Josua 12

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Josua 11   Josua 13 →         

1 Und dies sind die Könige des Landes, welche die Kinder Israel schlugen, und deren Land sie in Besitz nahmen jenseit des Jordan, gegen Sonnenaufgang, vom Flusse Arnon bis zum Berge Hermon, und die ganze Ebene gegen Osten:

2 Sihon, der König der Amoriter, der zu Hesbon wohnte; er herrschte von Aroer an, das am Ufer des Flusses Arnon liegt, und zwar von der Mitte des Flußtales an, und über das halbe Gilead bis an den Fluß Jabbok, die Grenze der Kinder Ammon,

3 und über die Ebene bis an den See Kinneroth, gegen Osten, und bis an das Meer der Ebene, das Salzmeer, gegen Osten, nach Beth-Jesimoth hin, und gegen Süden unter den Abhängen des Pisga;

4 und das Gebiet Ogs, des Königs von Basan, von dem Überrest der Rephaim, der zu Astaroth und zu Edrei wohnte;

5 und er herrschte über den Berg Hermon und über Salka und über das ganze Basan, bis an die Grenze der Gesuriter und der Maakathiter, und über das halbe Gilead, die Grenze Sihons, des Königs von Hesbon.

6 Mose, der Knecht Jehovas, und die Kinder Israel schlugen sie; und Mose, der Knecht Jehovas, gab es als Besitztum den Rubenitern und den Gaditern und dem halben Stamme Manasse.

7 Und dies sind die Könige des Landes, welche Josua und die Kinder Israel schlugen diesseit des Jordan, nach Westen hin, von Baal-Gad in der Talebene des Libanon, bis an das kahle Gebirge, das gegen Seir aufsteigt. Und Josua gab es den Stämmen Israels als Besitztum, nach ihren Abteilungen,

8 im Gebirge und in der Niederung und in der Ebene und an den Abhängen und in der Wüste und im Süden: die Hethiter und die Amoriter und die Kanaaniter, die Perisiter, die Hewiter und die Jebusiter:

9 der König von Jericho: einer; der König von Ai, das zur Seite von Bethel liegt, einer;

10 der König von Jerusalem: einer; der König von Hebron: einer;

11 der König von Jarmuth: einer; der König von Lachis: einer;

12 der König von Eglon: einer; der König von Geser: einer;

13 der König von Debir: einer; der König von Geder: einer;

14 der König von Horma: einer; der König von Arad: einer;

15 der König von Libna: einer; der König von Adullam: einer;

16 der König von Makkeda: einer; der König von Bethel: einer;

17 der König von Tappuach: einer; der König von Hepher: einer;

18 der König von Aphek: einer; der König von Lascharon: einer;

19 der König von Madon: einer; der König von Hazor: einer;

20 der König von Schimron-Meron: einer; der König von Akschaph: einer;

21 der König von Taanak: einer; der König von Megiddo: einer;

22 der König von Kedesch: einer; der König von Jokneam, am Karmel: einer;

23 der König von Dor, in dem Hügelgebiet von Dor: einer; der König von Gojim zu Gilgal: einer;

24 der König von Tirza: einer. Aller Könige waren einunddreißig.

← Josua 11   Josua 13 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2913, 3527, 4270

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

4 Mose 21:1, 3, 21, 32:32, 34:11

5 Mose 1:4, 2:32, 3:1, 11, 4:44, 46

Josua 3:10, 16, 6:2, 8:29, 10:23, 28, 29, 30, 33, 38, 39, 40, 11:1, 2, 16, 17, 23, 13:8, 12, 14:3, 18:7, 21:25, 34, 22:4

Richter 1:9, 5:19

1 Koenige 4:10, 12, 19, 14:17

Nehemia 9:24

Psalm 135:11

Významy biblických slov

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Sonnenaufgang
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

Berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

wohnte
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Mitte
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

grenze
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Meer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

rephaim
Giants, as in Genesis 6:4, signify those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence view whatever is holy and true as nothing.

Berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

hethiter
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

einer
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

Seite
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

bethel
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


Přeložit: