Josua 13

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1 Und Josua war alt, wohlbetagt, und Jehova sprach zu ihm: Du bist alt, wohlbetagt, und vom Lande ist sehr viel übrig in Besitz zu nehmen.

2 Dies ist das Land, das noch übrig ist: alle Bezirke der Philister und das ganze Gesuri;

3 von dem Sihor, der vor Ägypten fließt, bis an die Grenze von Ekron gegen Norden, wird es zu den Kanaanitern gerechnet; die fünf Fürsten der Philister: der Gasiter, der Asdoditer, der Askaloniter, der Gathiter und der Ekroniter, und die Awim.

4 Im Süden das ganze Land der Kanaaniter und Meara, das den Zidoniern gehört, bis Aphek, bis an die Grenze der Amoriter;

5 und das Land der Gibliter und der ganze Libanon gegen Sonnenaufgang, von Baal-Gad, am Fuße des Berges Hermon, bis man nach Hamath kommt;

6 alle Bewohner des Gebirges, vom Libanon bis Misrephot-Majim, alle Zidonier. Ich selbst werde sie vor den Kindern Israel austreiben; nur verlose es Israel als Erbteil, so wie ich dir geboten habe.

7 Und nun verteile dieses Land als Erbteil den neun Stämmen und dem halben Stamme Manasse. -

8 Mit ihm haben die Rubeniter und die Gaditer ihr Erbteil empfangen, welches Mose ihnen gegeben hat jenseit des Jordan gegen Osten, so wie Mose, der Knecht Jehovas, es ihnen gegeben hat:

9 von Aroer an, das am Ufer des Flusses Arnon ist, und zwar von der Stadt, die mitten im Flußtale liegt, und die ganze Ebene Medeba bis Dibon,

10 und alle Städte Sihons, des Königs der Amoriter, der zu Hesbon regierte, bis zur Grenze der Kinder Ammon;

11 und Gilead und das Gebiet der Gesuriter und der Maakathiter und den ganzen Berg Hermon und das ganze Basan bis Salka,

12 das ganze Reich Ogs in Basan, der zu Astaroth und zu Edrei regierte; (er war von dem Überrest der Rephaim übriggeblieben;) und Mose schlug sie und trieb sie aus.

13 Aber die Kinder Israel trieben die Gesuriter und die Maakathiter nicht aus; und Gesur und Maakath haben in der Mitte Israels gewohnt bis auf diesen Tag.

14 Nur dem Stamme Levi gab er kein Erbteil; die Feueropfer Jehovas, des Gottes Israels, sind sein Erbteil, so wie er zu ihm geredet hat.

15 Und Mose gab dem Stamme der Kinder Ruben nach ihren Geschlechtern.

16 Und es wurde ihnen als Gebiet zuteil: von Aroer an, das am Ufer des Flusses Arnon ist, und zwar von der Stadt, die mitten im Flußtale liegt, und die ganze Ebene bei Medeba;

17 Hesbon und alle seine Städte, die in der Ebene sind: Dibon und Bamoth-Baal und Beth-Baal-Meon,

18 und Jahza und Kedemoth und Mephaath,

19 und Kirjathaim und Sibma und Zereth-Schachar auf dem Berge der Talebene,

20 und Beth-Peor und die Abhänge des Pisga und Beth-Jesimoth,

21 und alle Städte der Ebene, und das ganze Reich Sihons, des Königs der Amoriter, der zu Hesbon regierte, welchen Mose schlug, ihn und die Fürsten von Midian: Ewi und Rekem und Zur und Hur und Reba, die Herrscher Sihons, Bewohner des Landes.

22 Und Bileam, den Sohn Beors, den Wahrsager, töteten die Kinder Israel mit dem Schwerte, nebst ihren Erschlagenen.

23 Und die Grenze der Kinder Ruben war der Jordan und das Angrenzende. Das war das Erbteil der Kinder Ruben, nach ihren Geschlechtern, die Städte und ihre Dörfer.

24 Und Mose gab dem Stamme Gad, den Kindern Gad, nach ihren Geschlechtern.

25 Und es wurde ihnen als Gebiet zuteil: Jaser und alle Städte Gileads, und die Hälfte des Landes der Kinder Ammon bis Aroer, das vor Rabba liegt;

26 und von Hesbon bis Ramath-Mizpe und Betonim, und von Machanaim bis an die Grenze von Lidebir;

27 und in der Talebene: Beth-Haram und Beth-Nimra und Sukkoth und Zaphon, der Rest von dem Reiche Sihons, des Königs von Hesbon, der Jordan und das Angrenzende bis an das Ende des Sees Kinnereth, jenseit des Jordan gegen Osten.

28 Das war das Erbteil der Kinder Gad nach ihren Geschlechtern, die Städte und ihre Dörfer.

29 Und Mose gab dem halben Stamme Manasse. Und dem halben Stamme der Kinder Manasse wurde nach ihren Geschlechtern zuteil.

30 Und ihr Gebiet war von Machanaim an, das ganze Basan, das ganze Reich Ogs, des Königs von Basan, und alle Dörfer Jairs, die in Basan sind, sechzig Städte.

31 Und das halbe Gilead, und Astaroth und Edrei, die Städte des Reiches Ogs, in Basan, wurden den Söhnen Makirs, des Sohnes Manasses, zuteil, der Hälfte der Söhne Makirs, nach ihren Geschlechtern.

32 Das ist es, was Mose in den Ebenen Moabs als Erbe ausgeteilt hat, jenseit des Jordan von Jericho, gegen Osten.

33 Aber dem Stamme Levi gab Mose kein Erbteil; Jehova, der Gott Israels, ist ihr Erbteil, so wie er zu ihnen geredet hat.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2799, 4117

Enthüllte Offenbarung 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

zu
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

philister
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

sihor
'To drink the waters of Sihor,' as in Jeremiah 2:18, signifies the investigation of spiritual things by the scientific ideas of the natural self.

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Ägypten
In der Bibel bedeutet Ägypten Wissen und die Liebe zur Erkenntnis. In einem guten Sinn bedeutet das Wissen über die Wahrheit vom Herrn durch die...

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Norden
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

fünf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Sonnenaufgang
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

geboten
Ein Befehl ist eine Anweisung, dass etwas getan werden muss, und richtet sich an eine Einzelperson oder an eine Gruppe. Es ist ein Imperativ, keine...

neun
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

stadt
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Städte
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

regierte
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

rephaim
'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

schlug
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

Berge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

midian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

bileam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

der Jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Dörfer
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

jaser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

hälfte
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

rabba
Rabbath

Sukkoth
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

sechzig
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

Söhne
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Ebenen
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

moabs
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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