Richter 1

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Elberfelder Bibel (1905)         

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1 Und es geschah nach dem Tode Josuas, da befragten die Kinder Israel Jehova und sprachen: Wer von uns soll zuerst wider die Kanaaniter hinaufziehen, um wider sie zu streiten?

2 Und Jehova sprach: Juda soll hinaufziehen; siehe, ich habe das Land in seine Hand gegeben.

3 Und Juda sprach zu Simeon, seinem Bruder: Ziehe mit mir hinauf in mein Los, und laß uns wider die Kanaaniter streiten, so will auch ich mit dir in dein Los ziehen. Und Simeon zog mit ihm.

4 Und Juda zog hinauf, und Jehova gab die Kanaaniter und die Perisiter in ihre Hand; und sie schlugen sie zu Besek, zehntausend Mann.

5 Und sie fanden den Adoni-Besek und stritten wider ihn; und sie schlugen die Kanaaniter und die Perisiter.

6 Und Adoni-Besek floh; und sie jagten ihm nach und ergriffen ihn und hieben ihm die Daumen seiner Hände und seiner Füße ab.

7 Da sprach Adoni-Besek: Siebzig Könige, denen die Daumen ihrer Hände und ihrer Füße abgehauen waren, lasen auf unter meinem Tische; so wie ich getan habe, also hat Gott mir vergolten. Und sie brachten ihn nach Jerusalem, und er starb daselbst.

8 Und die Kinder Juda stritten wider Jerusalem und nahmen es ein und schlugen es mit der Schärfe des Schwertes, und die Stadt steckten sie in Brand.

9 Und danach zogen die Kinder Juda hinab, um wider die Kanaaniter zu streiten, die das Gebirge und den Süden und die Niederung bewohnten.

10 Und Juda zog wider die Kanaaniter, die in Hebron wohnten; der Name Hebrons war aber vordem Kirjath-Arba; und sie schlugen Scheschai und Achiman und Talmai.

11 Und er zog von dannen wider die Bewohner von Debir; der Name von Debir war aber vordem Kirjath-Sepher.

12 Und Kaleb sprach: Wer Kirjath-Sepher schlägt und es einnimmt, dem gebe ich meine Tochter Aksa zum Weibe.

13 Da nahm es Othniel ein, der Sohn Kenas', der jüngere Bruder Kalebs; und er gab ihm seine Tochter Aksa zum Weibe.

14 Und es geschah, als sie einzog, da trieb sie ihn an, ein Feld von ihrem Vater zu fordern. Und sie sprang von dem Esel herab. Und Kaleb sprach zu ihr: Was ist dir?

15 Und sie sprach zu ihm: Gib mir einen Segen; denn ein Mittagsland hast du mir gegeben, so gib mir auch Wasserquellen! Da gab ihr Kaleb die oberen Quellen und die unteren Quellen.

16 Und die Kinder des Keniters, des Schwagers Moses, waren mit den Kindern Juda aus der Palmenstadt heraufgezogen in die Wüste Juda, die im Süden von Arad liegt; und sie gingen hin und wohnten bei dem Volke.

17 Und Juda zog mit seinem Bruder Simeon hin, und sie schlugen die Kanaaniter, welche Zephat bewohnten; und sie verbannten es und gaben der Stadt den Namen Horma.

18 Und Juda nahm Gasa ein und sein Gebiet, und Askalon und sein Gebiet, und Ekron und sein Gebiet.

19 Und Jehova war mit Juda, und er nahm das Gebirge in Besitz; denn die Bewohner der Niederung trieb er nicht aus, weil sie eiserne Wagen hatten.

20 Und sie gaben dem Kaleb Hebron, so wie Mose geredet hatte; und er vertrieb daraus die drei Söhne Enaks.

21 Aber die Kinder Benjamin trieben die Jebusiter, die Bewohner von Jerusalem, nicht aus; und die Jebusiter haben bei den Kindern Benjamin in Jerusalem gewohnt bis auf diesen Tag.

22 Und das Haus Joseph, auch sie zogen nach Bethel hinauf, und Jehova war mit ihnen.

23 Und das Haus Joseph ließ Bethel auskundschaften; vordem war aber Lus der Name der Stadt.

24 Und die Wachen sahen einen Mann aus der Stadt herauskommen, und sie sprachen zu ihm: Zeige uns doch den Zugang zu der Stadt, so werden wir dir Güte erweisen.

25 Und er zeigte ihnen den Zugang zu der Stadt. Und sie schlugen die Stadt mit der Schärfe des Schwertes, aber den Mann und sein ganzes Geschlecht ließen sie gehen.

26 Und der Mann zog in das Land der Hethiter; und er baute eine Stadt und gab ihr den Namen Lus. Das ist ihr Name bis auf diesen Tag.

27 Aber Manasse trieb nicht aus Beth-Schean und seine Tochterstädte, und Taanak und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von Dor und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von Jibleam und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von Megiddo und seine Tochterstädte; und die Kanaaniter wollten in diesem Lande bleiben.

28 Und es geschah als Israel erstarkte, da machte es die Kanaaniter fronpflichtig; aber es trieb sie keineswegs aus. -

29 Und Ephraim trieb die Kanaaniter nicht aus, die zu Geser wohnten; und die Kanaaniter wohnten in ihrer Mitte zu Geser. -

30 Sebulon trieb nicht aus die Bewohner von Kitron und die Bewohner von Nahalol; und die Kanaaniter wohnten in ihrer Mitte und wurden fronpflichtig. -

31 Aser trieb nicht aus die Bewohner von Akko und die Bewohner von Zidon und Achlab und Aksib und Helba und Aphik und Rechob;

32 und die Aseriter wohnten inmitten der Kanaaniter, der Bewohner des Landes, denn sie trieben sie nicht aus.

33 Naphtali trieb nicht aus die Bewohner von Beth-Semes und die Bewohner von Beth-Anath; und er wohnte inmitten der Kanaaniter, der Bewohner des Landes; aber die Bewohner von Beth-Semes und von Beth-Anath wurden ihm fronpflichtig.

34 Und die Amoriter drängten die Kinder Dan ins Gebirge, denn sie gestatteten ihnen nicht, in die Niederung herabzukommen.

35 Und die Amoriter wollten im Gebirge Heres bleiben, in Ajjalon und in Schaalbim; aber die Hand des Hauses Joseph war schwer, und sie wurden fronpflichtig.

36 Und die Grenze der Amoriter war von der Anhöhe Akrabbim, von dem Felsen an und aufwärts.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

Wahre Christliche Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

josuas
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

Bruder
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

zehntausend
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

floh
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Füße
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

tische
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

hebrons
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

tochter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

kalebs
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Feld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

esel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

moses
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wüste
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Namen
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mose
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drei
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Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

haus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

bethel
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

güte
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

hethiter
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

wohnte
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Felsen
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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