1 Mose 45



1 Da konnte Joseph sich nicht mehr bezwingen vor allen, die um ihn standen, und er rief: Laßt jedermann von mir hinausgehen! Und es stand niemand bei ihm, als Joseph sich seinen Brüdern zu erkennen gab.

2 Und er erhob seine Stimme mit Weinen; und die Ägypter hörten es, und das Haus des Pharao hörte es.

3 Und Joseph sprach zu seinen Brüdern: Ich bin Joseph. Lebt mein Vater noch? Und seine Brüder konnten ihm nicht antworten, denn sie waren bestürzt (O. schraken zurück) vor ihm.

4 Da sprach Joseph zu seinen Brüdern: Tretet doch zu mir her! Und sie traten herzu. Und er sprach: Ich bin Joseph, euer Bruder, den ihr nach Ägypten verkauft habt.

5 Und nun betrübet euch nicht, und es entbrenne nicht in euren Augen, daß ihr mich hierher verkauft habt; denn zur Erhaltung des Lebens hat Gott mich vor euch hergesandt.

6 Denn schon zwei Jahre ist die Hungersnot im Lande, und noch sind fünf Jahre, daß kein Pflügen noch Ernten sein wird.

7 Und Gott hat mich vor euch hergesandt, um euch einen Überrest zu setzen auf Erden und euch am Leben zu erhalten für (And.: durch) eine große Errettung.

8 Und nun, nicht ihr habt mich hierher gesandt, sondern Gott; und er hat mich zum Vater des Pharao gemacht und zum Herrn seines ganzen Hauses und zum Herrscher über das ganze Land Ägypten.

9 Eilet und ziehet hinauf zu meinem Vater und sprechet zu ihm: So spricht dein Sohn Joseph: Gott hat mich zum Herrn von ganz Ägypten gemacht; komm zu mir herab, säume nicht!

10 Und du sollst im Lande Gosen wohnen und nahe bei mir sein, du und deine Söhne und die Söhne deiner Söhne und dein Kleinvieh und deine inder und alles was du hast.

11 Und ich will dich daselbst versorgen, denn noch fünf Jahre ist Hungersnot; daß du nicht verarmest, du und dein Haus und alles, was du hast.

12 Und siehe, eure Augen sehen es und die Augen meines Bruders Benjamin, daß mein Mund es ist, der zu euch redet.

13 Und berichtet meinem Vater alle meine Herrlichkeit in Ägypten und alles was ihr gesehen habt; und eilet und bringet meinen Vater hierher herab.

14 Und er fiel seinem Bruder Benjamin um den Hals und weinte; und Benjamin weinte an seinem Halse.

15 Und er küßte alle seine Brüder und weinte an ihnen; und danach redeten seine Brüder mit ihm.

16 Und das Gerücht wurde im Hause des Pharao gehört, indem man sprach: Josephs Brüder sind gekommen! Und es war gut in den Augen des Pharao und in den Augen seiner Knechte.

17 Und der Pharao sprach zu Joseph: Sage deinen Brüdern: Tut dieses: Beladet eure Tiere und ziehet hin, gehet nach dem Lande Kanaan,

18 und nehmet euren Vater und eure Haushaltungen und kommet zu mir; und ich will euch das Beste des Landes Ägypten geben, und ihr sollt das Fett des Landes essen.

19 Und du bist beauftragt: Tut dieses: Nehmet euch aus dem Lande Ägypten Wagen für eure Kinder und für eure Weiber, und holet euren Vater und kommet.

20 Und laßt es euch nicht leid sein um euren Hausrat, denn das Beste des ganzen Landes Ägypten soll euer sein.

21 Und die Söhne Israels taten also, und Joseph gab ihnen Wagen nach dem Befehl des Pharao und gab ihnen Zehrung auf den Weg.

22 Er gab ihnen allen, einem jeden, Wechselkleider, und Benjamin gab er dreihundert Silbersekel und fünf Wechselkleider.

23 Und seinem Vater sandte er dieses: (O. desgleichen) zehn Esel, beladen mit dem Besten Ägyptens, und zehn Eselinnen, beladen mit Getreide und Brot und Nahrung für seinen Vater auf den Weg.

