Josua 17

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1 Und das Los fiel dem Stamm Manasse, denn er ist Josephs erster Sohn, und fiel auf Machir, den ersten Sohn Manasses, den Vater Gileads, denn er war ein streitbarer Mann; darum ward ihm Gilead und Basan.

2 Den andern Kindern aber Manasses und ihren Geschlechtern fiel es auch, nämlich den Kindern Abiesers, den Kindern Heleks, den Kindern Asriels, den Kindern Sechems, den Kindern Hephers und den Kindern Semidas. Das sind die Kinder Manasses, des Sohns Josephs, Mannsbilder unter ihren Geschlechtern.

3 Aber Zelaphehad, der Sohn Hephers, des Sohns Gileads, des Sohns Machirs, des Sohns Manasses, hatte keine Söhne, sondern Töchter; und ihre Namen sind diese: Mahela, Noa, Hagla, Milka, Thirza.

4 Und traten vor den Priester Eleasar und vor Josua, den Sohn Nuns, und vor die Obersten und sprachen: Der HERR hat Mose geboten, daß er uns sollte Erbteil geben unter unsern Brüdern. Und man gab ihnen Erbteil unter den Brüdern ihres Vaters nach dem Befehl des HERRN.

5 Es fielen aber auf Manasse zehn Schnüre außer dem Lande Gilead und Basan, das jenseit des Jordans liegt.

6 Denn die Töchter Manasses nehmen Erbteil unter seinen Söhnen, und das Land Gilead ward den andern Kindern Manasses.

7 Und die Grenze Manasses war von Asser an gen Michmethath, die vor Sechem lieget, und langet zur Rechten an die von En-Thapuah.

8 Denn das Land Thapuah ward Manasse; und ist die Grenze Manasses an die Kinder Ephraim.

9 Danach kommt sie herab gen Nahal-Kana gegen mittagwärts zu den Bachstädten, die Ephraims sind, unter den Städten Manasses; aber von Mitternacht ist die Grenze Manasses am Bach und endet sich am Meer,

10 dem Ephraim gegen Mittag und dem Manasse gegen Mitternacht; und das Meer ist seine Grenze; und soll stoßen an Asser von Mitternacht und an Isaschar von Morgen.

11 So hatte nun Manasse unter Isaschar und Asser Beth-Sean und ihre Töchter, Jeblaam und ihre Töchter und die zu Dor und ihre Töchter und die zu En-Dor und ihre Töchter und die zu Thaanach und ihre Töchter und die zu Megiddo und ihre Töchter und das dritte Teil Napheths.

12 Und die Kinder Manasse konnten diese Städte nicht einnehmen, sondern die Kanaaniter fingen an zu wohnen in demselbigen Lande.

13 Da aber die Kinder Israel mächtig wurden, machten sie die Kanaaniter zinsbar und vertrieben sie nicht.

14 Da redeten die Kinder Joseph mit Josua und sprachen: Warum hast du mir nur ein Los und eine Schnur des Erbteils gegeben? Und ich bin doch ein groß Volk, wie mich der HERR so gesegnet hat.

15 Da sprach Josua zu ihnen: Weil du ein groß Volk bist; so gehe hinauf in den Wald und haue um daselbst im Lande der Pheresiter und Riesen, weil dir das Gebirge Ephraim zu enge ist.

16 Da sprachen die Kinder Joseph: Das Gebirge werden wir nicht erlangen; denn es sind eiserne Wagen bei allen Kanaanitern; die im Tal des Landes wohnen, bei welchen liegt Beth-Sean und ihre Töchter und Jesreel im Tal.

17 Josua sprach zum Hause Josephs, zu Ephraim und Manasse: Du bist ein groß Volk, und weil du so groß bist, mußt du nicht ein Los haben,

18 sondern das Gebirge soll dein sein, da der Wald ist; den haue um, so wird er deines Loses Ende sein, wenn du die Kanaaniter vertreibest, die eiserne Wagen haben und mächtig sind.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Stamm
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

josephs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

machir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Machirs
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

töchter
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Befehl
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

jordans
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Bach
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

ephraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

mitternacht
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

mittag
'South' denotes truth in light.

isaschar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Städte
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gesegnet
Der Herr ist vollkommene Liebe, ausgedrückt als vollkommene Weisheit. Er hat uns geschaffen, damit Er uns lieben kann, damit Er uns Liebe und Weisheit schenken...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

wald
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

Riesen
'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

Tal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

groß
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

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