Josua 5

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1 Und es geschah, als alle Könige der Amoriter, die diesseit des Jordan westwärts, und alle Könige der Kanaaniter, die am Meere waren, hörten, daß Jehova die Wasser des Jordan vor den Kindern Israel ausgetrocknet hatte, bis wir (Nach and. Lesart: sie) hinübergezogen waren, da zerschmolz ihr Herz, und es war kein Mut mehr in ihnen vor den Kindern Israel.

2 In selbiger Zeit sprach Jehova zu Josua: Mache dir Steinmesser (And. üb.: scharfe Messer) und beschneide wiederum die Kinder Israel zum zweiten Male.

3 Und Josua machte sich Steinmesser und beschnitt die Kinder Israel am Hügel Araloth. (d. h. der Vorhäute)

4 Und dies ist die Sache, warum Josua sie beschnitt: Das ganze Volk, das aus Ägypten gezogen war, die Männlichen, alle Kriegsleute, waren in der Wüste gestorben, auf dem Wege, als sie aus Ägypten zogen.

5 Denn das ganze Volk, welches auszog, war beschnitten; aber das ganze Volk, das in der Wüste geboren war, auf dem Wege, als sie aus Ägypten zogen, hatte man nicht beschnitten.

6 Denn die Kinder Israel wanderten vierzig Jahre in der Wüste, bis die ganze Nation der Kriegsleute, die aus Ägypten gezogen, aufgerieben war, welche nicht gehört hatten auf die Stimme Jehovas, denen Jehova geschworen hatte, sie das Land nicht sehen zu lassen, welches Jehova ihren Vätern geschworen hatte, uns zu geben, ein Land, das von Milch und Honig fließt.

7 Und ihre Söhne, die er an ihrer Statt aufkommen ließ, diese beschnitt Josua; denn sie hatten Vorhaut, weil man sie auf dem Wege nicht beschnitten hatte.

8 Und es geschah, als die ganze Nation vollends beschnitten war, da blieben sie an ihrem Orte im Lager, bis sie heil waren.

9 Und Jehova sprach zu Josua: Heute habe ich die Schande Ägyptens von euch abgewälzt. Und man gab selbigem Orte den Namen Gilgal (Abwälzung) bis auf diesen Tag.

10 Und die Kinder Israel lagerten in Gilgal; und sie feierten das Passah am vierzehnten Tage des Monats, am Abend, in den Ebenen von Jericho.

11 Und sie aßen am anderen Tage nach dem Passah von dem Erzeugnis (O. Getreide) des Landes, ungesäuertes Brot und geröstete Körner, an diesem selbigen Tage.

12 Und das Man hörte auf am anderen Tage, als sie von dem Erzeugnis (O. Getreide) des Landes aßen, und es gab für die Kinder Israel kein Man mehr; und sie aßen von dem Ertrage des Landes Kanaan in jenem Jahre.

13 Und es geschah, als Josua bei Jericho war, da erhob er seine Augen auf und sah: und siehe, ein Mann stand vor ihm, und sein Schwert gezückt in seiner Hand. Und Josua ging auf ihn zu und sprach zu ihm: Bist du für uns oder für unsere Feinde (O. Gehörst du zu uns oder zu unseren Feinden??)

14 Und er sprach: Nein, sondern als der Oberste des Heeres Jehovas bin ich (O. sondern ich bin der Oberste…, ich bin) jetzt gekommen. Da fiel Josua auf sein Angesicht zur Erde und huldigte (Anderswo: sich niederwerfen, anbeten) ihm und sprach zu ihm: Was redet mein Herr zu seinem Knechte?

15 Und der Oberste des Heeres Jehovas sprach zu Josua: Ziehe deinen Schuh aus von deinem Fuße; denn der Ort, auf dem du stehst, ist heilig! Und Josua tat also.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis oder Anhang zur Wahren Christlichen Religion 49

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Významy biblických slov

Könige
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Meere
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

wasser
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

zeit
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Vorhäute
Heaven is filled with the love and delight of marriage, which has its origin in the marriage of love and wisdom in the Lord and...

Ägypten
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Wege
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

beschnitten
The Writings teach that all parts of the human body correspond to spiritual things. That includes the sex organs of both men and women, which...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

gehört
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

geschworen
'To sware' is a binding.

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

sehen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

milch
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

honig
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Söhne
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Lager
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

heute
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Schande
To revile something – or "reproach," as it is often translated – represents making a direct and deliberate attack on what is spiritually true, in...

Ägyptens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

tag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

passah
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

tage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Abend
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Ebenen
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

ungesäuertes
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Augen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

sah
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Stand
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

schwert
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

feinde
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

herr
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

Schuh
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

Ort
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

heilig
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

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