Juges 8

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Alors les hommes d'Ephraïm lui dirent : Que veut dire ce que tu nous as fait, de ne nous avoir pas appelés quand tu es allé à la guerre contre Madian; et ils s'emportèrent fortement contre lui.

2 Et il leur répondit : Qu'ai-je fait maintenant au prix de ce que vous avez fait? Les grappillages d'Ephraïm ne sont-ils pas meilleurs que la vendange d'Abihézer?

3 Dieu a livré entra vos mains les chefs de Madian, Horeb et Zééb; or qu'ai-je pu faire au prix de ce que vous avez fait? et leur esprit fut apaisé envers lui quand il leur eut ainsi parlé.

4 Or Gédeon étant arrivé au Jourdain le passa, lui et les trois cents hommes qui étaient avec lui, lesquels tout las qu'ils étaient, poursuivaient [l'ennemi].

5 C'est pourquoi il dit aux gens de Succoth : Donnez, je vous prie, au peuple qui me suit, quelques pains car ils sont las; et ainsi je poursuivrai Zébah et Tsalmunah, Rois de Madian.

6 Mais les principaux de Succoth répondirent : La paume de Zébah et celle de Tsalmunah sont-elles maintenant en ta main, que nous donnions du pain à ton armée?

7 Et Gédeon dit : Quand donc l'Eternel aura livré Zébah et Tsalmunah en ma main, je froisserai alors votre chair avec des épines du désert, et avec des chardons.

8 Puis de là il monta à Pénuël, et il tint les mêmes discours à ceux de Pénuël. Et les gens de Pénuël lui répondirent comme les gens de Succoth avaient répondu.

9 Il parla donc aussi aux hommes de Pénuël, en disant : Quand je retournerai en paix, je démolirai cette tour.

10 Or Zébah et Tsalmunah étaient à Karkor, et leurs armées avec eux, environ quinze mille hommes, qui étaient tous ceux qui étaient restés de toute l'armée des Orientaux; car il en était tombé morts six vingt mille hommes tirant l'épée.

11 Et Gédeon monta par le chemin de ceux qui habitent dans les tentes, du côté oriental de Nobah et de Jogbeha, et défit l'armée, qui se croyait assurée.

12 Et comme Zébah et Tsalmunah s'enfuyaient, il les poursuivit, et prit les deux Rois de Madian, Zébah et Tsalmunah, et mit en déroute toute l'armée.

13 Puis Gédeon fils de Joas retourna de la bataille de la montée de Hèrés.

14 Et prenant un garçon de Succoth, il l'interrogea; [et] ce garçon lui donna par écrit les principaux de Succoth, et ses Anciens, [au nombre] de soixante dix-sept hommes.

15 Et il s'en vint aux gens de Succoth, et leur dit : Voici Zébah et Tsalmunah, au sujet desquels vous m'avez insulté, en disant : La paume de Zébah et celle de Tsalmunah sont-elles maintenant en ta main, que nous donnions du pain à tes gens fatigués?

16 Il prit donc les Anciens de la ville, et des épines du désert, et des chardons, et il en froissa les hommes de Succoth.

17 Or il avait démoli la tour de Pénuël, et mis à mort les gens de la ville.

18 Puis il dit à Zébah et à Tsalmunah : Comment [étaient faits] ces hommes que vous avez tués sur le Tabor? Ils répondirent : Ils étaient entièrement comme toi; chacun d'eux avait l'air d'un fils de Roi.

19 Et il leur dit : C'étaient mes frères, enfants de ma mère; l'Eternel est vivant, si vous leur eussiez sauvé la vie, je ne vous tuerais pas.

20 Puis il dit à Jéther son premier-né : Lève-toi, tue-les; mais le jeune garçon ne tira point son épée, car il avait peur, parce qu'il était encore jeune garçon.

21 Et Zébah et Tsalmunah dirent : Lève-toi toi-même, et te jette sur nous; car tel qu'est l'homme, telle est sa force. Et Gédeon se leva, et tua Zébah et Tsalmunah, et prit les colliers qui étaient aux cous de leurs chameaux.

22 Et ceux d'Israël dirent tous d'un accord à Gédeon : Domine sur nous, tant toi que ton fils, et le fils de ton fils; car tu nous as délivrés de la main de Madian.

23 Et Gédeon leur répondit : Je ne dominerai point sur vous, ni mon fils ne dominera point sur vous; l'Eternel dominera sur vous.

24 Mais Gédeon leur dit : Je vous ferai une prière, qui est que vous me donniez chacun de vous les bagues qu'il a eues du butin; car les ennemis avaient des bagues d'or, parce qu'ils étaient Ismaélites.

25 Et ils répondirent : Nous les donnerons très-volontiers; et étendant un manteau ils y jetèrent chacun les bagues qu'ils avaient eues du butin.

26 Et le poids des bagues d'or qu'il avait demandées, fut de mille sept cents [sicles] d'or, sans les colliers, les bœttes de senteur, et les vêtements d'écarlate qui étaient sur les Rois de Madian, et sans les chaînes qui étaient aux cous de leurs chameaux.

27 Puis Gédeon en fit un Ephod; et le mit en sa ville, qui était Hophra; et tout Israël paillarda après lui en ce lieu-là; ce qui tourna en piège à Gédeon, et à sa maison.

