Josua 21

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1 Und die Häupter der Väter der Leviten traten zu Eleasar, dem Priester, und zu Josua, dem Sohne Nuns, und zu den Häuptern der Väter der Stämme der Kinder Israel,

2 und redeten zu ihnen zu Silo, im Lande Kanaan, und sprachen: Jehova hat durch Mose geboten, uns Städte zum Wohnen zu geben, und deren Bezirke für unser Vieh.

3 Und die Kinder Israel gaben den Leviten von ihrem Erbteil diese Städte und ihre Bezirke, nach dem Befehle Jehovas:

4 Und das Los kam heraus für die Familien der Kehathiter. Und die Söhne Aarons, des Priesters, aus den Leviten, erhielten vom Stamme Juda und vom Stamme der Simeoniter und vom Stamme Benjamin, durchs Los, dreizehn Städte;

5 und die übrigen Söhne Kehaths, von den Geschlechtern des Stammes Ephraim und vom Stamme Dan und vom halben Stamme Manasse, durchs Los, zehn Städte.

6 Und die Söhne Gersons erhielten von den Geschlechtern des Stammes Issaschar und vom Stamme Aser und vom Stamme Naphtali und vom halben Stamme Manasse in Basan, durchs Los, dreizehn Städte;

7 die Söhne Meraris, nach ihren Familien, vom Stamme Ruben und vom Stamme Gad und vom Stamme Sebulon zwölf Städte.

8 Und so gaben die Kinder Israel den Leviten diese Städte und ihre Bezirke durchs Los, so wie Jehova durch Mose geboten hatte.

9 Und sie gaben vom Stamme der Kinder Juda und vom Stamme der Kinder Simeon folgende Städte, die man mit Namen nannte;

10 und sie wurden den Söhnen Aarons, von den Familien der Kehathiter, aus den Kindern Levi, zuteil (denn für sie war das erste Los).

11 Und sie gaben ihnen die Stadt Arbas, des Vaters Enaks, das ist Hebron, im Gebirge Juda, und ihre Bezirke rings um sie her.

12 Aber das Feld der Stadt und ihre Dörfer gaben sie Kaleb, dem Sohne Jephunnes, als sein Eigentum.

13 Und sie gaben den Söhnen Aarons, des Priesters, die Zufluchtstadt für den Totschläger, Hebron und seine Bezirke; und Libna und seine Bezirke,

14 und Jattir und seine Bezirke, und Eschtemoa und seine Bezirke,

15 und Holon und seine Bezirke, und Debir und seine Bezirke,

16 und Ain und seine Bezirke, und Jutta und seine Bezirke, und Beth-Semes und seine Bezirke: neun Städte von diesen beiden Stämmen.

17 Und vom Stamme Benjamin: Gibeon und seine Bezirke, Geba und seine Bezirke,

18 Anathoth und seine Bezirke, und Almon und seine Bezirke: vier Städte.

19 Alle Städte der Söhne Aarons, der Priester: dreizehn Städte und ihre Bezirke.

20 Und was die Familien der Söhne Kehaths, der Leviten, die übrigen von den Söhnen Kehaths, betrifft, so waren die Städte ihres Loses vom Stamme Ephraim.

21 Und sie gaben ihnen die Zufluchtstadt für den Totschläger, Sichem und seine Bezirke im Gebirge Ephraim; und Geser und seine Bezirke,

22 und Kibzaim und seine Bezirke, und Beth-Horon und seine Bezirke: vier Städte.

23 Und vom Stamme Dan: Elteke und seine Bezirke, Gibbethon und seine Bezirke,

24 Ajjalon und seine Bezirke, Gath-Rimmon und seine Bezirke: vier Städte.

25 Und von der Hälfte des Stammes Manasse: Taanak und seine Bezirke, und Gath-Rimmon und seine Bezirke: zwei Städte.

26 Aller Städte waren zehn und ihre Bezirke, für die Familien der übrigen Söhne Kehaths.

27 Und den Söhnen Gersons, aus den Geschlechtern der Leviten, gaben sie vom halben Stamme Manasse: Die Zufluchtstadt für den Totschläger, Golan in Basan und seine Bezirke; und Beeschtera und seine Bezirke: zwei Städte.

28 Und vom Stamme Issaschar: Kischjon und seine Bezirke, Daberath und seine Bezirke,

29 Jarmuth und seine Bezirke, En-Gannim und seine Bezirke: Vier Städte.

30 Und vom Stamme Aser: Mischeal und seine Bezirke, Abdon und seine Bezirke,

31 Helkath und seine Bezirke, und Rechob und seine Bezirke: vier Städte.

32 Und vom Stamme Naphtali: Die Zufluchtstadt für den Totschläger, Kedes in Galiläa und seine Bezirke; und Hammoth-Dor und seine Bezirke, und Kartan und seine Bezirke: drei Städte.

33 Alle Städte der Gersoniter, nach ihren Familien: dreizehn Städte und ihre Bezirke.

34 Und den Familien der Söhne Meraris, den übrigen Leviten, gaben sie vom Stamme Sebulon: Jokneam und seine Bezirke, Karta und seine Bezirke,

35 Dimna und seine Bezirke, Nahalal und seine Bezirke: vier Städte.

36 Und vom Stamme Ruben: Bezer und seine Bezirke, und Jahza und seine Bezirke,

37 Kedemoth und seine Bezirke, und Mephaath und seine Bezirke: vier Städte.

38 Und vom Stamme Gad: Die Zufluchtstadt für den Totschläger, Ramoth in Gilead und seine Bezirke; und Machanaim und seine Bezirke,

39 Hesbon und seine Bezirke, Jaser und seine Bezirke; aller Städte waren vier.

40 Alle Städte der Söhne Meraris, nach ihren Familien, der übrigen von den Geschlechtern der Leviten: ihr Los war zwölf Städte.

41 Alle Städte der Leviten inmitten des Eigentums der Kinder Israel: achtundvierzig Städte und ihre Bezirke.

42 Diese Städte hatten, Stadt für Stadt, ihre Bezirke rings um sich her: also war es bei allen diesen Städten.

43 Und so gab Jehova Israel das ganze Land, welches er ihren Vätern zu geben geschworen hatte; und sie nahmen es in Besitz und wohnten darin.

44 Und Jehova schaffte ihnen Ruhe ringsumher nach allem, was er ihren Vätern geschworen hatte; und keiner von allen ihren Feinden hielt vor ihnen stand: alle ihre Feinde gab Jehova in ihre Hand.

45 Es fiel kein Wort dahin von all den guten Worten, welche Jehova zu dem Hause Israel geredet hatte; alles traf ein.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1441, 1616, 2909

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Významy biblických slov

väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Städte
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Familien
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

aarons
Aaron war der Bruder von Moses. Er symbolisiert zwei Dinge, zum einen während des ersten Teils des Exodus, als er Sprecher des Mose war, und...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

dreizehn
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

issaschar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

nannte
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Feld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

stadt
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Dörfer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

neun
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

gibeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

zwei
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

drei
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

jaser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

inmitten
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

geschworen
'To sware' is a binding.

feinde
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Feinden
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Stand
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

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