Juges 21

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1 Or ceux d'Israël avaient juré en Mitspa, en disant : Nul de nous ne donnera sa fille pour femme aux Benjamites.

2 Puis le peuple vint à la maison du [Dieu] Fort, et ils demeurèrent là jusqu'au soir en la présence de Dieu; et ils élevèrent leurs voix, et pleurèrent amèrement,

3 Et dirent : Ô Eternel, Dieu d'Israël! pourquoi ceci est-il arrivé en Israël, qu'une Tribu d'Israël ait été aujourd'hui retranchée?

4 Et le lendemain le peuple se leva de bon matin, et bâtit là un autel, et ils offrirent des holocaustes, et des sacrifices de prospérités.

5 Alors les enfants d'Israël dirent : Qui est celui d'entre toutes les Tribus d'Israël qui n'est point monté à l'assemblée vers l'Eternel? Car on avait fait un grand serment contre tout homme qui ne monterait point vers l'Eternel à Mitspa, en disant : Un tel sera puni de mort.

6 Car les enfants d'Israël se repentaient de ce qui était arrivé à Benjamin leur frère, et disaient aujourd'hui une Tribu a été retranchée d'Israël.

7 Comment ferons-nous pour donner des femmes à ceux qui sont demeurés de reste, puisque nous avons juré par l'Eternel que nous ne leur donnerions point de nos filles pour femmes?

8 Ils dirent donc : Y a-t-il quelqu'un d'entre les Tribus d'Israël qui ne soit point monté vers l'Eternel à Mitspa? Or voici, aucun homme de Jabès de Galaad n'était venu au camp, à l'assemblée.

9 Car quand on fit le dénombrement du peuple, voici, il ne s'était trouvé aucun des habitants de Jabès de Galaad.

10 C'est pourquoi l'assemblée y envoya douze mille hommes des plus vaillants, et leur commanda en disant : Allez, et frappez les habitants de Jabès de Galaad au tranchant de l'épée, tant les femmes que les petits enfants.

11 Voici donc ce que vous ferez : Vous exterminerez à la façon de l'interdit tout mâle, et toute femme qui aura eu compagnie d'homme.

12 Et ils trouvèrent entre les habitants de Jabès de Galaad quatre cents filles vierges, qui n'avaient point eu compagnie d'homme; et ils les amenèrent au camp à Silo, qui est au pays de Canaan.

13 Alors toute l'assemblée envoya pour parler aux enfants de Benjamin qui étaient au rocher de Rimmon, et pour leur offrir la paix.

14 En ce temps-là donc les Benjamites retournèrent, et on leur donna pour femmes celles qui avaient été conservées en vie d'entre les femmes de Jabès de Galaad; mais il ne s'en trouva pas [assez pour eux].

15 Et le peuple se repentit de ce qui avait été fait à Benjamin; car l'Eternel avait fait une brèche aux Tribus d'Israël.

16 Et les Anciens de l'assemblée dirent : Comment ferons-nous pour donner des femmes à ceux qui sont demeurés de reste; car les femmes ont été exterminées d'entre les Benjamites.

17 Puis ils dirent : Ceux qui sont réchappés posséderont ce qui appartenait à Benjamin, afin qu'une Tribu d'Israël ne soit point effacée.

18 Cependant nous ne leur pourrons point donner des femmes d'entre nos filles; car les enfants d'Israël ont juré, en disant : Maudit soit celui qui donnera une femme à ceux de Benjamin.

19 Et ils dirent : Voici la solennité ordinaire de l'Eternel est à Silo, qui est vers l'Aquilon de Bethel, et au soleil levant du chemin qui monte de Bethel à Sichem, et au midi de Lebona.

20 Et ils commandèrent aux enfants de Benjamin, en disant : Allez, et mettez des gens en embuscade aux vignes.

21 Et quand vous verrez que les filles de Silo sortiront pour danser avec des flûtes, alors vous sortirez des vignes, et vous ravirez pour vous chacun sa femme d'entre les filles de Silo, et vous en irez au pays de Benjamin.