24 Und er entließ seine Brüder, und sie zogen hin; und er sprach zu ihnen: Erzürnet euch nicht auf dem Wege!

25 Und sie zogen aus Ägypten hinauf und kamen in das Land Kanaan zu ihrem Vater Jakob.

26 Und sie berichteten ihm und sprachen: Joseph lebt noch, und er ist Herrscher über das ganze Land Ägypten. Da erstarrte sein Herz, denn er glaubte ihnen nicht.

27 Und sie redeten zu ihm alle Worte Josephs, die er zu ihnen geredet hatte; und er sah die Wagen, die Joseph gesandt hatte, ihn zu holen. Und der Geist ihres Vaters Jakob lebte auf;

28 und Israel sprach: Genug! Joseph, mein Sohn, lebt noch! Ich will hinziehen und ihn sehen, ehe ich sterbe.


Exploring the Meaning of 1 Mose 45      

Napsal(a) Helen Kennedy

Genesis 45

In this chapter, we have a story that tells us about the way that our inner self can get to be "at one" again with our more external self.

1. Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, “Make everyone go from me. So no one stood with him while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

In Verse 1, Joseph represents the innermost heavenly part of us. See Arcana Coelestia 5868. “Could not refrain himself,” shows the desire and urgency that our inner spirit has to flow into the external or most troubled parts of us. When Joseph cries out for everyone to leave the room, it shows how all non-essential things are banished to the sidelines.

In Verse 2, Joseph weeps aloud. This is a metaphor that shows the great joy that the inmost heavenly part of our mind experiences when it is conjoined with our outer self. This strong emotion shows the depth of the Lord's merciful love, and the house of Pharaoh hearing it shows that it is felt throughout the whole of the natural mind.

In Verse 3, when Joseph says to his brothers, "I am Joseph; is my father still alive?", they can't answer him. They're troubled. Why? Our natural self perceives the movement of the inner spiritual self, but instead of being filled with joy, it experiences turmoil and confusion. This new opening to deeper things is going to change things; our natural self is going to be ashamed of the way it has been treating spiritual things.

When, in Verse 4, Joseph asks his brothers to come closer to him, this symbolizes our inner spirit becoming more apparent to the external or natural part of us. The brothers go closer, indicating that the natural is starting to better grasp the new situation.

It's the affection of truth which allows us to love others. The brothers, when they sold Joseph into Egypt as a slave, showed how our outermost mind starts with little or no affection or love for inner spiritual things.

But the Lord works with us. Our inner spiritual mind gets sent to Egypt, but Providence is working all the time, long before we are aware of it. In Verse 5, Joseph urges his brothers not to worry. Our inner spirit does not want us to have anxiety in our hearts about this past alienation.

The famine in the land indicates the severe lack of good in the natural or outer self. There are still five years to go, which shows the length of time before the remnants of good and truth the Lord has instilled in us while we were young will be able to shine forth. Still, at this point, two years in, something is happening. Those remnants are starting to be taken out from our innermost recesses of mind, where they have been stored.

In Verse 7, that "God sent me before you to preserve a posterity for you in the earth," is the inner self assuring our natural self that Providence is taking care of things, that the stored remnants of good and truth are enough to seed the future.

Before the deepest spiritual levels can reveal themselves as part of our lives, we need to be instructed in factual knowledge and other natural truths, all represented by the Pharoah and Egypt. However, these naturals truths depend on spiritual truths for their existence. That's what is meant in Verse 8, when it says that Joseph was “a father to Pharoah.”

In Verse 9, hastening or hurrying shows a joyful desire for connection. For the brothers to go back to their father and tel him about Joseph shows how a deeper, inner level that we thought was long lost can speak to us again.

“Come down to me; and do not tarry,” again shows the enthusiasm and happiness of the inner spirit at the possibility of being joined with the natural, outer self. “God has made me lord of all Egypt” emphasizes that our natural selves need to act in accordance with the more profound, inner things.

Dwelling together in the land of Goshen, in Verse 10, with the children and grandchildren, illustrates that in this new state, the spiritual and natural will be joined together forever and not separated again.

In Verse 11, we're given an image of how the spiritual always provides for and nourishes life on the natural level.

Verse 12 is a reassurance that what Joseph is saying is true. Joseph emphasizes it by saying, “And the eyes of my brother, Benjamin”. Benjamin signifies an intermediary between the deepest levels meant by Joseph and the outermost levels meant by Joseph’s brothers.

