Josua 14

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Elberfelder Bibel (1871)         

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1 Und dies ist es, was die Kinder Israel als Erbe im Lande Kanaan erhielten, was ihnen Eleasar, der Priester, und Josua, der Sohn Nuns, und die Häupter der Väter (d. h. Stamm- oder Familienhäupter; so auch Kap. 21,1 usw.) der Stämme der Kinder Israel ihnen als Erbe austeilten,

2 durch das Los ihres Erbteils; so wie Jehova durch Mose geboten hatte betreffs der neun Stämme und des halben Stammes.

3 Denn das Erbteil der zwei Stämme und des halben Stammes hatte Mose jenseit des Jordan gegeben; den Leviten aber hatte er kein Erbteil in ihrer Mitte gegeben.

4 Denn die Söhne Josephs bildeten zwei Stämme, Manasse und Ephraim; und man gab den Leviten kein Teil im Lande, außer Städten zum Wohnen und deren Bezirken für ihr Vieh und für ihre Habe.

5 So wie Jehova dem Mose geboten hatte, also taten die Kinder Israel, und sie teilten das Land.

6 Und die Kinder Juda traten in Gilgal zu Josua; und Kaleb, der Sohn Jephunnes, der Kenisiter, sprach zu ihm: Du kennst das Wort, welches Jehova zu Mose, dem Manne Gottes, meinet- und deinetwegen in Kades-Barnea geredet hat.

7 Vierzig Jahre war ich alt, als Mose, der Knecht Jehovas, mich von Kades-Barnea aussandte, um das Land auszukundschaften; und ich brachte ihm Antwort, wie es mir ums Herz war.

8 Und meine Brüder, die mit mir hinaufgezogen waren, machten das Herz des Volkes verzagt; ich aber bin Jehova, meinem Gott, völlig nachgefolgt.

9 Da schwur Mose an selbigem Tage und sprach: Wenn nicht das Land, auf welches dein Fuß getreten ist, dir und deinen Söhnen zum Erbteil wird ewiglich! denn du bist Jehova, meinem Gott, völlig nachgefolgt.

10 Und nun siehe, Jehova hat mich am Leben erhalten, so wie er geredet hat, diese 45 Jahre, seitdem Jehova dieses Wort zu Mose geredet hat, als Israel in der Wüste umherwanderte; und nun siehe, ich bin heute 85 Jahre alt.

11 Ich bin heute noch so stark wie an dem Tage, da Mose mich aussandte; wie meine Kraft damals, so ist meine Kraft jetzt zum Streite und um aus- und einzuziehen.

12 Und nun gib mir dieses Gebirge, von welchem Jehova an jenem Tage geredet hat; denn du hast an jenem Tage gehört, daß die Enakim daselbst sind und große, feste Städte. Vielleicht ist Jehova mit mir, daß ich sie austreibe, so wie Jehova geredet hat.

13 Und Josua segnete ihn und gab dem Kaleb, dem Sohne Jephunnes, Hebron zum Erbteil.

14 Daher ward Hebron dem Kaleb, dem Sohne Jephunnes, dem Kenisiter, zum Erbteil bis auf diesen Tag, weil er Jehova, dem Gott Israels, völlig nachgefolgt war.

15 Der Name Hebrons war aber vordem: Stadt Arbas; (H. Kirjath-Arba; vergl. 1. Mose 23,2;35,27) er war der größte Mann unter den Enakim. -Und das Land hatte uhe vom Kriege.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1616, 2909, 3862

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Významy biblických slov

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Priester
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Sohn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Stamm
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

los
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mose
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

neun
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

zwei
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

gegeben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Mitte
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

josephs
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

wohnen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

Vieh
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

sprach
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

alt
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Brüder
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

Herz
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

gott
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Fuß
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

heute
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

jenem
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

gehört
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Städte
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

hebrons
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

größte
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Kriege
Krieg im Wort steht für den Kampf gegen die Versuchung, wenn das Gute von dem Bösen oder Falschen angegriffen wird. Das Böse, das angreift, kommt...

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