Richter 4

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1 Und die Kinder Israel taten wiederum, was böse war in den Augen Jehovas; und Ehud war gestorben.

2 Da verkaufte sie Jehova in die Hand Jabins, des Königs der Kanaaniter, der zu Hazor regierte; und sein Heeroberster war Sisera, und er wohnte zu Haroscheth-Gojim.

3 Und die Kinder Israel schrieen zu Jehova; denn er hatte neunhundert eiserne Wagen, und er bedrückte die Kinder Israel mit Gewalt zwanzig Jahre.

4 Und Debora, eine Prophetin, das Weib Lappidoths, richtete Israel in selbiger Zeit.

5 Und sie wohnte (O. saß zu Gericht) unter der Debora-Palme zwischen ama und Bethel, auf dem Gebirge Ephraim; und die Kinder Israel gingen zu ihr hinauf zu Gericht.

6 Und sie sandte hin und ließ Barak, den Sohn Abinoams, von Kedes-Naphtali, rufen; und sie sprach zu ihm: Hat nicht Jehova, der Gott Israels, geboten: Gehe hin und ziehe auf den Berg Tabor, und nimm mit dir zehntausend Mann von den Kindern Naphtali und von den Kindern Sebulon;

7 und ich werde Sisera, den Heerobersten Jabins, zu dir ziehen an den Bach Kison samt seinen Wagen und seiner Menge, und ich werde ihn in deine Hand geben?

8 Und Barak sprach zu ihr: Wenn du mit mir gehst, so gehe ich; wenn du aber nicht mit mir gehst, so gehe ich nicht:

9 Da sprachen sie: Ich will wohl mit dir gehen; nur daß die Ehre nicht dein sein wird auf dem Wege, den du gehst, denn in die Hand eines Weibes wird Jehova den Sisera verkaufen. Und Debora machte sich auf und ging mit Barak nach Kedes.

10 Und Barak berief Sebulon und Naphtali nach Kedes; und zehntausend Mann zogen in seinem Gefolge hinauf; auch Debora zog mit ihm hinauf.

11 (Heber aber, der Keniter, hatte sich von den Kenitern, (W. von Kain) den Kindern Hobabs, des Schwagers (And.: des Schwiegervaters; vergl. Kap. 1,16) Moses, getrennt; und er hatte seine Zelte aufgeschlagen bis an die Terebinthe zu Zaanannim, das neben Kedes liegt.)

12 Und man berichtete dem Sisera, daß Barak, der Sohn Abinoams, auf den Berg Tabor hinaufgezogen wäre.

13 Da berief Sisera alle seine Wagen, neunhundert eiserne Wagen, und alles Volk, das mit ihm war, von Haroscheth-Gojim an den Bach Kison.

14 Und Debora sprach zu Barak: Mache dich auf! denn dies ist der Tag, da Jehova den Sisera in deine Hand gegeben hat. Ist nicht Jehova ausgezogen vor dir her? Und Barak stieg von dem Berge Tabor hinab, und zehntausend Mann ihm nach.

15 Und Jehova verwirrte Sisera und alle seine Wagen und das ganze Heerlager durch die Schärfe des Schwertes vor Barak her; und Sisera stieg von dem Wagen herab und floh zu Fuß.

16 Barak aber jagte den Wagen und dem Heere nach bis Haroscheth-Gojim; und das ganze Heer Siseras fiel durch die Schärfe des Schwertes: Es blieb auch nicht einer übrig.

17 Und Sisera floh zu Fuß in das Zelt Jaels, des Weibes Hebers, des Keniters; denn es war Friede zwischen Jabin, dem König von Hazor, und dem Hause Hebers, des Keniters.

18 Da ging Jael hinaus, dem Sisera entgegen; und sie sprach zu ihm: Kehre ein, mein Herr, kehre ein zu mir, fürchte dich nicht! Und er kehrte ein zu ihr in das Zelt, und sie bedeckte ihn mit einer Decke.

19 Und er sprach zu ihr: Laß mich doch ein wenig Wasser trinken, denn mich dürstet. Und sie öffnete den Milchschlauch und ließ ihn trinken, und sie deckte ihn zu.

20 Und er sprach zu ihr: Stelle dich an den Eingang des Zeltes; und es geschehe, wenn jemand kommt und dich fragt und spricht: Ist jemand hier? So sage: Niemand.

21 Und Jael, das Weib Hebers, nahm einen Zeltpflock und faßte den Hammer in ihre Hand, und sie kam leise zu ihm und schlug den Pflock durch seine Schläfe, daß er in die Erde drang. Er war nämlich in einen tiefen Schlaf gefallen und war ermattet, und er starb.

22 Und siehe, da kam Barak, der Sisera verfolgte; und Jael ging hinaus, ihm entgegen, und sprach zu ihm: Komm, ich will dir den Mann zeigen, den du suchst! Und er ging zu ihr hinein, und siehe, Sisera lag tot, und der Pflock war in seiner Schläfe.

23 So beugte Gott an selbigem Tage Jabin, den König von Kanaan, vor den Kindern Israel.

24 Und die Hand der Kinder Israel wurde fort und fort härter über Jabin, den König von Kanaan, bis sie Jabin, den König von Kanaan, vernichtet hatten.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

böse
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

hazor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

regierte
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

wohnte
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

zwanzig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

unter
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

ama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

bethel
Als Jakob seinen berühmten Traum hatte, von einer Treppe, die zum Himmel führt, nannte er den Ort "Bethel", was hebräisch für "das Haus Gottes" ist....

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Sohn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

naphtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

zehntausend
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Mann
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Bach
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Wege
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

verkaufen
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

kain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Zelte
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

tag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

Berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

floh
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Fuß
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

Siseras
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

einer
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Zelt
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

herr
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

wasser
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Eingang
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

kommt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

spricht
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

schlug
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

verfolgte
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

zeigen
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

tot
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

tage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

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