1 Samuel 8

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1 Und es geschah, als Samuel alt geworden war, da setzte er seine Söhne als ichter ein über Israel.

2 Und der Name seines erstgeborenen Sohnes war Joel, und der Name seines zweiten Abija; sie richteten zu Beerseba.

3 Aber seine Söhne wandelten nicht in seinen Wegen; und sie neigten sich dem Gewinne nach und nahmen Geschenke und beugten das echt.

4 Da versammelten sich alle Ältesten von Israel und kamen zu Samuel nach ama;

5 und sie sprachen zu ihm: Siehe, du bist alt geworden, und deine Söhne wandeln nicht in deinen Wegen. Nun setze einen König über uns ein, daß er uns richte, gleich allen Nationen.

6 Und das Wort war übel in den Augen Samuels, als sie sprachen: Gib uns einen König, daß er uns richte! Und Samuel betete zu Jehova.

7 Und Jehova sprach zu Samuel: Höre auf die Stimme des Volkes in allem, was sie dir sagen; denn nicht dich haben sie verworfen, sondern mich haben sie verworfen, daß ich nicht König über sie sein soll.

8 Nach allen den Taten, die sie getan von dem Tage an, da ich sie aus Ägypten heraufgeführt habe, bis auf diesen Tag, indem sie mich verlassen und anderen Göttern gedient haben, also tun sie auch dir.

9 Und nun höre auf ihre Stimme; nur zeuge ernstlich wider sie (O. verwarne sie ernstlich) und tue ihnen die Weise (O. das echt) des Königs kund, der über sie herrschen wird.

10 Und Samuel sprach alle Worte Jehovas zu dem Volke, das einen König von ihm begehrte.

11 Und er sprach: Dies wird die Weise (O. das echt) des Königs sein, der über euch regieren wird: Eure Söhne wird er nehmen und für sich bestellen auf seinen Wagen und unter seine eiter, und daß sie vor seinem Wagen herlaufen;

12 und er wird sie nehmen, um sich Oberste über tausend und Oberste über fünfzig zu machen, und daß sie seine Äcker pflügen und seine Ernte einbringen, und daß sie sein Kriegsgerät und sein Wagengerät machen.

13 Und eure Töchter wird er nehmen zu Salbenmischerinnen und zu Köchinnen und zu Bäckerinnen.

14 Und eure Felder und eure Weinberge und eure Olivengärten, die besten, wird er nehmen und sie seinen Knechten geben.

15 Und von euren Saaten und euren Weinbergen wird er den Zehnten nehmen und ihn seinen Kämmerern (O. Hofbeamten) und seinen Knechten geben.

16 Und eure Knechte und eure Mägde und eure schönsten Jünglinge und eure Esel wird er nehmen und sie zu seinen Geschäften verwenden.

17 Euer Kleinvieh wird er zehnten, und ihr, ihr werdet ihm zu Knechten sein.

18 Und ihr werdet an jenem Tage schreien wegen eures Königs, den ihr euch erwählt habt; aber Jehova wird euch an jenem Tage nicht erhören.

19 Aber das Volk weigerte sich, auf die Stimme Samuels zu hören; und sie sprachen: Nein, sondern ein König soll über uns sein,

20 damit auch wir seien wie alle Nationen, und daß unser König uns richte und vor uns her ausziehe und unsere Kriege führe.

21 Und Samuel hörte alle die eden des Volkes und redete sie vor den Ohren Jehovas.

22 Und Jehova sprach zu Samuel: Höre auf ihre Stimme und setze einen König über sie ein. Da sprach Samuel zu den Männern von Israel: Gehet hin, ein jeder in seine Stadt.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Die Himmlischen Geheimnisse 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Hesekiel 8:18

Hosea 13:10

Mica 3:4, 11

Matthaeus 20:25

Apostelgeschichte 13:21

Významy biblických slov

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

alt
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

Söhne
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

nach
Laut Swedenborg existieren Zeit und Raum nicht in der spirituellen Realität; sie sind rein natürliche Dinge, die nur auf der physischen Ebene existieren. Das bedeutet,...

ama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

König
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Nationen
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

wort
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

samuels
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

jehova
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

sprach
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stimme
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

sagen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tage
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Ägypten
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

königs
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

jehovas
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Vor
In den meisten Fällen ist die Bedeutung von "vorher" ziemlich einfach, sowohl als eine Art der Beurteilung der relativen Zeit, als auch in der Verwendung...

tausend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

fünfzig
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

Pflügen
'Ploughing' denotes preparation for good to receive truths.

Ernte
'A harvest' symbolizes the state of the church with respect to Divine truth. The reason is that a harvest yields the grain used to make...

töchter
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

Felder
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

weinberge
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

geben
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

esel
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

jenem
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

hören
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Kriege
Krieg im Wort steht für den Kampf gegen die Versuchung, wenn das Gute von dem Bösen oder Falschen angegriffen wird. Das Böse, das angreift, kommt...

stadt
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

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