28 Ainsi Madian fut humilié devant les enfants d'Israël, et n'éleva plus sa tête; et le pays fut en repos quarante ans aux jours de Gédeon.

29 Jérubbahal donc fils de Joas s'en vint [en sa ville], et se tint en sa maison.

30 Or Gédeon eut soixante et dix fils, sortis de sa hanche, parce qu'il eut plusieurs femmes.

31 Et sa concubine, qui était à Sichem, lui enfanta aussi un fils, et il le nomma Abimélec.

32 Puis Gédeon, fils de Joas, mourut en bonne vieillesse, et fut enseveli au sépulcre de Joas son père à Hophra des Abihézérites.

33 Et il arriva après que Gédeon fut mort, que les enfants d'Israël se détournèrent, et paillardèrent après les Bahalins, et s'établirent Bahal-bérith pour Dieu.

34 Ainsi les enfants d'Israël ne se souvinrent point de l'Eternel leur Dieu, qui les avait délivrés de la main de tous leurs ennemis qui les environnaient.

35 Et ils n'usèrent d'aucune gratuité envers la maison de Jérubbahal Gédeon, selon tout le bien qu'il avait fait à Israël.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 8: Gideon subdues the Midianites.

In this chapter, Gideon continued to dismantle Midian’s oppression over Israel, facing opposition from some of his fellow Israelites in the process. First, the men of Ephraim complained that he did not call them to war. Gideon replied by praising them for their vineyards, and for capturing the two Midianite princes. So, Ephraim’s indignation subsided.

Then Gideon went to the city of Succoth, and asked for bread to feed his army. But the men of Succoth refused, instead taunting him because he had not yet captured the kings of Midian. Gideon told them them he would punish them with thorns and briars, after he had killed the two kings. The people of Penuel were equally dismissive when Gideon asked them for help, and he swore to tear down their tower.

In due course, Gideon captured the two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna. Gideon told his oldest son to kill them, but he was young, and too afraid to do it. So Gideon killed the two kings, and punished the people of Succoth and Penuel.

When he returned from battle, the people of Israel asked Gideon to rule over them. However, he refused, saying that the Lord would rule Israel. He then collected gold from people’s earrings, used it to make an ephod (a priest’s garment), and set it up in his own city, Ophrah. The people began to worship it, and it became a snare for Gideon.

And Israel had peace for forty years under Gideon. Gideon had seventy sons, and died at an old age. As soon as he passed away, the Israelites forgot all the goodness that the Lord had shown them, and turned to worship other gods.

*****

The message of Gideon’s exchange with the Ephraimites is that sincerity and openness are the most powerful response to confrontation. Gideon, led by his trust in the Lord, could see the reason for Ephraim’s outburst, so he dealt with it by praising their strengths. This encounter shows how our faith in the Lord gives us a broader perspective, granting us the ability to respond rather than react (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8159[3]).

When Gideon lashes out at the people of Succoth and Penuel, it may appear that he is acting purely from anger, and a wish to retaliate. In reality, he is filled with zeal to drive out the Midianites and free Israel. It is unthinkable to him that his own people would refuse to give his soldiers food. In our own lives, we can at times be astounded by our own resistance to serving the Lord’s purpose. We are constantly torn between two forces: heaven and hell (Arcana Caelestia 3839[3]).

The killing of the two Midianite kings reflects the need for justice in spiritual matters. If we fail to heed the truths we know and believe, we will suffer the consequences of fear and guilt. These are not inflicted by the Lord, but follow on from our own choices (Arcana Caelestia 2447). Gideon’s son’s inability to kill the kings means that behind spiritual justice, there must be an understanding of the essential value of all life (Arcana Caelestia 5826[2]).

Gideon’s ephod is a symbol showing how easily we can deviate from obeying the Lord. The text does not tell us the reason for Gideon’s actions, but perhaps he felt it was better for the people to worship something superficially related to worshiping the Lord, rather than following a foreign god. Seeing a priest’s garment reminds us that a priest serves the Lord. But we can so easily focus on the majesty of the ephod itself, and think no more about the priest’s duty nor about the Lord. We sometimes drift further from the Lord without even realizing it (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 327).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 3021, 3242, 3246, 3263, 8301

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Významy biblických slov

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Madian
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

chefs
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

passa
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

poursuivaient
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Succoth
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

suit
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

poursuivrai
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

pain
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

armée
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

chair
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

répondu
Le fait de "répondre" indique généralement un état de réceptivité spirituelle. En fin de compte, cela signifie être réceptif au Seigneur, qui essaie constamment de...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

retournerai
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

tour
'A tower,' as in Genesis 11:4, signifies the worship of self, which consists of a person exalting himself above others, even to the point of...

Quinze
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

épée
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tentes
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

deux
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Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

bataille
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garçon
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écrit
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dix-sept
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Sept
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les anciens
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Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

la tour
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Roi
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Frères
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

vivant
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

la vie
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

premier-né
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tue
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Jeune
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Peur
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l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

chameaux
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

d'Israël
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Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

délivrés
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

d'or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

or
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

Ismaélites
'Ishmaelites' represent people who are in simple good of life, and thence in natural truth regarding doctrine.

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

quarante ans
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Abimélec
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

bonne
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

sépulcre
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Bien
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

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