Josua 4

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1 Und es geschah, als die ganze Nation vollends über den Jordan gezogen war, da sprach Jehova zu Josua und sagte:

2 Nehmet euch aus dem Volke zwölf Männer, je einen Mann aus einem Stamme,

3 und gebietet ihnen und sprechet: Hebet euch auf von hier, aus der Mitte des Jordan, von dem Standorte, wo die Füße der Priester festgestanden haben, zwölf Steine; und bringet sie mit euch hinüber und leget sie nieder in dem Nachtlager, wo ihr diese Nacht übernachten werdet.

4 Und Josua rief die zwölf Männer, die er aus den Kindern Israel bestellt hatte, je einen Mann aus einem Stamme.

5 Und Josua sprach zu ihnen: Gehet hinüber, vor die Lade Jehovas, eures Gottes, in die Mitte des Jordan, und hebet euch ein jeder einen Stein auf seine Schulter, nach der Zahl der Stämme der Kinder Israel,

6 damit dies ein Zeichen unter euch sei. Wenn eure Kinder künftig fragen und sprechen: Was bedeuten euch diese Steine? -

7 so sollt ihr zu ihnen sagen: Daß die Wasser des Jordan vor der Lade des Bundes Jehovas abgeschnitten wurden; als sie durch den Jordan ging, wurden die Wasser des Jordan abgeschnitten. Und diese Steine sollen für die Kinder Israel zum Gedächtnis sein ewiglich.

8 Und die Kinder Israel taten also, wie Josua geboten hatte, und hoben zwölf Steine auf aus der Mitte des Jordan, so wie Jehova zu Josua geredet hatte, nach der Zahl der Stämme der Kinder Israel; und sie brachten sie mit sich in das Nachtlager hinüber und legten sie daselbst nieder.

9 Und zwölf Steine richtete Josua auf in der Mitte des Jordan, an der Stelle, wo die Füße der Priester gestanden hatten, welche die Lade des Bundes trugen; und sie sind daselbst bis auf diesen Tag.

10 Und die Priester, welche die Lade trugen, blieben in der Mitte des Jordan stehen, bis alles vollendet war, was Jehova dem Josua geboten hatte, zu dem Volke zu reden, nach allem was Mose dem Josua geboten hatte. Und das Volk eilte und zog hinüber.

11 Und es geschah, als das ganze Volk vollends hinübergezogen war, da zogen die Lade Jehovas und die Priester angesichts des Volkes hinüber.

12 Und die Kinder Ruben und die Kinder Gad und der halbe Stamm Manasse zogen gerüstet vor den Kindern Israel her, wie Mose zu ihnen geredet hatte.

13 Bei vierzigtausend zum Heere Gerüstete zogen sie vor Jehova her zum Streit in die Ebenen von Jericho.

14 An selbigem Tage machte Jehova den Josua groß in den Augen von ganz Israel; und sie fürchteten ihn, wie sie Mose gefürchtet hatten, alle Tage seines Lebens.

15 Und Jehova sprach zu Josua und sagte:

16 Gebiete den Priestern, welche die Lade des Zeugnisses tragen, daß sie aus dem Jordan heraufsteigen.

17 Und Josua gebot den Priestern und sprach: Steiget aus dem Jordan herauf!

18 Und es geschah, als die Priester, welche die Lade des Bundes Jehovas trugen, aus der Mitte des Jordan heraufstiegen, als die Fußsohlen der Priester sich abgerissen hatten auf das Trockene, da kehrten die Wasser des Jordan an ihren Ort zurück, und sie flossen wie früher über alle seine Ufer.

19 Und das Volk stieg aus dem Jordan herauf am Zehnten des ersten Monats; und sie lagerten sich in Gilgal an der Ostgrenze von Jericho.

20 Und jene zwölf Steine, die sie aus dem Jordan genommen hatten, richtete Josua zu Gilgal auf.

21 Und er sprach zu den Kindern Israel und sagte: Wenn eure Kinder künftig ihre Väter fragen und sprechen: Was bedeuten diese Steine? -

22 so sollt ihr es euren Kindern kundtun und sprechen: Auf trockenem Boden ist Israel durch diesen Jordan gezogen.

23 Denn Jehova, euer Gott, hat die Wasser des Jordan vor euch ausgetrocknet, bis ihr hinübergezogen waret, so wie Jehova, euer Gott, mit dem Schilfmeere tat, das er vor uns austrocknete, bis wir hinübergezogen waren:

24 damit alle Völker der Erde die Hand Jehovas erkennten, daß sie stark ist; damit ihr Jehova, euren Gott, fürchtet alle Tage.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Lebenslehre 59

Wahre Christliche Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Významy biblických slov

nation
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Männer
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Mitte
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Füße
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Steine
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

lade
Im Wort werden drei Archen erwähnt: die Arche Noah, die Arche der Binsen für das Kind Mose und die Bundeslade in der Stiftshütte. Alle drei...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

Stein
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Stämme
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

zeichen
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

sagen
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Stehen
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

reden
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Ebenen
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

tage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Gebot
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Ort
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

zurück
Es gibt viele Beispiele in der Bibel, die beschreiben, wie Menschen umkehren, zurückblicken oder zurückgehen. In den meisten Fällen ist es ein negatives, manchmal verheerendes...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sprechen
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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