Juges 7

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1 Jérubbahal donc, qui [est] Gédeon, se levant dès le matin, et tout le peuple qui était avec lui, ils se campèrent près de la fontaine de Harod, et ils avaient le camp de Madian du côté du Septentrion, vers le coteau de Moreh dans la vallée.

2 Or l'Eternel dit à Gédeon : Le peuple qui est avec toi est en trop grand nombre, pour que je livre Madian en leur main, de peur qu'Israël ne se glorifie contre moi, en disant : Ma main m'a délivré.

3 Maintenant donc fais publier, le peuple l'entendant, et qu'on dise : Quiconque est timide et a peur, qu'il s'en retourne, et s'en aille dès le matin du côté de la montagne de Galaad; et vingt-deux mille du peuple s'en retournèrent; et il en resta dix mille.

4 Et l'Eternel dit à Gédeon : Il y a encore du peuple en trop grand nombre; fais-les descendre vers l'eau, et là je te les choisirai; et celui dont je te dirai, celui-ci ira avec toi, il ira avec toi; et celui duquel je te dirai, celui-ci n'ira point avec toi; il n'y ira point.

5 Il fit donc descendre le peuple vers l'eau; et l'Eternel dit à Gédeon : Quiconque lapera l'eau de sa langue, comme le chien lape, tu le mettras à part; et [tu mettras aussi à part] tous ceux qui se courberont sur leurs genoux pour boire.

6 Et le nombre de ceux qui lapaient l'eau dans leur main, [la] portant à leur bouche, fut de trois cents hommes; mais tout le reste du peuple se courba sur ses genoux, pour boire de l'eau.

7 Alors l'Eternel dit à Gédeon : Je vous délivrerai par le moyen de ces trois cents hommes qui ont lapé [l'eau], et je livrerai Madian en ta main. Que tout le peuple donc s'en aille, chacun en son lieu.

8 Ainsi le peuple prit en sa main des provisions, et leurs trompettes. Et Gédeon renvoya tous les hommes d'Israël chacun en sa tente, et retint les trois cents hommes. Or le camp de Madian était au-dessous, dans la vallée.

9 Et il arriva cette nuit-là, que l'Eternel lui dit : Lève-toi, descends au camp, car je l'ai livré en ta main.

10 Et si tu crains d'y descendre, descends vers le camp toi et Purah ton serviteur.

11 Et tu entendras ce qu'ils diront, et tes mains seront fortifiées, puis tu descendras au camp. Il descendit donc avec Purah son serviteur, jusqu'au premier corps de garde du camp.

12 Or Madian, et Hamalec, et tous les Orientaux, étaient répandus dans la vallée comme des sauterelles, tant il y en avait, et leurs chameaux étaient sans nombre, comme le sable qui est sur le bord de la mer, tant il y en avait.

13 Gédeon donc y étant arrivé, voilà, un homme récitait à son compagnon un songe, et lui disait : Voici, j'ai songé un songe; il me semblait qu'un gâteau de pain d'orge se roulait vers le camp de Madian, et qu'étant venu jusqu'aux tentes, il les a frappées, de sorte qu'elles en sont tombées, et il les a renversées, [en roulant] du haut [de la montagne], et elles sont tombées.

14 Alors son compagnon répondit, et dit : Cela n'est autre chose que l'épée de Gédeon, fils de Joas, homme d'Israël. Dieu a livré Madian et tout ce camp en sa main.

15 Et quand Gédeon eut entendu le récit du songe, et son interprétation, il se prosterna; et étant retourné au camp d'Israël, il dit : Levez-vous, car l'Eternel a livré le camp de Madian en vos mains.

16 Puis il divisa les trois cents hommes en trois bandes, et leur donna à chacun des trompettes à la main, et des cruches vides, et des flambeaux dans les cruches.

17 Et il leur dit : Prenez garde à moi et faites comme je ferai; lorsque je serai arrivé au bout du camp, vous ferez comme je ferai.

18 Quand donc je sonnerai de la trompette, et tous ceux aussi qui sont avec moi, alors vous sonnerez aussi des trompettes autour de tout le camp, et vous direz : L'EPEE DE L'ETERNEL, ET DE GEDEON.

19 Gédeon donc, et les cent hommes qui étaient avec lui, arrivèrent au bout du camp, comme on venait de poser la seconde garde; on ne faisait que poser les gardes lorsqu'ils sonnèrent des trompettes; et qu'ils cassèrent les cruches qu'ils avaient en leurs mains.

20 Ainsi les trois bandes sonnèrent des trompettes, et cassèrent les cruches, tenant en leur main gauche les flambeaux, et en leur main droite les trompettes pour sonner, et ils criaient : L'EPEE DE L'ETERNEL, ET DE GEDEON.

21 Et ils se tinrent chacun en sa place autour du camp; et toute l'armée courait ça et là, s'écriant et fuyant.

22 Car comme les trois cents hommes sonnaient des trompettes, l'Eternel tourna l'épée d'un chacun contre son compagnon, même par tout le camp. Et l'armée s'enfuit jusqu'à Beth-sittah, vers Tserera, jusqu'au bord d'Abelmeholah, vers Tabbat.

23 Et les hommes d'Israël, [savoir] de Nephthali et d'Aser, et de tout Manassé s'assemblèrent, et poursuivirent Madian.

24 Alors Gédeon envoya des messagers par toute la montagne d'Ephraïm, pour leur dire : Descendez pour aller à la rencontre de Madian, et saisissez-vous les premiers des eaux du Jourdain jusqu'à Beth-bara. Les hommes d'Ephraïm donc s'étant assemblés, se saisirent des eaux du Jourdain jusqu'à Beth-bara.

25 Et ils prirent deux des chefs de Madian, Horeb et Zééb, et ils tuèrent Horeb au rocher de Horeb; mais ils tuèrent Zééb au pressoir de Zééb; et ils poursuivirent Madian, et apportèrent les têtes de Horeb et de Zééb à Gédeon, au deçà du Jourdain.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

Matin
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

Madian
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Moreh
'Moreh' signifies the earliest moment of the Lord's perception.

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

qu'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

délivré
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

retourne
Il existe de nombreux exemples dans la Bible qui décrivent des personnes qui se retournent, regardent en arrière ou font marche arrière. Dans la plupart...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

l'eau
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

langue
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

Chien
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

genoux
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

boire
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

trompettes
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tente
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

descends
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Sauterelles
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

chameaux
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

le sable
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

sable
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

songe
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

pain
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

tentes
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

entendu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

trompette
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

autour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

cent
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

arrivèrent
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

tinrent
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

s'enfuit
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

messagers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

chefs
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

tuèrent
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

les têtes
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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