Richter 3

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1 Und dies sind die Nationen, welche Jehova bleiben ließ, um Israel durch sie zu versuchen, alle, die nichts wußten von allen Kriegen Kanaans-

2 nur damit die Geschlechter der Kinder Israel Kenntnis von denselben bekämen, um sie den Krieg zu lehren: nur die, welche vordem nichts von denselben gewußt hatten: -

3 die fünf Fürsten der Philister und alle Kanaaniter und Zidonier und Hewiter, welche das Gebirge Libanon bewohnten, von dem Berge Baal-Hermon an, bis man nach Hamath kommt.

4 Und sie dienten dazu, Israel durch sie zu versuchen, um zu wissen, ob sie den Geboten Jehovas gehorchen würden, welche er ihren Vätern durch Mose Geboten hatte.

5 Und die Kinder Israel wohnten inmitten der Kanaaniter, der Hethiter und der Amoriter und der Perisiter und der Hewiter und der Jebusiter;

6 und sie nahmen sich deren Töchter zu Weibern und gaben ihre Töchter deren Söhnen und dienten ihren Göttern.

7 Und die Kinder Israel taten, was böse war in den Augen Jehovas und vergaßen Jehovas, ihres Gottes, und sie dienten den Baalim und den Ascheroth.

8 Da entbrannte der Zorn Jehovas wider Israel, und er verkaufte sie in die Hand Kuschan-Rischathaims, des Königs von Mesopotamien; und die Kinder Israel dienten dem Kuschan-Rischathaim acht Jahre.

9 Und die Kinder Israel schrieen zu Jehova; und Jehova erweckte den Kindern Israel einen Retter, der sie rettete: Othniel, den Sohn Kenas', den jüngeren Bruder Kalebs.

10 Und der Geist Jehovas kam über ihn, und er richtete Israel; und er zog aus zum Streite, und Jehova gab Kuschan-Rischathaim, den König von Aram, in seine Hand, und seine Hand wurde stark wider Kuschan-Rischathaim.

11 Und das Land hatte Ruhe vierzig Jahre. Und Othniel, der Sohn Kenas', starb.

12 Und die Kinder Israel taten wiederum, was böse war in den Augen Jehovas; und Jehova stärkte Eglon, den König von Moab, wider Israel, weil sie taten, was böse war in den Augen Jehovas.

13 Und er versammelte zu sich die Kinder Ammon und Amalek; und er zog hin und schlug Israel, und sie nahmen die Palmenstadt in Besitz.

14 Und die Kinder Israel dienten Eglon, dem König von Moab, achtzehn Jahre.

15 Und die Kinder Israel schrien zu Jehova; und Jehova erweckte ihnen einen Retter, Ehud, den Sohn Geras, einen Benjaminiter, einen Mann, der links war. Und die Kinder Israel sandten durch ihn ein Geschenk an Eglon, den König von Moab.

16 Und Ehud machte sich ein Schwert, das zwei Schneiden hatte, eine Elle seine Länge; und er gürtete es unter seinen Rock an seine rechte Hüfte.

17 Und er überreichte das Geschenk Eglon, dem König von Moab. Eglon war aber ein sehr fetter Mann.

18 Und es geschah, als er mit der Überreichung des Geschenkes fertig war, da geleitete er das Volk, welches das Geschenk getragen hatte.

19 Er selbst aber kehrte um von den geschnitzten Bildern, die bei Gilgal waren, und sprach: Ein geheimes Wort habe ich an dich, o König! Und er sprach: Stille! Und alle, die bei ihm standen, gingen von ihm hinaus.

20 Und als Ehud zu ihm hereinkam, saß er in dem Obergemach der Kühlung, das für ihn allein war. Und Ehud sprach: Ein Wort Gottes habe ich an dich. Und er stand auf vom Stuhle.

