Richter 13

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Elberfelder Bibel (1905)         

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1 Und die Kinder Israel taten wiederum was böse war in den Augen Jehovas; und Jehova gab sie in die Hand der Philister vierzig Jahre.

2 Und es war ein Mann aus Zorha, vom Geschlecht der Daniter, sein Name war Manoah. Und sein Weib war unfruchtbar und gebar nicht.

3 Und der Engel Jehovas erschien dem Weibe und sprach zu ihr: Siehe doch, du bist unfruchtbar und gebierst nicht; aber du wirst schwanger werden und einen Sohn gebären.

4 Und nun hüte dich doch und trinke weder Wein noch starkes Getränk, und iß nichts Unreines!

5 Denn siehe, du wirst schwanger werden und einen Sohn gebären; und kein Schermesser soll auf sein Haupt kommen, denn ein Nasir Gottes soll der Knabe sein von Mutterleibe an; und er wird anfangen, Israel aus der Hand der Philister zu retten.

6 Und das Weib kam und sprach zu ihrem Manne und sagte: Ein Mann Gottes ist zu mir gekommen, und sein Ansehen war wie das Ansehen eines Engels Gottes, sehr furchtbar; und ich habe ihn nicht gefragt, woher er sei, und seinen Namen hat er mir nicht kundgetan.

7 Und er sprach zu mir: Siehe, du wirst schwanger werden und einen Sohn gebären; und nun, trinke weder Wein noch starkes Getränk, und iß nichts Unreines; denn ein Nasir Gottes soll der Knabe sein von Mutterleibe an bis zum Tage seines Todes.

8 Da flehte Manoah zu Jehova und sprach: Bitte, Herr! Der Mann Gottes, den du gesandt hast, möge doch nochmals zu uns kommen und uns lehren, was wir tun sollen mit dem Knaben, der geboren werden soll.

9 Und Gott erhörte die Stimme Manoahs; und der Engel Gottes kam nochmals zu dem Weibe, als sie auf dem Felde saß, und Manoah, ihr Mann, nicht bei ihr war.

10 Da eilte das Weib und lief und berichtete es ihrem Manne, und sie sprach zu ihm: Siehe, der Mann ist mir erschienen, der an jenem Tage zu mir gekommen ist.

11 Und Manoah machte sich auf und ging seinem Weibe nach; und er kam zu dem Manne und sprach zu ihm: Bist du der Mann, der zu dem Weibe geredet hat? Und er sprach: Ich bin's.

12 Und Manoah sprach: Wenn nun dein Wort eintrifft, was soll die Weise des Knaben sein und sein Tun?

13 Und der Engel Jehovas sprach zu Manoah: Vor allem, was ich dem Weibe gesagt habe, soll sie sich hüten:

14 Von allem, was vom Weinstock kommt, soll sie nicht essen, und Wein und starkes Getränk soll sie nicht trinken, und soll nichts Unreines essen; alles, was ich ihr geboten habe, soll sie beobachten.

15 Und Manoah sprach zu dem Engel Jehovas: Laß dich doch von uns aufhalten, so wollen wir dir ein Ziegenböcklein zubereiten.

16 Und der Engel Jehovas sprach zu Manoah: Wenn du mich auch aufhieltest, ich würde nicht von deinem Brote essen; willst du aber ein Brandopfer opfern, so opfere es Jehova. Denn Manoah wußte nicht, daß es der Engel Jehovas war.

17 Und Manoah sprach zu dem Engel Jehovas: Wie ist dein Name, daß wir dich ehren, wenn dein Wort eintrifft?

18 Und der Engel Jehovas sprach zu ihm: Warum fragst du denn nach meinem Namen? Er ist ja wunderbar!

19 Da nahm Manoah das Ziegenböcklein und das Speisopfer und opferte es Jehova auf dem Felsen. Er aber handelte wunderbar, und Manoah und sein Weib sahen zu;

20 und es geschah, als die Flamme von dem Altar gen Himmel emporstieg, da fuhr der Engel Jehovas in der Flamme des Altars hinauf. Und Manoah und sein Weib sahen zu und fielen auf ihr Angesicht zur Erde.

21 Und der Engel Jehovas erschien Manoah und seinem Weibe fortan nicht mehr. Da erkannte Manoah, daß es der Engel Jehovas war.

22 Und Manoah sprach zu seinem Weibe: Wir werden gewißlich sterben, denn wir haben Gott gesehen!

23 Aber sein Weib sprach zu ihm: Wenn es Jehova gefallen hätte, uns zu töten, so hätte er nicht ein Brandopfer und Speisopfer aus unserer Hand angenommen, und er hätte uns dies alles nicht gezeigt, noch uns zu dieser Zeit dergleichen vernehmen lassen.

24 Und das Weib gebar einen Sohn; und sie gab ihm den Namen Simson. Und der Knabe wuchs, und Jehova segnete ihn.

25 Und der Geist Jehovas fing an, ihn zu treiben zu Machaneh-Dan zwischen Zorha und Eschtaol.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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Významy biblických slov

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

böse
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

philister
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

unfruchtbar
"Sarai was barren, she had no child" (Gen 11:30), signifies that evil and falsity were not productive.

engel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

schwanger
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

wein
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

flehte
To 'intreat' denotes humiliation.

bitte
To 'intreat' denotes humiliation.

herr
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Kommen
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

geboren
In einem allgemeinen Sinne stellt das "Geborenwerden" in der Bibel einen spirituellen Zustand dar, der einen anderen hervorbringt, in der Regel eine Form von Liebe...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

stimme
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

saß
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

jenem
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

essen
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

trinken
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Beobachten
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

Felsen
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

Altar
Der erste im Wort erwähnte Altar wurde von Noah gebaut, nachdem er aus der Arche gekommen war. Auf diesem Altar opferte er dem Herrn reine...

himmel
"Luft" steht in der Bibel für das Denken, aber in einer sehr allgemeinen Weise - eher für unsere Fähigkeit, Ideen wahrzunehmen und die Art und...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

sterben
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

gesehen
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

simson
'Samson' represents the Lord when He fought against the hells and subdued them because of His natural self regarding truth. This was before He put...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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