Josua 17

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1 Und das Los kam heraus für den Stamm Manasse, denn er war der Erstgeborene Josephs für Makir, den Erstgeborenen Manasses, den Vater Gileads; da er ein Kriegsmann war, so wurden ihm Gilead und Basan zuteil.

2 Und es kam heraus für die übrigen Söhne Manasses, nach ihren Geschlechtern: für die Söhne Abiesers und für die Söhne Heleks und für die Söhne Asriels und für die Söhne Sichems und für die Söhne Hephers und für die Söhne Schemidas; das waren die Kinder Manasses, des Sohnes Josephs, die Männlichen, nach ihren Geschlechtern.

3 Und Zelophchad, der Sohn Hephers, des Sohnes Gileads, des Sohnes Makirs, des Sohnes Manasses, hatte keine Söhne, sondern nur Töchter; und dies sind die Namen seiner Töchter: Machla und Noa, Chogla, Milka und Tirza.

4 Und sie traten herzu vor Eleasar, den Priester, und vor Josua, den Sohn Nuns, und vor die Fürsten, und sprachen: Jehova hat Mose geboten, uns ein Erbteil unter unseren Brüdern zu geben. Und er gab ihnen, nach dem Befehle Jehovas, ein Erbteil unter den Brüdern ihres Vaters.

5 Und so fielen dem Manasse zehn Anteile zu, außer dem Lande Gilead und Basan, das jenseit des Jordan liegt;

6 denn die Töchter Manasses erhielten ein Erbteil unter seinen Söhnen. Das Land Gilead aber wurde den übrigen Söhnen Manasses zuteil.

7 Und die Grenze Manasses war von Aser nach Mikmethath, das vor Sichem liegt; und die Grenze ging nach rechts zu den Bewohnern von En-Tappuach hin.

8 Dem Manasse gehörte das Land Tappuach; aber Tappuach, an der Grenze Manasses, gehörte den Kindern Ephraim.

9 Und die Grenze stieg hinab nach dem Bache Kana, südlich vom Bache. Diese Städte gehörten Ephraim inmitten der Städte Manasses. Und das Gebiet Manasses war nördlich vom Bache, und sein Ausgang war nach dem Meere hin.

10 Gegen Süden gehörte es dem Ephraim, und gegen Norden dem Manasse; und das Meer war seine Grenze. Und gegen Norden stießen sie an Aser, und gegen Osten an Issaschar.

11 Und Manasse erhielt in Issaschar und in Aser: Beth-Schean und seine Tochterstädte, und Jibleam und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von Dor und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von En-Dor und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von Taanak und seine Tochterstädte, und die Bewohner von Megiddo und seine Tochterstädte: das Dreihügelgebiet. -

12 Aber die Kinder Manasse vermochten diese Städte nicht in Besitz zu nehmen, und die Kanaaniter wollten in diesem Lande bleiben.

13 Und es geschah, als die Kinder Israel erstarkten, da machten sie die Kanaaniter fronpflichtig; aber sie trieben sie keineswegs aus.

14 Und die Kinder Joseph redeten zu Josua und sprachen: Warum hast du mir nur ein Los und eine Meßschnur als Erbteil gegeben, da ich doch ein zahlreiches Volk bin, soweit Jehova mich bis jetzt gesegnet hat?

15 Und Josua sprach zu ihnen: Wenn du ein zahlreiches Volk bist, so ziehe in den Wald hinauf und haue dir daselbst aus in dem Lande der Perisiter und der Rephaim, wenn dir das Gebirge Ephraim zu enge ist.

16 Und die Kinder Joseph sprachen: Das Gebirge reicht für uns nicht aus, und bei allen Kanaanitern, die im Tallande wohnen, sind eiserne Wagen: bei denen, die in Beth-Schean und seinen Tochterstädten, und bei denen, die im Tale Jisreel wohnen.

17 Da sprach Josua zum Hause Joseph, zu Ephraim und zu Manasse, und sagte: Du bist ein zahlreiches Volk und hast eine große Kraft; nicht ein Los sollst du haben,

18 sondern das Gebirge soll dir zuteil werden. Da es ein Wald ist, so haue ihn aus, und seine Ausläufer sollen dir gehören; denn du wirst die Kanaaniter austreiben, wenn sie auch eiserne Wagen haben, und wenn sie auch stark sind.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Stamm
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

josephs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Söhne
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

töchter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zehn
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Städte
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

inmitten
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Meere
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Norden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

issaschar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gesegnet
Der Herr ist vollkommene Liebe, ausgedrückt als vollkommene Weisheit. Er hat uns geschaffen, damit Er uns lieben kann, damit Er uns Liebe und Weisheit schenken...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

wald
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

rephaim
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sagte
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

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