21 Da streckte Ehud seine linke Hand aus und nahm das Schwert von seiner rechten Hüfte und stieß es ihm in den Bauch;

22 und es drang sogar der Griff hinein nach der Klinge, und das Fett schloß sich um die Klinge; denn er zog das Schwert nicht aus seinem Bauche, und es fuhr hinaus zwischen den Beinen.

23 Und Ehud ging in die Säulenhalle hinaus und schloß die Tür des Obergemachs hinter ihm zu und verriegelte sie.

24 Und als er hinausgegangen war, da kamen seine Knechte und sahen, und siehe, die Tür des Obergemachs war verriegelt. Und sie sprachen: Gewiß bedeckt er seine Füße in dem Gemach der Kühlung.

25 Und sie warteten, bis sie sich schämten; aber siehe, er öffnete die Tür des Obergemachs nicht; da nahmen sie den Schlüssel und schlossen auf, und siehe, ihr Herr lag tot am Boden. -

26 Ehud aber war entronnen, während sie zögerten: er war über die geschnitzten Bilder hinausgelangt und entrann nach Seira.

27 Und es geschah, als er ankam, da stieß er in die Posaune auf dem Gebirge Ephraim; und die Kinder Israel zogen mit ihm von dem Gebirge hinab, und er vor ihnen her.

28 Und er sprach zu ihnen: Jaget mir nach, denn Jehova hat eure Feinde, die Moabiter, in eure Hand gegeben! Und sie zogen hinab, ihm nach, und nahmen den Moabitern die Furten des Jordan, und ließen niemand hinübergehen.

29 Und sie schlugen die Moabiter zu selbiger Zeit, bei zehntausend Mann, lauter kräftige und streitbare Männer, und keiner entrann.

30 Und Moab wurde an selbigem Tage unter die Hand Israels gebeugt. Und das Land hatte Ruhe achtzig Jahre.

31 Und nach ihm war Schamgar, der Sohn Anaths; und er schlug die Philister, sechshundert Mann, mit einem Rinderstachel. Und auch er rettete Israel.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Enthüllte Offenbarung 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

1 Mose 24:10

2 Mose 34:16

3 Mose 26:17

4 Mose 13:29, 23:18

5 Mose 8:11, 14, 18

Josua 2:7, 13:3

Richter 1:4, 5, 13, 16, 2:11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 3:11, 30, 4:3, 5:6, 31, 6:3, 25, 34, 7:9, 14, 15, 24, 8:28, 33, 10:1, 9, 11, 12, 11:29, 12:5, 13:25, 14:6, 15:14, 15, 17:1, 19:1, 20:16

1 Samuel 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

2 Samuel 4:6, 20:9, 10

1 Koenige 9:20, 11:3

1 Chronik 8:3, 5

2 Chronik 9:24, 15:1

Nehemia 4:14

Psalm 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

Hosea 6:4

2 Korinther 14

Významy biblických slov

Nationen
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Krieg
Krieg im Wort steht für den Kampf gegen die Versuchung, wenn das Gute von dem Bösen oder Falschen angegriffen wird. Das Böse, das angreift, kommt...

fünf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

philister
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Berge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Wissen
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

hethiter
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

töchter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

böse
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

Baalim
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

Zorn
Wut ist eine Emotion, die so häufig bei Menschen vorkommt, dass sie keiner Definition bedarf. Es können jedoch einige interessante Punkte angesprochen werden. 1) Der...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

mesopotamien
'Mesopotamia' denotes knowledges of truth.

acht
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

Retter
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

Sohn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Bruder
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

kalebs
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

aram
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

Land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

Ruhe
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

schlug
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

zwei
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

länge
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

saß
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

stand auf
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Bauch
The belly (Psalms 16:4) signifies the interior understanding.

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

Fett
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

tür
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Füße
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

herr
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

tot
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Boden
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

bilder
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

posaune
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

feinde
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Moabiter
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

zehntausend
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Männer
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

tage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

achtzig
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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