Juges 5

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1 En ce jour-là Débora, avec Barac fils d'Abinoham, chanta en disant :

2 Bénissez l'Eternel de ce qu'il a fait de telles vengeances en Israël, [et] de ce que le peuple a été porté de bonne volonté.

3 Vous Rois écoutez, vous Princes prêtez l'oreille; moi, moi, je chanterai à l'Eternel, je psalmodierai à l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël.

4 Ô Eternel! quand tu sortis de Séhir, quand tu marchas du territoire d'Edom, la terre fut ébranlée, même les cieux fondirent, les nuées, dis-je, fondirent en eaux.

5 Les montagnes s'écoulèrent de devant l'Eternel, ce Sinaï [s'écoula] de devant l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël.

6 Aux jours de Samgar, fils de Hanath, aux jours de Jahel, les grands chemins n'étaient plus battus, et ceux qui allaient par les chemins allaient par des routes détournées.

7 Les villes non murées n'étaient plus habitées en Israël, elles n'étaient point habitées, jusqu'à ce que je me suis levée, moi Débora, jusqu'à ce que je me suis levée pour être mère en Israël.

8 [Israël] choisissait-il des dieux nouveaux? alors la guerre était aux portes. A-t-il été vu bouclier ou lance en quarante mille d'Israël?

9 J'ai mon cœur vers les Gouverneurs d'Israël, qui se sont portés volontairement d'entre le peuple. Bénissez l'Eternel.

10 Vous qui montez sur les ânesses blanches, [et] qui êtes assis dans le siège de la justice, et vous qui allez dans les chemins, parlez.

11 Le bruit des archers [ayant cessé] dans les lieux où l'on puisait l'eau, qu'on s'y entretienne des justices de l'Eternel, [et] des justices de ses villes non murées en Israël; alors le peuple de Dieu descendra aux portes.

12 Réveille-toi, réveille-toi, Débora; réveille-toi, réveille-toi, dit le Cantique, lève-toi Barac, et emmène en captivité ceux que tu as faits captifs, toi fils d'Abinoham.

13 [L'Eternel] a fait alors dominer le réchappé, le peuple sur les magnifiques; L'Eternel m'a fait dominer sur les forts.

14 Leur racine est depuis Ephraïm jusqu'à Hamalek; Benjamin [a été] après toi parmi tes peuples; de Makir sont descendus les Gouverneurs; et de Zabulon ceux qui manient la plume du Scribe.

15 Et les principaux d'Issacar ont été avec Débora, et Issacar ainsi que Barac; il a été envoyé avec sa suite dans la vallée; il y a eu aux séparations de Ruben, de grandes considérations dans leur cœur.

16 Pourquoi t'es-tu tenu entre les barres des étables, afin d'entendre les cris des troupeaux? Il y a eu aux séparations de Ruben de grandes consultations dans leur cœur.

17 Galaad est demeuré au delà du Jourdain ; et pourquoi Dan s'est-il tenu aux navires? Aser s'est tenu aux ports de la mer, et il est demeuré dans ses havres.

18 Mais pour Zabulon, c'est un peuple qui a exposé son âme à la mort; et Nephthali aussi, sur les hauteurs de la campagne.

19 Les Rois sont venus, ils ont combattu; les Rois de Canaan ont alors combattu à Tahanac, près des eaux de Méguiddo; mais ils n'ont point fait de gain d'argent.

20 On a combattu des cieux, les étoiles, [dis-je], ont combattu du lieu de leur cours contre Sisera.

21 Le torrent de Kison les a emportés, le torrent de Kédummim, le torrent de Kison; mon âme tu as foulé aux pieds la force.

22 Alors a été rompue la corne des pieds des chevaux par le battement des pieds, par le battement, [dis-je], des pieds de ses puissants [chevaux].

23 Maudissez Meroz, a dit l'Ange de l'Eternel; maudissez, maudissez ses habitants, car ils ne sont point venus au secours de l'Eternel, au secours de l'Eternel, avec les forts.

24 Bénie soit par-dessus toutes les femmes Jahel, femme de Héber Kénien, qu'elle soit bénie par-dessus les femmes [qui se tiennent] dans les tentes.

25 Il a demandé de l'eau, elle lui a donné du lait; elle lui a présenté de la crème dans la coupe des magnifiques.

26 Elle a avancé sa main gauche au clou et sa main droite au marteau des ouvriers; elle a frappé Sisera, et lui a fendu la tête; elle a transpercé et traversé ses tempes.

