Richter 7

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1 Und Jerub-Baal, das ist Gideon, und alles Volk, das mit ihm war, machten sich früh auf, und sie lagerten sich an der Quelle Harod; das Lager Midians aber war nordwärts von ihm, nach dem Hügel More hin, im Tale.

2 Und Jehova sprach zu Gideon: Des Volkes, das bei dir ist, ist zu viel, als daß ich Midian in ihre Hand geben sollte; damit Israel sich nicht wider mich rühme und spreche: Meine Hand hat mich gerettet!

3 Und nun rufe doch vor den Ohren des Volkes aus und sprich: Wer furchtsam und verzagt ist, kehre um und wende sich zurück vom Gebirge Gilead! Da kehrten von dem Volke zweiundzwanzigtausend um, und zehntausend blieben übrig.

4 Und Jehova sprach zu Gideon: Noch ist des Volkes zu viel; führe sie ans Wasser hinab, daß ich sie dir daselbst läutere; und es soll geschehen, von wem ich dir sagen werde: dieser soll mit dir ziehen, der soll mit dir ziehen; und jeder, von dem ich dir sagen werde: dieser soll nicht mit dir ziehen, der soll nicht ziehen.

5 Und er führte das Volk ans Wasser hinab. Und Jehova sprach zu Gideon: Jeder, der mit seiner Zunge von dem Wasser leckt, wie ein Hund leckt, den stelle besonders; und auch jeden, der sich auf seine Knie niederläßt, um zu trinken.

6 Und die Zahl derer, welche mit ihrer Hand zu ihrem Munde leckten, war dreihundert Mann; und das ganze übrige Volk hatte sich auf seine Knie niedergelassen, um Wasser zu trinken.

7 Und Jehova sprach zu Gideon: Durch die dreihundert Mann, die geleckt haben, will ich euch retten und Midian in deine Hand geben; das ganze übrige Volk aber soll gehen, ein jeder an seinen Ort.

8 Und sie nahmen die Zehrung des Volkes mit sich und seine Posaunen. Und er entließ alle Männer von Israel, einen jeden nach seinen Zelten; aber die dreihundert Mann behielt er. Das Lager Midians war aber unter ihm im Tale.

9 Und es geschah in selbiger Nacht, da sprach Jehova zu ihm: Mache dich auf, gehe in das Lager hinab; denn ich habe es in deine Hand gegeben.

10 Und wenn du dich fürchtest, hinabzugehen, so gehe mit Pura, deinem Knaben, zum Lager hinab;

11 und du wirst hören, was sie reden; und danach werden deine Hände erstarken, und du wirst in das Lager hinabgehen. Da ging er mit Pura, seinem Knaben, hinab bis an das Ende der Gerüsteten, die im Lager waren.

12 Und Midian und Amalek und alle Söhne des Ostens lagen im Tale, wie die Heuschrecken an Menge; und ihrer Kamele war keine Zahl, wie der Sand, der am Ufer des Meeres ist, an Menge.

13 Und Gideon kam, und siehe, ein Mann erzählte seinem Genossen einen Traum und sprach: Siehe, ich habe einen Traum gehabt; und siehe, ein Laib Gerstenbrot rollte in das Lager Midians; und es kam bis zum Zelte und schlug es, daß es umfiel, und kehrte es um, das Unterste zu oberst, und das Zelt lag da.

14 Und sein Genosse antwortete und sprach: Das ist nichts anderes als das Schwert Gideons, des Sohnes Joas', eines Mannes von Israel; Gott hat Midian und das ganze Lager in seine Hand gegeben.

15 Und es geschah, als Gideon die Erzählung des Traumes und seine Deutung hörte, da betete er an. Und er kehrte in das Lager Israels zurück und sprach: Machet euch auf! Denn Jehova hat das Lager Midians in eure Hand gegeben.

16 Und er teilte die dreihundert Mann in drei Haufen und gab ihnen allen Posaunen in die Hand und leere Krüge, und Fackeln in die Krüge.

17 Und er sprach zu ihnen: Sehet es mir ab und tut ebenso; siehe, wenn ich an das Ende des Lagers komme, so soll es geschehen, daß ihr ebenso tut, wie ich tue.

18 Und stoße ich in die Posaune, ich und alle, die bei mir sind, so sollt auch ihr in die Posaunen stoßen rings um das ganze Lager, und sollt rufen: Für Jehova und für Gideon!

19 Und Gideon und die hundert Mann, die bei ihm waren, kamen an das Ende des Lagers, beim Beginn der mittleren Nachtwache; man hatte eben die Wachen aufgestellt. Und sie stießen in die Posaunen und zerschmetterten die Krüge, die in ihrer Hand waren.

20 Und die drei Haufen stießen in die Posaunen und zerbrachen die Krüge; und sie hielten in ihrer linken Hand die Fackeln und in ihrer rechten Hand die Posaunen zum Blasen und riefen: Schwert Jehovas und Gideons!

21 Und sie standen ein jeder an seiner Stelle, rings um das Lager. Da lief das ganze Lager und schrie und floh.

22 Und sie stießen in die dreihundert Posaunen; und Jehova richtete das Schwert des einen wider den anderen, und zwar im ganzen Lager. Und das Lager floh bis Beth-Schitta, nach Zerera hin, bis an das Ufer von Abel-Mehola bei Tabbath.

23 Und es versammelten sich die Männer von Israel, von Naphtali und von Aser und von ganz Manasse, und sie jagten Midian nach.

24 Und Gideon sandte Boten in das ganze Gebirge Ephraim und ließ sagen: Kommet herab, Midian entgegen, und nehmet ihnen die Gewässer bis Beth-Bara, und den Jordan! Da versammelten sich alle Männer von Ephraim und nahmen ihnen die Gewässer bis Beth-Bara und den Jordan.

25 Und sie fingen die zwei Fürsten von Midian, Oreb und Seeb; und sie erschlugen Oreb an dem Felsen Oreb, und Seeb erschlugen sie bei der Kelter Seeb; und sie jagten Midian nach. Und die Köpfe Orebs und Seebs brachten sie zu Gideon auf die andere Seite des Jordan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Enthüllte Offenbarung 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

früh
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

Lager
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

midians
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

nordwärts
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

viel
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

midian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gerettet
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

zurück
Es gibt viele Beispiele in der Bibel, die beschreiben, wie Menschen umkehren, zurückblicken oder zurückgehen. In den meisten Fällen ist es ein negatives, manchmal verheerendes...

zehntausend
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

sagen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Zunge
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

dem Wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Hund
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

knie
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

trinken
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Ort
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

Männer
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hören
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

heuschrecken
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

kamele
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Traum
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

Zelte
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Zelt
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

schlug
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

antwortete
Zu "antworten" deutet im Allgemeinen auf einen Zustand geistiger Empfänglichkeit hin. Letztlich bedeutet dies, für den Herrn empfänglich zu sein, der ständig versucht, wahre Ideen...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

drei
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

posaune
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

hundert
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

schrie
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

floh
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

Boten
'A messenger' signifies communication.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

zwei
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Felsen
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

Köpfe
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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