Josua 12

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1 Und dies sind die Könige des Landes, welche die Kinder Israel schlugen, und deren Land sie in Besitz nahmen jenseit des Jordan, gegen Sonnenaufgang, vom Flusse Arnon bis zum Berge Hermon, und die ganze Ebene gegen Osten:

2 Sihon, der König der Amoriter, der zu Hesbon wohnte; er herrschte von Aroer an, das am Ufer des Flusses Arnon liegt, und zwar von der Mitte des Flußtales an, und über das halbe Gilead bis an den Fluß Jabbok, die Grenze der Kinder Ammon,

3 und über die Ebene bis an den See Kinneroth, gegen Osten, und bis an das Meer der Ebene, das Salzmeer, gegen Osten, nach Beth-Jesimoth hin, und gegen Süden unter den Abhängen des Pisga;

4 und das Gebiet Ogs, des Königs von Basan, von dem Überrest der Rephaim, der zu Astaroth und zu Edrei wohnte;

5 und er herrschte über den Berg Hermon und über Salka und über das ganze Basan, bis an die Grenze der Gesuriter und der Maakathiter, und über das halbe Gilead, die Grenze Sihons, des Königs von Hesbon.

6 Mose, der Knecht Jehovas, und die Kinder Israel schlugen sie; und Mose, der Knecht Jehovas, gab es als Besitztum den Rubenitern und den Gaditern und dem halben Stamme Manasse.

7 Und dies sind die Könige des Landes, welche Josua und die Kinder Israel schlugen diesseit des Jordan, nach Westen hin, von Baal-Gad in der Talebene des Libanon, bis an das kahle Gebirge, das gegen Seir aufsteigt. Und Josua gab es den Stämmen Israels als Besitztum, nach ihren Abteilungen,

8 im Gebirge und in der Niederung und in der Ebene und an den Abhängen und in der Wüste und im Süden: die Hethiter und die Amoriter und die Kanaaniter, die Perisiter, die Hewiter und die Jebusiter:

9 der König von Jericho: einer; der König von Ai, das zur Seite von Bethel liegt, einer;

10 der König von Jerusalem: einer; der König von Hebron: einer;

11 der König von Jarmuth: einer; der König von Lachis: einer;

12 der König von Eglon: einer; der König von Geser: einer;

13 der König von Debir: einer; der König von Geder: einer;

14 der König von Horma: einer; der König von Arad: einer;

15 der König von Libna: einer; der König von Adullam: einer;

16 der König von Makkeda: einer; der König von Bethel: einer;

17 der König von Tappuach: einer; der König von Hepher: einer;

18 der König von Aphek: einer; der König von Lascharon: einer;

19 der König von Madon: einer; der König von Hazor: einer;

20 der König von Schimron-Meron: einer; der König von Akschaph: einer;

21 der König von Taanak: einer; der König von Megiddo: einer;

22 der König von Kedesch: einer; der König von Jokneam, am Karmel: einer;

23 der König von Dor, in dem Hügelgebiet von Dor: einer; der König von Gojim zu Gilgal: einer;

24 der König von Tirza: einer. Aller Könige waren einunddreißig.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 2913, 3527, 4270

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