Michée 7

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1 Malheur à moi! car je suis comme quand on a cueilli les fruits d'Eté, et les grappillages de la vendange; il n'y a point de grappe pour manger, et mon âme désirait des premiers fruits.

2 Le débonnaire est péri de dessus la terre, et il n'y a pas un homme juste entre les hommes; ils sont tous en embûche pour verser le sang, chacun chasse après son frère avec des filets.

3 Pour faire du mal avec les [deux] mains; le Gouverneur exige, et le Juge [court] après la récompense, et les grands ne parlent que des outrages qu'ils souhaitent, et qu'ils entortillent.

4 Le plus homme de bien d'entre eux est comme une ronce, et le plus juste est pire qu'une haie d'épines : ta visitation, qui est le jour de tes surveillants, est venue, [et] leur perplexité sera bientôt.

5 Ne croyez point à [votre intime] ami, et ne vous confiez point en vos conducteurs; garde-toi d'ouvrir ta bouche devant la [femme] qui dort en ton sein.

6 Car le fils déshonore le père, la fille s'élève contre sa mère, la belle-fille contre sa belle-mère, et les domestiques de chacun sont ses ennemis.

7 Mais moi, je serai au guet, attendant l'Eternel; j'attendrai le Dieu de mon salut; mon Dieu m'exaucera.

8 Toi, mon ennemie, ne te réjouis point sur moi ; si je suis tombée, je me relèverai; si j'ai été gisante dans les ténèbres, l'Eternel m'éclairera.

9 Je porterai l'indignation de l'Eternel, parce que j'ai péché contre lui, jusqu'à ce qu'il ait défendu ma cause, et qu'il m'ait fait justice; il me conduira à la lumière, je verrai sa justice.

10 Et mon ennemie le verra, et la honte la couvrira; celle qui me disait : Où est l'Eternel, ton Dieu? mes yeux la verront, et elle sera bientôt pour être foulée comme la boue des rues.

11 Au temps qu'il rebâtira tes cloisons, en ce temps là les édits seront étendus au loin.

12 En ce temps-là on viendra jusqu'à toi, même d'Assyrie et des villes fortes, et depuis les villes fortes jusqu'au fleuve, et depuis une mer jusqu'à l'autre, et depuis une montagne jusqu'à l'autre montagne;

13 Après que le pays aura été en désolation à cause de ses habitants, et pour le fruit de leurs actions.

14 Pais avec ta houlette ton peuple, le troupeau de ton héritage, qui demeure seul dans les forêts au milieu de Carmel; et fais qu'ils paissent en Basan et en Galaad, comme au temps d'autrefois.

15 Je lui ferai voir des choses merveilleuses, comme au temps que tu sortis du pays d'Egypte.

16 Les nations le verront, et elles seront honteuses avec toute leur force; elles mettront la main sur la bouche, et leurs oreilles seront sourdes.

17 Elles lécheront la poudre comme le serpent, et trembleront dans leurs enclos comme les reptiles de la terre; elles accourront tout effrayées vers l'Eternel, notre Dieu, et te craindront.

18 Qui est le [Dieu] Fort comme toi, [qui es un Dieu] qui ôte l'iniquité, et qui passe par-dessus les péchés du reste de son héritage? Il ne tient point à toujours sa colère, parce qu'il se plaît en la gratuité.

19 Il aura encore compassion de nous; il effacera nos iniquités, et jettera tous nos péchés au fond de la mer.

20 Tu maintiendras ta vérité à Jacob, et ta gratuité à Abraham, laquelle tu as jurée à nos pères dès les siècles passés.



Exploring the Meaning of Michée 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 221


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 120, 249, 348, 1071, 1165, 1178, 1186, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 383, 413, 444, 455, 485, 501, 503, ...

Doctrine de a Nouvelle Jérusalem sur Le Seigneur 4

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 85

True Christian Religion 51


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 482, 526, 538, 569, 581, 632, 652, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 51

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 57, 76

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Významy biblických slov

grappillages
A cluster denotes live truth of spiritual good, and grapes, the good of celestial truth. (Gen. 40:10.)

Grappe
A cluster denotes live truth of spiritual good, and grapes, the good of celestial truth. (Gen. 40:10.)

manger
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Terre
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

chasse
'To hunt' signifies in general 'persuading,' and in particular, 'to captivate and ensnare people's minds,' by flattering them in the pursuit of the things of...

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

mal
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Bien
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

visitation
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

d'ouvrir
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

ouvrir
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Sein
"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

fille
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

ténèbres
Les "ténèbres" sont un état sans lumière. La "lumière" est la vérité venant du Seigneur, alors l'"obscurité" représente un état où la vérité fait défaut....

Justice
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

lumière
4 novembre 1879 : Thomas Edison dépose un brevet pour une ampoule à longue durée de vie. 5 novembre 1879 : L'ampoule était universellement acceptée...

la honte
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

honte
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

des rues
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

fleuve
'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

Troupeau
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

les forêts
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

au milieu de
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

voir
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Egypte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

Nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Poudre
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

Serpent
Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...

iniquité
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

qui passe
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

colère
La colère est une émotion si commune aux gens qu'elle ne nécessite aucune définition. Cependant, quelques points d'intérêt peuvent être soulevés. 1) Le Seigneur n'est...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

iniquités
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

péchés
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

vérité
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Abraham
Abraham (ou Abram, comme il est nommé au début de son histoire) est l'un des personnages principaux de l'histoire des écritures sacrées. Il est l'ancêtre...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


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