Samson to sleep, and had a man shave off all of Samson’s hair. She called out as she had the first three times: “The Philistines are upon you, Samson!” He awoke, but he was as weak as a normal man. The Philistines took him captive, gouged out his eyes, and forced him to work as a mill grinder in prison. However, while he was in prison, his hair began to grow back.

When the Philistines gathered to make a great sacrifice in the temple of their god, Dagon, to celebrate the capture of Samson, 3000 Philistine men and women were there, plus all of their kings. Samson was brought in as a spectacle to be mocked. He could feel his strength returning, and asked the boy leading him to let him lean against the two central columns of the temple. Samson prayed to the Lord, and pushed the columns until the temple collapsed, killing everyone there. That day, Samson brought about the death of more Philistines than he had in his life. His family took his body, and buried him between Zorah (“stricken”) and Eshtaol (“supplication”) in his father’s tomb.

*****

This chapter demonstrates the temptations and potential pitfalls of faith-alone spirituality, specifically through the women that Samson was involved with. Both of these episodes - the first with the prostitute from Gaza, and the second with Delilah - highlight Samson’s brazen passions and his apparent faults and weaknesses. Samson represents our determination to overcome the draw of faith alone, which the hells employ in order to ensnare us, and then rule us. The Lord’s teachings through the Word often precipitate a struggle within us between our lusts from the hells and our spiritual intentions (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 678[2] and Apocalypse Revealed 798[2]).

Seizing the gates and gateposts stands for changing the focus of our spiritual view. Gates represent the entry and exit points to our hearts and minds, through which we receive the Lord and the Word, but also the influences of hell (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 119). The top of the hill stands for a mind raised up toward God, and ‘facing Hebron’ is representative of a new focus on the unity between us and the Word, for Hebron means ‘joined, brotherhood, unity’.

After three failed attempts, Delilah discovered that Samson’s strength lay in his hair, which had never been cut. Hair stands for the power and beauty of the Word in its literal sense, and our faithfulness in abiding by its truths (see Swedenborg’s works, Arcana Caelestia 9836[2] and Doctrine of the Lord 15[8]).

Samson’s imprisonment and abuse by the Philistines symbolize a period of spiritual turmoil, during which we are misled by the hells. Blindness corresponds to our inability to see or recognize truths; ‘grinding grain at the mill’ is like molding truths from the Word to support our own purposes - in this case, faith alone spirituality (Arcana Caelestia 10303[5] and Arcana Caelestia 10303[6]). Yet all the while, our ability to follow the Lord will gradually restrengthen, represented by Samson’s hair growing back.

In the last moments of his life, Samson brought down the temple of Dagon, killing three thousand of the Philistines at once. The two supporting columns of the Philistine temple stand for what is evil and what is false; when evil and falsity are toppled, the whole system of belief collapses. In sacrificing his life, Samson demonstrated the highest of all divine and heavenly loves (see Arcana Caelestia 2077[2]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3301, 6437


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 5247, 9836

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 49

Wahre Christliche Religion 223, 627


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 750

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Významy biblických slov

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'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

kam
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türen
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hebron
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A nail,' as in Zechariah 10:4, signifies truth supporting.

sagen
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gaza
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Mahlen
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Haar
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zu
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dagon
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sah
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herr
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gott
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Augen
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zwei
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sprach
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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Getting Strength from the Word
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Play: Samson's Death
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Bas Relief Project
Use a modeling compound to make a bas-relief illustration of Samson pulling down the pillars of the Philistine temple after asking the Lord to give him strength.  
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Carries the Doors of the City Gate
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Destroys the Temple of the Philistines
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Enslaved
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson Is Taken Prisoner
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Samson’s Death
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Strength in the Word
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Number Seven in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover stories that include the number seven in the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Three Stories About Samson
Finish illustrating and describing three stories about Samson.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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