In Verse 13, the reference to glory is made, because when the natural level perceives something from the spiritual level it comes with light, brilliance and radiance. Joseph's urging his brothers to bring their father to him is another example of how, with love and emotion, the spiritual within us can barely contain its joy.

In verses 14 and, 15, Joseph and Benjamin weeping while holding one another gives a profound image of how deeply and completely the Lord desires to be united with us. Joseph’s brothers being able to talk with him comes in the aftermath of the outer or natural’s acceptance of deeper truths and realities, and there being a communication between inner and outer things.

In Verse 16, it says that the report of these events "was heard in Pharoah’s house, saying, Joseph’s brothers have come: so it pleased Pharoah and his servants well." The deeper truths have infilled the natural and there is joy everywhere, even down to the lowest things, meant here by Pharoah’s servants.

In Verse 17, Pharaoh says to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and depart; go to the land of Canaan. The phrase “Pharoah said,” means that it was done. Factual knowledges or outward truths, which are vessels for inner truths, were being filled with good or affection, which is represented by loading the animals.

In Verse 18, Joseph tells his brothers to bring their father and their households to him. This shows how inner truths are drawing closer to outward or factual knowledge. For example, a person may know the fact that life continues after death. By the brothers bringing their father and their households, the person becomes aware of that reality and rejoices that it’s true. “Eating the fat of the land” signifies a person making that truth their own or really believing it.

Being commanded, in Verse 19, means that a person needs to will this, do this, believe this. The truths that infill our natural facts are described as ‘doctrines’ which will teach the “little ones, and your wives,” or people who do not already know of these truths and their inner realities. “Bringing Joseph’s father” completes the reality because he represents the spiritual good which the truths must look towards.

Verse 20 is an admonition for us to let go of our former things, the things we thought were important in our lives. The best of all of Egypt will be given to us, and instead of just empty, factual knowledge, our knowledges will be filled with inner, deeper truths that look to good as their end. For example, instead of knowing we need to be kind to others, we will actually hold charitable thoughts and intend kind and good things towards others.

In Verse 21, when we obey and start the journey, we put things into effect; spiritual things can start flowing into the natural. We receive truths that are pleasing to use, and the support we need to use the newer truths in their lives.

22 He gave to all of them, to each man, changes of garments; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of garments.

In Verse 22, the garments, like the provisions for the journey, show that Joseph provided all the things the brothers might need to make their journey. Clothes here mean truths which are new or enlivened by good. The love which Joseph has for Benjamin serves as an intermediary; the truth represented by the silver is a more interior conjunction. Anything with the number three, or a combination of it, means what is complete.

In Verse 23, these gifts which were freely given represent the things that flow freely from the Lord through the spirit into our natural minds. The things of Egypt are factual knowledges that serve our spiritual life. The male and female donkeys represent truths and goods, respectively.

In Verse 24, when Joseph sends his brothers away, it means that our inner life passes through changes - this time referring to a state when it becomes less apparent and seemingly concealed from us. “See that you do not become troubled along the way” shows the desire of the inner spirit for our natural self to not be disturbed or troubled when this happens. It seems like the Lord is saying to us here, that even though we can’t see Him, we can remain peaceful because He really is still there.

In Verse 25, the brothers leave Egypt. They return to Jacob, who represents natural, but not spiritual good. (When Jacob's name is changed to "Israel", this represents a change of state from the natural to the spiritual.)

When, in Verse 26, the brothers tell Jacob that Joseph is still alive, it represents that natural part of us being told that spiritual states, or more inward things, are real or alive. That Joseph is governor of Egypt shows that inner spiritual things have power over outer, natural ones. Jacob's disbelief and fainting shows a lack of understanding in out natural minds, about how all this could be so.

The natural mind comes around. In Verse 27, being told “all the words of Joseph” shows an influx of inner spiritual things into the natural. Seeing “the wagons which Joseph had sent” shows a dawning awareness. Being revived shows that our natural mind begins to be able to experience a new goodness of life.

In Verse 28, Israel (not Jacob!) says, "It is enough; Joseph my son is still alive: I will go and see him before I die."

The use of the name Israel shows that now good from the inner states is being made a part of our lives. Our joy comes from learning that spiritual things which were concealed were not really lost. “I will go and see him” being said shows an immediate willingness and eagerness to experience the deeper, inner things of our spiritual life.

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