1 Samuel 4

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Lutherbibel (1545)         

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1 Und Samuel fing an zu predigen dem ganzen Israel. Israel aber zog aus den Philistern entgegen in den Streit; und lagerten sich bei Eben-Ezer. Die Philister aber hatten sich gelagert zu Aphek

2 und rüsteten sich gegen Israel. Und der Streit teilete sich weit. Und Israel ward vor den Philistern geschlagen, und schlugen in der Ordnung im Felde bei viertausend Mann.

3 Und da das Volk ins Lager kam, sprachen die Ältesten Israels: Warum hat uns der HERR heute schlagen lassen vor den Philistern? Laßt uns zu uns nehmen die Lade des Bundes des HERRN von Silo und laßt sie, unter uns kommen, daß sie uns helfe von der Hand unserer Feinde.

4 Und das Volk sandte gen Silo und ließ von dannen holen die Lade des Bundes des HERRN Zebaoth, der über den Cherubim sitzet. Und waren da die zween Söhne Elis mit der Lade des Bundes Gottes, Hophni und Pinehas.

5 Und da die Lade des Bundes des HERRN in das Lager kam, jauchzete das ganze Israel mit einem großen Jauchzen, daß die Erde erschallete.

6 Da aber die Philister höreten das Geschrei solches Jauchzens, sprachen sie: Was ist das Geschrei solches großen Jauchzens in der Ebräer Lager? Und da sie erfuhren, daß die Lade des HERRN ins Lager kommen wäre,

7 fürchteten sie sich und sprachen: Gott ist ins Lager kommen; und sprachen weiter: Wehe uns! denn es ist vorhin nicht also gestanden.

8 Wehe uns! Wer will uns erretten von der Hand dieser mächtigen Götter? Das sind die Götter, die Ägypten schlugen mit allerlei Plage in der Wüste.

9 So seid nun getrost und Männer, ihr Philister, daß ihr nicht dienen müsset den Ebräern, wie sie euch gedienet haben. Seid Männer und streitet!

10 Da stritten die Philister, und Israel ward geschlagen, und ein jeglicher floh in seine Hütte. Und es war eine sehr große Schlacht, daß aus Israel fielen dreißigtausend Mann Fußvolks.

11 Und die Lade Gottes ward genommen, und die zween Söhne Elis, Hophni und Pinehas, starben.

12 Da lief einer von Benjamin aus dem Heer und kam gen Silo desselben Tages; und hatte seine Kleider zerrissen und hatte Erde auf sein Haupt gestreuet.

13 Und siehe, als er hineinkam, saß Eli auf dem Stuhl, daß er auf den Weg sähe; denn sein Herz war zaghaft über der Lade Gottes. Und da der Mann in die Stadt kam, sagte er's an; und die ganze Stadt schrie.

14 Und da Eli das laute Schreien hörete, fragte er: Was ist das für ein laut Getümmel? Da kam der Mann eilend und sagte es Eli an.

15 (Eli aber war achtundneunzig Jahre alt, und seine Augen waren dunkel, daß er nicht sehen konnte.)

16 Der Mann aber sprach zu Eli: Ich komme und bin heute aus dem Heer geflohen. Er aber sprach: Wie gehet es zu, mein Sohn?

17 Da antwortete der Verkündiger und sprach: Israel ist geflohen vor den Philistern, und ist eine große Schlacht im Volk geschehen; und deine zween Söhne, Hophni und Pinehas, sind gestorben; dazu die Lade Gottes ist genommen.

18 Da er aber der Lade Gottes gedachte, fiel er zurück vom Stuhl am Tor und brach seinen Hals entzwei und starb; denn er war alt und ein schwerer Mann. Er richtete aber Israel vierzig Jahre.

19 Seine Schnur aber, Pinehas Weib, war schwanger und sollte schier geliegen. Da sie das Gerücht hörete, daß die Lade Gottes genommen und ihr Schwäher und Mann tot wäre, krümmete sie sich und gebar, denn es kam sie ihr Wehe an.

20 Und da sie jetzt starb, sprachen die Weiber, die neben ihr stunden: Fürchte dich nicht, du hast einen jungen Sohn. Aber sie antwortete nichts und nahm's auch nicht zu Herzen.

21 Und sie hieß den Knaben Ikabod und sprach: Die HERRLIchkeit ist dahin von Israel; weil die Lade Gottes genommen war und ihr Schwäher und ihr Mann.

22 Und sprach abermal: Die HERRLIchkeit ist dahin von Israel; denn die Lade Gottes ist genommen.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Významy biblických slov

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

philistern
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

philister
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

geschlagen
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Lager
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

heute
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

lade
Im Wort werden drei Archen erwähnt: die Arche Noah, die Arche der Binsen für das Kind Mose und die Bundeslade in der Stiftshütte. Alle drei...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

feinde
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

zebaoth
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

cherubim
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Götter
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

Ägypten
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

floh
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

hütte
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Kleider
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

zerrissen
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...

saß
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

stuhl
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

stadt
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

alt
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

sehen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

antwortete
Zu "antworten" deutet im Allgemeinen auf einen Zustand geistiger Empfänglichkeit hin. Letztlich bedeutet dies, für den Herrn empfänglich zu sein, der ständig versucht, wahre Ideen...

Tor
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

schwanger
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

tot
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Herzen
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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