Amos 5

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German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Höret, ihr vom Hause Israel, dies Wort; denn ich muß dies Klagelied über euch machen:

2 Die Jungfrau Israel ist gefallen, daß sie nicht wieder aufstehen wird; sie ist zu Boden gestoßen, und ist niemand, der ihr aufhelfe.

3 Denn so spricht der HERR Gott: Die Stadt, da tausend ausgehen, soll nur hundert übrig behalten; und da hundert ausgehen, soll nur zehn übrig behalten im Hause Israel.

4 Darum so spricht der HERR zum Hause Israel: Suchet mich, so werdet ihr leben!

5 Suchet nicht Bethel und kommet nicht gen Gilgal und gehet nicht gen Berseba. Denn Gilgal wird gefangen weggeführet werden, und Bethel wird Beth-Aven werden.

6 Suchet den HERRN, so werdet ihr leben, daß nicht ein Feuer im Hause Josephs überhandnehme, das da verzehre, und niemand löschen möge zu Bethel,

7 die ihr das Recht in Wermut verkehret und die Gerechtigkeit zu Boden stoßet.

8 Er macht die Glucke und Orion; der aus der Finsternis den Morgen und aus dem Tage die finstere Nacht macht; der dem Wasser im Meer ruft und schüttet es auf den Erdboden: er heißet HERR,

9 der über den Starken eine Verstörung anrichtet und bringet eine Verstörung über die feste Stadt.

10 Aber sie sind dem gram, der sie im Tor straft, und haben den für einen Greuel, der heilsam lehret.

11 Darum, weil ihr die Armen unterdrücket und nehmet das Korn mit großen Lasten von ihnen, so sollt ihr in den Häusern nicht wohnen, die ihr von Werkstücken gebauet habt, und den Wein nicht trinken, den ihr in den feinen Weinbergen gepflanzet habt.

12 Denn ich weiß euer Übertreten, des viel ist, und eure Sünden, die stark sind, wie ihr die Gerechten dränget und Blutgeld nehmet und die Armen im Tor unterdrücket.

13 Darum muß der Kluge zur selbigen Zeit schweigen; denn es ist eine böse Zeit.

14 Suchet das Gute und nicht das Böse, auf daß ihr leben möget, so wird der HERR, der Gott Zebaoth, bei euch sein, wie ihr rühmet.

15 Hasset das Böse und liebet das Gute, bestellet das Recht im Tor, so wird der HERR, der Gott Zebaoth, den übrigen in Joseph gnädig sein.

16 Darum so spricht der HERR, der Gott Zebaoth, der HERR: Es wird in allen Gassen Wehklagen sein, und auf allen Straßen wird man sagen: Wehe! wehe! Und man wird den Ackermann zum Trauern rufen und zum Wehklagen, wer da weinen kann.

17 In allen Weinbergen wird Wehklagen sein; denn ich will unter euch fahren, spricht der HERR.

18 Wehe denen, die des HERRN Tag begehren! Was soll er euch? Denn des HERRN Tag ist eine Finsternis und nicht ein Licht.

19 Gleich als wenn jemand vor dem Löwen flöhe und ein Bär begegnete ihm, und als wenn jemand in ein Haus käme und lehnete sich mit der Hand an die Wand und eine Schlange stäche ihn.

20 Denn des HERR Tag wird ja finster und nicht licht sein, dunkel und nicht hell.

21 Ich bin euren Feiertagen gram und verachte sie und mag nicht riechen in eure Versammlung.

22 Und ob ihr mir gleich Brandopfer und Speisopfer opfert, so hab ich keinen Gefallen daran; so mag ich auch eure feisten Dankopfer nicht ansehen.

23 Tu nur weg von mir das Geplärr deiner Lieder; denn ich mag deines Psalterspieles nicht hören!

24 Es soll aber das Recht offenbaret werden wie Wasser und die Gerechtigkeit wie ein starker Strom.

25 Habt ihr vom Hause Israel mir in der Wüste die vierzig Jahre lang Schlachtopfer und Speisopfer geopfert? Jawohl!

26 Ihr truget den Sichuth, euren König, und Chiun, euer Bild, den Stern eurer Götter, welche ihr euch selbst gemacht hattet.

27 So will ich euch von hinnen jenseit Damaskus wegführen lassen, spricht der HERR, der Gott Zebaoth heißt.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4, 38

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 85

Wahre Christliche Religion 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Die Hauptlehren der neuen Kirche 27

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

klagelied
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

jungfrau
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

tausend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

hundert
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Josephs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

wermut
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

gerechtigkeit
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

Boden
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

Morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Tor
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Wein
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

trinken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

weiß
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

viel
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

Sünden
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

böse
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

zebaoth
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Straßen
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

sagen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Licht
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

Vor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Löwen
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

Bär
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

Haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Wand
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

Schlange
'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

dunkel
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

Lieder
In the ancient and Jewish churches, 'songs' were prophesies about the Lord, especially His coming in the world, subjugation of the diabolical spirits, and liberation...

hören
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Strom
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Bild
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

Götter
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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