1 Samuel 3

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1 Und da Samuel, der Knabe, dem HERRN dienete unter Eli, war des HERRN Wort teuer zu derselbigen Zeit, und war wenig Weissagung.

2 Und es begab sich, zur selben Zeit lag Eli an seinem Ort, und seine Augen fingen an dunkel zu werden, daß er nicht sehen konnte.

3 Und Samuel hatte sich geleget im Tempel des HERRN, da die Lade Gottes war, ehe denn die Lampe Gottes verlosch.

4 Und der HERR rief Samuel. Er aber antwortete: Siehe, hie bin ich.

5 Und lief zu Eli und sprach: Siehe, hie bin ich, du hast mich gerufen. Er aber sprach: Ich habe dich nicht gerufen; gehe wieder hin und lege dich schlafen. Und er ging hin und legte sich schlafen.

6 Der HERR rief abermal: Samuel! Und Samuel stund auf und ging zu Eli und sprach: Siehe, hie bin ich, du hast mich gerufen. Er aber sprach: Ich habe dich nicht gerufen, mein Sohn; gehe wieder hin und lege dich schlafen.

7 Aber Samuel kannte den HERRN noch nicht, und des HERRN Wort war ihm noch nicht offenbaret.

8 Und der HERR rief Samuel aber zum drittenmal. Und er stund auf und ging zu Eli und sprach: Siehe, hie bin ich, du hast mich gerufen. Da merkte Eli, daß der HERR dem Knaben rief,

9 und sprach zu ihm: Gehe wieder hin und lege dich schlafen; und so du gerufen wirst, so sprich: Rede, HERR; denn dein Knecht höret. Samuel ging hin und legte sich an seinen Ort.

10 Da kam der HERR und trat dahin und rief wie vormals: Samuel, Samuel! Und Samuel sprach: Rede, denn dein Knecht höret.

11 Und der HERR sprach zu Samuel: Siehe, ich tue ein Ding in Israel, daß, wer das hören wird, dem werden seine beiden Ohren gellen.

12 An dem Tage will ich erwecken über Eli, was ich wider sein Haus geredet habe; ich will's anfahen und vollenden.

13 Denn ich hab's ihm angesagt, daß ich Richter sein will über sein Haus ewiglich um der Missetat willen, daß er wußte, wie seine Kinder sich schändlich hielten, und hatte nicht einmal sauer dazu gesehen.

14 Darum habe; ich dem Hause Eli geschworen, daß diese Missetat des Hauses Eli soll nicht versöhnet werden weder mit Opfer noch mit Speisopfer ewiglich.

15 Und Samuel lag bis an den Morgen; und tat die Tür auf am Hause des HERRN. Samuel aber fürchtete sich, das Gesicht Eli anzusagen.

16 Da rief ihm Eli und sprach: Samuel, mein Sohn! Er antwortete: Siehe, hie bin ich.

17 Er sprach: Was ist das Wort, das dir gesagt ist? Verschweige mir nichts. Gott tue dir dies und das, wo du mir etwas verschweigest, das dir gesagt ist!

18 Da sagte es ihm Samuel alles an und verschwieg ihm nichts. Er aber sprach: Es ist der HERR; er tue, was ihm wohlgefällt!

19 Samuel aber nahm zu, und der HERR war mit ihm; und fiel keines unter allen seinen Worten auf die Erde.

20 Und ganz Israel, von Dan an bis gen Berseba, erkannte, daß Samuel ein treuer Prophet des HERRN war.

21 Und der HERR erschien hinfort zu Silo; denn der HERR war Samuel offenbaret worden zu Silo durch das Wort des HERRN.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Enthüllte Offenbarung 505

Die Lehre des neuen Jerusalem von der Heiligen Schrift 29

True Christian Religion 211


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

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Významy biblických slov

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

zeit
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

zu
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Ort
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

sehen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Tempel
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

lade
Im Wort werden drei Archen erwähnt: die Arche Noah, die Arche der Binsen für das Kind Mose und die Bundeslade in der Stiftshütte. Alle drei...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

lampe
The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hören
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Richter
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

missetat
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

geschworen
'To sware' is a binding.

Morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

tür
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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 Compare: Moses and Samuel
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Eli and Samuel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Hearing the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Lord Calls to Samuel
Project | Ages up to 6

 Procreation Spiritual and Natural
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Quotes: Hearing the Lord
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samuel
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Samuel, Samuel! (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Samuel's Call
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Speak Lord, for Your Servant Hears
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Burning Bush with Tissue Paper
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Call of Samuel Diorama
Backdrop and figures of Eli and Samuel to color and assemble into a diorama of the Lord calling Samuel.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Lord Calls Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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