22 Et quand leurs pères, ou leurs frères viendront vers nous pour plaider, nous leur dirons : Ayez pitié d'eux pour l'amour de nous, puisque nous n'avons point pris femme pour [chacun d'eux] en cette guerre, et vous serez coupables si vous ne leur en donnez point en un temps comme celui-ci.

23 Les enfants de Benjamin firent ainsi, et enlevèrent des femmes selon leur nombre, d'entre celles qui dansaient, lesquelles ils ravirent; puis s'en allant ils retournèrent à leur héritage, et rebâtirent des villes, et y habitèrent.

24 Ainsi en ce temps-là chacun des enfants d'Israël s'en alla de là en sa Tribu, et dans sa famille, et ils se retirèrent de là chacun dans son héritage.

25 En ces jours-là il n'y avait point de Roi en Israël; mais chacun faisait ce qui lui semblait être droit.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Wives Provided for the Men of Benjamin

This final chapter of the book of Judges deals with the wish of Israel to provide the remaining men of Benjamin with wives so that the tribe would not die out, since it was one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Yet the men of Israel had made a vow at Mizpah not to give their daughters to any men of Benjamin.

Providing wives means to add either truth or good to a situation. “In the Word, when ‘husband’ is mentioned, then ‘wife’ stands for truth. But when the husband is called ‘the man’, then ‘wife’ stands for good. This is the way it gets continually used in the Word.” (Arcana Caelestia 1468) In this chapter the men are called ‘the men of Benjamin’ or the Benjamites, so wives stand for good being joined to truth.

The men of Israel wondered who had not come to the gathering at Mizpah and recalled that no one from Jabesh Gilead had come. This meant that they were not under the obligation of the vow. The men of Israel told men to go and kill every man in that city and also any woman who was not a virgin. They found four hundred young virgins and brought them up to the camp at Shiloh.

The name Jabesh-Gilead means ‘arid’ and its spiritual meaning is in this city’s non-participation in dealing with the problem of the tribe of Benjamin. It stands for our refusal and disinclination to act to progress the spiritual life of the Word and our obedience to it.
But in it are four hundred young virgins who are not part of this non-participation and they can be taken to be wives for the men of Benjamin, to provide a future and an offspring.

“Virgins stand for the Lord’s kingdom, for everyone who is a kingdom of the Lord or a ‘church’, those who love the Lord, those who are in the affection for good, in charity to their neighbour, and those who love what is true. All of this is from the conjugial love which is there in chaste virgins.” (Arcana Caelestia 3081)

But even so, this is not enough to provide sufficient wives for the men of Benjamin. They recall that there is a yearly feast at Shiloh at which the young daughters of Shiloh dance. They tell the men of Benjamin to go there at the time of the feast and when the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance, to each seize a girl and take her away to Benjamin. And if anyone complains about breaking the vow made at Mizpah, it will be told them that this does not apply to the men of Benjamin and to be kind to this taking of wives.

The spiritual meaning of this is that it is essential that the tribe of Benjamin who stand for the link or connection between internal and external states, should have a full complement of wives so that truth and good can be together in producing and preserving this connection for our spiritual wholeness and its life. (Arcana Caelestia 5411)

The final verse of the book of Judges, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes”, very much describes the sequence of the stories in Judges to the point where good and truth, love for the Lord and obedience to the Word, are marginalised, and replaced by one wrong action after another, through to the very end.

The spiritual meaning in these wrong doings can be seen to show their purpose in terms of our spiritual life and regeneration. This is the purpose of them being included in the Word, and while the text is at times harrowing, it contains the basis for giving us the truths which lead to eternal life and the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9422


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608, 687

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Významy biblických slov

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

Mitspa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

benjamites
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

soir
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Matin
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Assemblée
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Frère
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Reste
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

filles
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

les femmes
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

vierges
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

d'homme
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

parler
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

brèche
A breach (Gen. 38:29) signifies the infraction and perversion of truth, by separation from good. A breach signifies falsity of doctrine, and the stroke of...

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Bethel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

monte
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

vignes
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

Les filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

danser
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Frères
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

famille
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

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Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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