Josua 18

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1 Und es versammelte sich die ganze Gemeine der Kinder Israel gen Silo und richteten daselbst auf die Hütte des Stifts. Und das Land war ihnen unterworfen.

2 Und waren noch sieben Stämme der Kinder Israel, denen sie ihr Erbteil nicht ausgeteilet hatten.

3 Und Josua sprach zu den Kindern Israel: Wie lange seid ihr so laß, daß ihr nicht hingehet, das Land einzunehmen, das euch der HERR, eurer Väter Gott, gegeben hat?

4 Schaffet euch aus jeglichem Stamm drei Männer, daß ich sie sende, und sie sich aufmachen und durchs Land gehen und beschreiben es nach ihren Erbteilen und kommen zu mir.

5 Teilet das Land in sieben Teile. Juda soll bleiben auf seiner Grenze von Mittag her, und das Haus Joseph soll bleiben auf seiner Grenze von Mitternacht her.

6 Ihr aber beschreibet das Land der sieben Teile und bringet sie zu mir hieher, so will ich euch das Los werfen vor dem HERRN, unserm Gott.

7 Denn die Leviten haben kein Teil unter euch, sondern das Priestertum des HERRN ist ihr Erbteil. Gad aber und Ruben und der halbe Stamm Manasse haben ihr Teil genommen jenseit des Jordans gegen dem Morgen, das ihnen Mose, der Knecht des HERRN, gegeben hat.

8 Da machten sich die Männer auf, daß sie hingingen. Und Josua gebot ihnen, da sie hin wollten gehen, das Land zu beschreiben, und sprach: Gehet hin und durchwandelt das Land und beschreibet es und kommt wieder zu mir, daß ich euch hie das Los werfe vor dem HERRN zu Silo.

9 Also gingen die Männer hin und durchzogen das Land und beschrieben es auf einen Brief nach den Städten in sieben Teile; und kamen zu Josua ins Lager gen Silo.

10 Da warf Josua das Los über sie zu Silo vor dem HERRN und teilete daselbst das Land aus unter die Kinder Israel, einem jeglichen sein Teil.

11 Und das Los des Stamms der Kinder Benjamin fiel nach ihren Geschlechtern, und die Grenze ihres Loses ging aus zwischen den Kindern Juda und den Kindern Joseph.

12 Und ihre Grenze war an der Ecke gegen Mitternacht vom Jordan an und gehet herauf an der Seite Jerichos von mitternachtwärts; und kommt aufs Gebirge gegen abendwärts und gehet aus an der Wüste Beth-Aven;

13 und gehet von dannen gen Lus, an der Seite her an Lus gegen mittagwärts, das ist Bethel, und kommt hinab gen Atharoth-Adar an dem Berge, der vom Mittag liegt an dem niedern Beth-Horon.

14 Danach neiget sie sich und lenket sich um zur Ecke des Abends gegen Mittag von dem Berge, der vor Beth-Horon gegen mittagwärts liegt, und endet sich an Kiriath-Baal, das ist Kiriath-Jearim, die Stadt der Kinder Juda; das ist die Ecke gegen Abend.

15 Aber die Ecke gegen Mittag ist von Kiriath-Jearim an und gehet aus gegen Abend und kommt hinaus zum Wasserbrunnen Nephthoah;

16 und gehet herab an des Berges Ende, der vor dem Tal des Sohns Hinnoms liegt, welches im Grunde Raphaim gegen Mitternacht liegt; und gehet herab durchs Tal Hinnom an der Seite der Jebusiter am Mittag und kommt hinab zum Brunnen Rogel;

17 und zeucht sich von mitternachtwärts und kommt hinaus gen En-Semes und kommt hinaus zu den Haufen, die gegen Adumim hinauf liegen, und kommt herab zum Stein Bohen, des Sohns Rubens;

18 und gehet zur Seite hin neben dem Gefilde, das gegen Mitternacht liegt, und kommt hinab aufs Gefilde;

19 und gehet an der Seite Beth-Haglas, die gegen Mitternacht liegt, und ist sein Ende an der Zunge des Salzmeers gegen Mitternacht an dem Ort des Jordans gegen Mittag. Das ist die Mittagsgrenze.

20 Aber die Ecke gegen Morgen soll der Jordan enden. Das ist das Erbteil der Kinder Benjamin in ihren Grenzen umher unter ihren Geschlechtern.

21 Die Städte aber des Stamms der Kinder Benjamin, unter ihren Geschlechtern sind diese: Jericho, Beth-Hagla, Emek-Reziz,

22 Beth-Araba, Zemaraim, Bethel.

23 Avim, Hapara, Ophra,

24 Kaphar-Amonai, Aphni, Gaba. Das sind zwölf Städte und ihre Dörfer.

25 Gibeon, Rama, Beeroth,

26 Mizpe, Kaphira, Moza,

27 Rekem, Jerpeel, Thareala,

28 Zela, Eleph und die Jebusiter, das ist Jerusalem, Gibeath, Kiriath: vierzehn Städte und ihre Dörfer. Das ist das Erbteil der Kinder Benjamin in ihren Geschlechtern.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Významy biblických slov

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

hütte
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Sieben
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Stämme
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

lange
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

drei
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

gehen
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

bleiben
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

mitternacht
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Priestertum
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

jordans
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Gebot
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Lager
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

jerichos
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

bethel
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

Berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

um
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Tal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Stein
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

rubens
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gefilde
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

Zunge
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

der Jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Städte
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Dörfer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

gibeath
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

vierzehn
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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 Dividing the Land
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Land of Canaan Map
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 The Division of the Land
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