Amos 2

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1 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Moab und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil es die Gebeine des Königs von Edom zu Kalk verbrannt hat,

2 so werde ich ein Feuer senden nach Moab, und es wird die Paläste von Kerijoth verzehren; und Moab wird sterben im Getümmel, unter Kriegsgeschrei, unter Posaunenschall;

3 und ich werde den ichter ausrotten aus seiner Mitte und alle seine Fürsten mit ihm umbringen, spricht Jehova.

4 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Juda und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil sie das Gesetz Jehovas verworfen und seine Satzungen nicht bewahrt haben, und ihre Lügen sie verführten, denen ihre Väter nachgewandelt sind,

5 so werde ich ein Feuer senden nach Juda, und es wird die Paläste Jerusalems verzehren.

6 So spricht Jehova: Wegen drei Freveltaten von Israel und wegen vier werde ich es nicht rückgängig machen: Weil sie den Gerechten für Geld und den Dürftigen um ein Paar Schuhe verkaufen;

7 sie, welche danach lechzen, den Staub der Erde auf dem Haupte der Armen zu sehen, und den Weg der Sanftmütigen (O. Demütigen) krümmen; und ein Mann und sein Vater gehen zu derselben Dirne, um meinen heiligen Namen zu entweihen;

8 und neben jedem Altare strecken sie sich hin auf gepfändeten Oberkleidern, (Vergl. 2. Mose 22,26. 27; 5. Mose 24,12. 13.) und im Hause ihres Gottes trinken sie Wein von Strafgeldern (W. Wein der an Geld Gestraften.)

9 Und doch habe ich den Amoriter vor ihnen vertilgt, dessen Höhe wie die Höhe der Cedern war, und er war stark wie die Eichen; und ich habe seine Frucht vertilgt von oben und seine Wurzeln von unten.

10 Und doch habe ich euch aus dem Lande Ägypten heraufgeführt und euch vierzig Jahre in der Wüste geleitet, damit ihr das Land des Amoriters in Besitz nähmet.

11 Und ich habe Propheten erweckt aus euren Söhnen und Nasiräer aus euren Jünglingen. Ja, ist es nicht also, ihr Kinder Israel, spricht Jehova (Eig. ist der Spruch Jehovas; so auch nachher?)

12 Aber ihr habt den Nasiräern Wein zu trinken gegeben, und den Propheten geboten und gesagt: Ihr sollt nicht weissagen! -

13 Siehe, ich werde euch niederdrücken, wie der Wagen drückt, der voll Garben ist.

14 Und dem Schnellen wird die Flucht entschwinden; und der Starke wird seine Kraft nicht befestigen, und der Held sein Leben nicht erretten;

15 und der den Bogen führt, wird nicht standhalten; und der Schnellfüßige wird nicht entrinnen, und der auf dem osse reitet sein Leben nicht erretten;

16 und der Beherzteste unter den Helden wird nackt entfliehen an jenem Tage, spricht Jehova.


Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

Napsal(a) E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 2      

Napsal(a) E. Taylor and Helen Kennedy

In the Book of Amos, chapter two begins with the Lord declaring his anger against the people of Moab, Judea, and Israel. They have committed various wrongs against the Lord and the church, despite His efforts to guide them, and the chapter goes on to suggest that the Lord is losing faith in His people.

Verses 1-8 of this chapter describe the specific ways in which people can destroy or misuse the good and truth of the Word.

Verses 1-3 discuss the Moabites specifically. They represent people who corrupt the good and truth of the church, meaning they would twist what they learned from the Word to suit their own selfish purposes. Bones represent natural truths that we can use as a framework to support all higher knowledge that we learn, so the fact that people were ‘burning bones’ means they destroyed their own foundation to gain spiritual knowledge. In verse 3, the Lord says that he will cut off the judge and the prince, meaning that the Moabites’ failure to determine what is good (like the judge), and lead a life based in truth (like the prince) will not stand against the real spiritual principles of the Lord.

Verses 4-5 are about people who destroy celestial things from the Word, by turning their hearts away from the Lord. The people of Judea had believed they were the Lord’s chosen people for so many generations at this point that they grew complacent, and no longer felt they needed to obey the Lord’s commandments.

Verses 6-8 tell what can happen when people pervert spiritual truths from the church, and turn them into falsities. Swedenborg writes that most of the images from these verses - silver, shoes, dust, wine - can all represent either falsity, or only the most external type of truth. The Israelites were turning to these falsities and to their own greed, instead of using the Lord’s truths to help the poor and the meek.

In verses 9-11, the Lord reminds the children of Israel of everything he has done to prepare them for salvation. He fought for them and delivered them from Egypt, lifted up their leaders and prophets, and provided them with the truths they would need in order to be regenerated.

He also shows that He has the strength to punish them, because He’s already overcome the Amorites, who symbolize evil in general (Secrets of Heaven 6306).

Verses 12-16 describe how the Israelites perverted the knowledge the Lord tried to give them. Instead of trusting what the Lord had taught them, they turned to their own self-righteousness for guidance. Since they thought they had all the answers, they corrupted the Nazarites and silenced the prophets. Without a proper understanding of the Lord’s teachings, the people were no longer equipped to fight against evils or to grow spiritually.

At face value, this chapter depicts the Lord as an angry god who will punish those who disobey him. What seems to be anger is actually the Lord fiercely protecting us, and calling us to follow Him. This chapter reminds us to turn our hearts toward the Lord, and to live according to the truths of the Word.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 202


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 348, 1857, 3881, 6306, 6377, 9489, 10303

Enthüllte Offenbarung 316

Die Lehre vom Herrn 4


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 315, 355, 357, 376, 532, 633, 783

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

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Významy biblických slov

spricht
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

drei
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

machen
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

Gebeine
Die Knochen sind stark und unterstützend, sie bilden einen Rahmen für unseren Körper und ermöglichen Bewegung und Aktion. Sie sind auch der am wenigsten "lebendige"...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

feuer
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

senden
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Paläste
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

sterben
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

lügen
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

väter
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

jerusalems
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Geld
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Schuhe
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

verkaufen
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

Staub
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

Erde
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Weg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

Mann
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Vater
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

dirne
The damsels of Rebecca, in Genesis 24:61, signify subservient affections. See Daughter.

Namen
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Hause
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

gottes
Der Herr ist die Liebe selbst, ausgedrückt in der Form der Weisheit selbst. Die Liebe ist also sein Wesen, sein Innerstes. Die Weisheit - das...

trinken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

wein
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

stark
In the Word, people who trust to themselves and their own intelligence are sometimes called 'strong,' as in Isaiah 1:31. This is because they suppose...

frucht
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

wurzeln
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

unten
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

Land
"Erde" kann in der Bibel eine Person oder eine Gruppe von Gleichgesinnten wie in einer Kirche bedeuten. Aber sie bezieht sich speziell auf das Äußere...

Ägypten
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

vierzig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

wüste
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Propheten
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Kinder
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

geboten
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Voll
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

bogen
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

nackt
Clothing in general represents day-to-day knowledge about spiritual things, held in the memory so it can be used for the goodness of life. For someone...

jenem
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

tage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


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