Lamentations 2

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 [Aleph.] Comment est-il arrivé que le Seigneur a couvert de sa colère la fille de Sion tout à l’entour, comme d’une nuée, et qu’il a jeté des cieux en terre l’ornement d’Israël, et ne s’est point souvenu au jour de sa colère du marchepied de ses pieds?

2 [Beth.] Le Seigneur a abîmé, et n’a point épargné toutes les habitations de Jacob, il a ruiné par sa fureur les forteresses de la fille de Juda, [et] l’a jetée par terre; il a profané le Royaume et ses principaux.

3 [Guimel.] Il a retranché toute la force d’Israël par l’ardeur de sa colère; il a retiré sa dextre en arrière de devant l’ennemi; il s’est allumé dans Jacob comme un feu flamboyant, qui l’a consumé tout à l’environ.

4 [Daleth.] Il a tendu son arc comme un ennemi; sa dextre y a été appliquée comme celle d’un adversaire; et il a tué tout ce qui était agréable à l’œil dans le tabernacle de la fille de Sion; il a répandu sa fureur comme un feu.

5 [He.] Le Seigneur a été comme un ennemi ; il a abîmé Israël, il a abîmé tous ses palais, il a dissipé toutes ses forteresses, et il a multiplié dans la fille de Juda le deuil et l’affliction.

6 [Vau.] Il a mis en pièces avec violence son domicile, comme [la cabane] d’un jardin; il a détruit le lieu de son Assemblée; l’Eternel a fait oublier dans Sion la fête solennelle et le Sabbat, et il a rejeté dans l’indignation de sa colère le Roi et le Sacrificateur.

7 [Zajin.] Le Seigneur a rejeté au loin son autel, il a détruit son Sanctuaire; il a livré en la main de l’ennemi les murailles de ses palais; ils ont jeté leurs cris dans la maison de l’Eternel comme aux jours des fêtes solennelles.

8 [Heth.] L’Eternel s’est proposé de détruire la muraille de la fille de Sion; il y a étendu le cordeau, et il n’a point retenu sa main qu’il ne l’ait abîmée; et il a rendu désolé l’avant-mur, et la muraille, ils ont été détruits tous ensemble.

9 [Theth.] Ses portes sont enfoncées en terre, il a détruit et brisé ses barres; son Roi et ses principaux sont parmi les nations; la Loi n’[est] plus, même ses Prophètes n’ont trouvé aucune vision de par l’Eternel.

10 [Jod.] Les Anciens de la fille de Sion sont assis à terre, [et] se taisent; ils ont mis de la poudre sur leur tête, ils se sont ceints de sacs; les vierges de Jérusalem baissent leurs têtes vers la terre.

11 [Caph.] Mes yeux sont consumés à force de larmes, mes entrailles bruient, mon foie s’est répandu en terre, à cause de la plaie de la fille de mon peuple, parce que les petits enfants et ceux qui têtaient sont pâmés dans les places de la ville.

12 [Lamed.] Ils ont dit à leurs mères : où [est] le froment et le vin? lorsqu’ils tombaient en faiblesse dans les places de la ville, comme un homme blessé à mort, et qu’ils rendaient l’esprit au sein de leurs mères.

13 [Mem] Qui prendrai-je à témoin envers toi? Qui comparerai-je avec toi, fille de Jérusalem, et qui est-ce que je t’égalerai, afin que je te console, vierge fille de Sion; car ta plaie est grande comme une mer? Qui est celui qui te guérira?

14 [Nun.] Tes Prophètes t’ont prévu des choses vaines et frivoles, et ils n’ont point découvert ton iniquité pour détourner ta captivité; mais ils t’ont prévu des charges vaines, et propres à te faire chasser.

15 [Samech.] Tous les passants ont battu des mains sur toi, ils se sont moqués, et ils ont branlé leur tête contre la fille de Jérusalem, [en disant] : est-ce ici la ville de laquelle on disait : la parfaite en beauté; la joie de toute la terre?

16 [Pe.] Tous tes ennemis ont ouvert leur bouche sur toi, ils se sont moqués, ils ont grincé les dents, et ils ont dit : nous [les] avons abîmés; vraiment c’est ici la journée que nous attendions, nous [l’]avons trouvée, nous l’avons vue.

17 [Hajin.] L’Eternel a fait ce qu’il avait projeté, il a accompli sa parole qu’il avait ordonnée depuis longtemps; il a ruiné et n’a point épargné, il a réjoui sur toi l'ennemi, il a fait éclater la force de tes adversaires.

18 [Tsadi.] Leur cœur a crié au Seigneur. Muraille de la fille de Sion, fais couler des larmes jour et nuit, comme un torrent; ne te donne point de repos; [et] que la prunelle de tes yeux ne cesse point.

19 [Koph.] Lève-toi [et] t’écrie de nuit sur le commencement des veilles; répands ton cœur comme de l’eau en la présence du Seigneur; lève tes mains vers lui, pour l’âme de tes petits enfants qui pâment de faim aux coins de toutes les rues.

20 [Resch.] Regarde, ô Eternel! et considère à qui tu as ainsi fait. Les femmes n’ont-elles pas mangé leur fruit, les petits enfants qu’elles emmaillottaient? Le Sacrificateur et le Prophète n’ont-ils pas été tués dans le Sanctuaire du Seigneur?

21 [Scin.] Le jeune enfant et le vieillard ont été gisants à terre par les rues; mes vierges et mes gens d’élite sont tombés par l’épée; tu as tué au jour de ta colère, tu as massacré, tu n’as point épargné.

22 [Thau.] Tu as convié comme à un jour solennel mes frayeurs d’alentour, et nul n’est échappé, ni demeuré de reste au jour de la colère de l’Eternel; ceux que j’avais emmaillottés et élevés, mon ennemi les a consumés.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 120


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 402, 414, 921, 1071, 1460, 2015, 2162, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 20, 49, 158, 166, 270, 285, 299, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 69, 187, 195, 204, 304, 315, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 78

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Word/Phrase Explanations

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

cieux
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

Terre
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

souvenu
'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

pieds
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

tué
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

fureur
Fury is a receding from good, and anger is a receding from truth.

palais
'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

jardin
Plants, in general, represent knowledge, ideas and intellectual concepts – things of the mind. Plant the best and most beautiful of those in one place,...

oublier
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

sabbat
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

autel
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

mur
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

barres
Bars, as in Lamentations 2:9, signify doctrinals

nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

vision
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

sacs
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

vierges
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

jérusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

larmes
'A tear' signifies grief because of a lack of understanding of truth.

foie
'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

froment
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sein
"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

iniquité
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

captivité
Captivity and spoil (Daniel 11:33) signifies the deprivation of every truth and good.

beauté
Beauty of his ornament (Ezek. 7:20) signifies the church and its doctrine.

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

ouvert
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

les dents
'Teeth' signify the outer edges of the life of the natural self, or the sensory level. This has two kinds, the will, and the understanding....

journée
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

réjoui
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

mangé
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

prophète
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...


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