27 Il s'est courbé entre les pieds de [Jahel], il est tombé, il a été étendu entre les pieds de Jahel, il s'est courbé, il est tombé; [et] au lieu où il s'est courbé, il est tombé là tout défiguré.

28 La mère de Sisera regardait par la fenêtre, et s'écriait [en regardant] par les treillis : Pourquoi son char tarde-t-il à venir? Pourquoi ses chariots vont-ils si lentement?

29 Et les plus sages de ses dames lui ont répondu; et elle aussi se répondait à soi-même :

30 N'ont-ils pas trouvé? ils partagent le butin ; une fille, deux filles à chacun par tête. Le butin [des vêtements] de couleurs est à Sisera, le butin de couleurs de broderie; couleur de broderie à deux endroits, autour du cou de ceux du butin.

31 Qu'ainsi périssent, ô Eternel! tous tes ennemis; et que ceux qui t'aiment soient comme le soleil quand il sort en sa force. Or le pays fut en repos quarante ans.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 5: The Song of Deborah.

This chapter is a song of victory, describing the events of Judges 4 in poetic and exuberant language. Throughout, there is a sense of exhorting the people to turn to the Lord and praise Him for the victory. Singing this kind of song was a customary way for Israel to rejoice after a major victory.

The spiritual meaning of singing has to do with our overall joy and affection for spiritual things: joy for what is true, for the Word, and for everything about the Lord. Affection is not merely knowing spiritual truths; it is our heart’s response to them, which goes far beyond words.

This is why the lyrics of sacred songs such as Judges Chapter 5 are very eloquent and passionate. They are not simply an account of what took place, but more an outburst of praise and gratitude in recounting the story. We experience the same inner ‘music’ when our heart feels a deep spiritual affection, and is stirred up with praise to the Lord. Just as Deborah and Barak sang after a battle, our songs of gratitude will generally be felt after the Lord delivers us from a period of temptation during regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8265).

The song itself frequently acknowledges the Lord’s part in Israel’s victory:

In verse 4: “Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the field of Edom.”

In verse 11: “There they shall recount the righteous acts of the Lord for his villagers in Israel.”

And in verse 13: “Then the Lord came down for me against the mighty.”

These references serve to remind us that everything is the Lord’s doing. We must do what is good as though our actions make the difference, but we are to affirm that the Lord brings about all that is good. This acknowledgement allows us to act from free will, while still understanding the spiritual truth that all goodness comes from the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 9193).

This is emphasized through the song whenever Deborah praises her own actions, as well as those of Barak and Jael. For example:

In verse 7: “Village life ceased in Israel until I, Deborah, arose, a mother in Israel.”

In verse 12: “Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak, and lead your captives away, O son of Abinoam!”

And in verses 24-27, when Jael receives full praise for her actions.

Another theme in the song is a lament over those tribes which did not come to the aid of Israel, although only Issachar and Zebulun were called to battle. A town called Meroz is roundly cursed for failing to help. The name ‘Meroz’ comes from a verb meaning “to withdraw” or “to hide” (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). This lament reminds us that our intentions to serve the Lord and to fight our spiritual battles can be hindered by our own divided wills.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 627, 1675, 1679, 1756, 2709, 2781, 2851, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 51, 351, 354, 406, 501, 899


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 72, 208, 355, 401, 422, 434, ...

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Významy biblických slov

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

Cieux
Les cieux sont des choses célestes et spirituelles. Par conséquent, ce sont des choses intimes, à la fois du royaume du Seigneur dans le ciel...

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

les montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Sinaï
'Mount Sinai,' as in Exodus 19:1, signifies, in the highest sense, divine truth from divine good. 'Mount' means divine good, and 'Sinai,' divine truth, and...

les chemins
'A path' denotes truths, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

routes
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

mère
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

guerre
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

portes
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

bouclier
'A shield' signifies defense which is trusted against evils and falsities. In respect to the Lord, it signifies defense, and in respect to people, confidence...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

assis
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

l'eau
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

descendra
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

cantique
'A song' signifies acknowledgment and confession from joy of heart.

racine
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

envoyé
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

entendre
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

navires
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

âme
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

méguiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

Argent
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

étoiles
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

force
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

tentes
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Lait
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

crème
Butter (Isa. 7:14, 16) signifies the Lord's celestial principle, and honey that is derived from thence. Butter of the herd (Deut. 32:13) signifies the celestial...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Clou
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

frappé
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

pieds
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

fenêtre
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

À venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

répondu
Le fait de "répondre" indique généralement un état de réceptivité spirituelle. En fin de compte, cela signifie être réceptif au Seigneur, qui essaie constamment de...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

Cou
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

couleur
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

quarante ans
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

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