Richter 14

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Elberfelder Bibel (1905)         

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1 Und Simson ging nach Timna hinab; und er sah in Timna ein Weib von den Töchtern der Philister.

2 Und er ging hinauf und berichtete es seinem Vater und seiner Mutter und sprach: Ich habe in Timna ein Weib gesehen von den Töchtern der Philister; und nun nehmet sie mir zum Weibe.

3 Und sein Vater und seine Mutter sprachen zu ihm: Ist unter den Töchtern deiner Brüder und unter meinem ganzen Volke kein Weib, daß du hingehest, ein Weib zu nehmen von den Philistern, den Unbeschnittenen? Und Simson sprach zu seinem Vater: Diese nimm mir, denn sie ist recht in meinen Augen.

4 Sein Vater und seine Mutter wußten aber nicht, daß es von Jehova war; denn er suchte eine Gelegenheit an den Philistern. Und in jener Zeit herrschten die Philister über Israel.

5 Und Simson ging mit seinem Vater und seiner Mutter nach Timna hinab; und als sie an die Weinberge von Timna kamen, siehe, da brüllte ein junger Löwe ihm entgegen.

6 Und der Geist Jehovas geriet über ihn, und er zerriß ihn, wie man ein Böcklein zerreißt; und er hatte gar nichts in seiner Hand. Und er tat seinem Vater und seiner Mutter nicht kund, was er getan hatte.

7 Und er ging hinab und redete zu dem Weibe, und sie war recht in den Augen Simsons.

8 Und er kehrte nach einiger Zeit zurück, um sie zu nehmen, und er bog ab, um das Aas des Löwen zu besehen, und siehe, ein Bienenschwarm war in dem Körper des Löwen, und Honig.

9 Da nahm er ihn heraus in seine Hände, und ging und im Gehen; und er ging zu seinem Vater und zu seiner Mutter und gab ihnen, und sie aßen; aber er tat ihnen nicht kund, daß er den Honig aus dem Körper des Löwen herausgenommen hatte.

10 Und sein Vater ging zu dem Weibe hinab, und Simson machte daselbst ein Mahl; denn also pflegten die Jünglinge zu tun.

11 Und es geschah, als sie ihn sahen, da nahmen die dreißig Gesellen; und sie waren bei ihm.

12 Und Simson sprach zu ihnen: Ich will euch einmal ein Rätsel aufgeben; wenn ihr es mir in den sieben Tagen des Mahles kundtut und es erratet, so werde ich euch dreißig Hemden und dreißig Wechselkleider geben;

13 Wenn ihr es mir aber nicht kundtun könnet, so sollt ihr mir dreißig Hemden und dreißig Wechselkleider geben. Und sie sprachen zu ihm: Gib dein Rätsel auf, daß wir es hören!

14 Und er sprach zu ihnen: Aus dem Fresser kam Fraß, und aus dem Starken kam Süßigkeit. Und sie vermochten das Rätsel nicht kundzutun drei Tage lang.

15 Und es geschah am siebten Tage, da sprachen sie zu dem Weibe Simsons: Berede deinen Mann, daß er uns das Rätsel kundtue, damit wir nicht dich und deines Vaters Haus mit Feuer verbrennen! Um uns zu berauben, habt ihr uns geladen, nicht wahr?

16 Und Simsons Weib weinte an ihm und sprach: Du hassest mich nur und liebst mich nicht. Das Rätsel hast du den Kindern meines Volkes aufgegeben, und mir hast du es nicht kundgetan. Und er sprach zu ihr: Siehe, meinem Vater und meiner Mutter habe ich es nicht kundgetan, und dir sollte ich es kundtun?

17 Und sie weinte an ihm die sieben Tage, da sie das Mahl hatten. Und es geschah am siebten Tage, da tat er es ihr kund, denn sie drängte ihn. Und sie tat das Rätsel den Kindern ihres Volkes kund.

18 Da sprachen die Männer der Stadt zu ihm am siebten Tage, ehe die Sonne unterging: Was ist süßer als Honig? Und was ist stärker als der Löwe? Und er sprach zu ihnen: Wenn ihr nicht mit meinem Kalbe gepflügt hättet, so hättet ihr mein Rätsel nicht erraten.

19 Und der Geist Jehovas geriet über ihn; und er ging hinab nach Askalon und erschlug von ihnen dreißig Mann und nahm ihre ausgezogenen Gewänder und gab die Wechselkleider denen, welche das Rätsel kundgetan hatten. Und sein Zorn entbrannte, und er ging hinauf in das Haus seines Vaters.

20 Und das Weib Simsons wurde einem seiner Gesellen gegeben, den er sich zugesellt hatte.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 4855, 9836


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 619

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Významy biblických slov

simson
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sah
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

philister
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Vater
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mutter
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sprach
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gesehen
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Brüder
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philistern
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Unbeschnittenen
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

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weinberge
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löwe
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

jehovas
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hand
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zurück
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Löwen
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

honig
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...


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dreißig
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geben
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Sieben
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hören
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drei
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tage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Zorn
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