Juges 2

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1 Or l'Ange de l'Eternel monta de Guilgal à Bokim, et dit : Je vous ai fait monter hors d'Egypte, et je vous ai fait entrer au pays dont j'avais juré à vos pères, et j'ai dit : Je n'enfreindrai jamais mon alliance que j'ai traitée avec vous.

2 Et vous aussi vous ne traiterez point alliance avec les habitants de ce pays; vous démolirez leurs autels; mais vous n'avez point obéi à ma voix; qu'est-ce que vous avez fait?

3 Et j'ai dit aussi : Je ne les chasserai point de devant vous, mais ils seront à vos côtés, et leurs dieux vous seront en piège.

4 Et il arriva qu'aussitôt que l'Ange de l'Eternel eut dit ces paroles à tous les enfants d'Israël, le peuple éleva sa voix, et pleura.

5 C'est pourquoi ils appelèrent ce lieu-là Bokim; et ils sacrifièrent là à l'Eternel.

6 Or Josué avait renvoyé le peuple, et les enfants d'Israël s'en étaient allés chacun à son héritage, pour posséder le pays.

7 Et le peuple avait servi l'Eternel tout le temps de Josué, et tout le temps des Anciens qui avaient survécu à Josué, [et] qui avaient vu toutes les grandes œuvres de l'Eternel, lesquelles il avait faites pour Israël.

8 Puis Josué, fils de Nun, serviteur de l'Eternel, était mort, âgé de cent dix ans.

9 Et on l'avait enseveli dans les bornes de son héritage à Timnath-Hérés, en la montagne d'Ephraïm, du côté du Septentrion de la montagne de Gahas.

10 Et toute cette génération aussi avait été recueillie avec ses pères; puis une autre génération s'était levée après eux, laquelle n'avait point connu l'Eternel, ni les œuvres qu'il avait faites pour Israël.

11 Les enfants d'Israël donc firent ce qui déplaît à l'Eternel, et servirent les Bahalins.

12 Et ayant abandonné l'Eternel, le Dieu de leurs pères, qui les avait fait sortir du pays d'Egypte, ils allèrent après d'autres dieux, d'entre les dieux des peuples qui [étaient] autour d'eux, et ils se prosternèrent devant eux; ainsi ils irritèrent l'Eternel.

13 Ils abandonnèrent donc l'Eternel, et servirent Bahal et Hastaroth.

14 Et la colère de l'Eternel s'enflamma contre Israël, et il les livra entre les mains de gens qui les pillèrent; et il les vendit en la main de leurs ennemis d'alentour, de sorte qu'ils ne purent plus se maintenir devant leurs ennemis.

15 Partout où ils allaient, la main de l'Eternel était contr'eux en mal, comme l'Eternel en avait parlé, et comme l'Eternel le leur avait juré, et ils furent dans de [grandes] angoisses.

16 Et l'Eternel leur suscitait des Juges, qui les délivraient de la main de ceux qui les pillaient.

17 Mais ils ne voulaient pas même écouter leurs Juges, ils paillardaient après d'autres dieux; ils se prosternaient devant eux; ils se détournaient aussitôt du chemin par lequel leurs pères avaient marché, obéissant aux commandements de l'Eternel; mais eux ne faisaient pas ainsi.

18 Or quand l'Eternel leur suscitait des Juges, l'Eternel était aussi avec le Juge, et il les délivrait de la main de leurs ennemis pendant tout le temps du Juge; car l'Eternel se repentait pour les sanglots qu'ils jetaient à cause de ceux qui les opprimaient et qui les accablaient.

19 Puis il arrivait que quand le Juge mourait, ils se corrompaient de nouveau plus que leurs pères, allant après d'autres dieux pour les servir, et se prosterner devant eux; ils ne diminuaient rien de leur mauvaise conduite ni de leur train obstiné.

20 C'est pourquoi la colère de l'Eternel s'enflamma contre Israël, et il dit : Parce que cette nation a transgressé mon alliance que j'avais commandée à leurs pères, et qu'ils n ont point obéi à ma voix;

21 Aussi je ne déposséderai plus de devant eux aucune des nations que Josué laissa quand il mourut;

22 Afin d'éprouver par elles Israël, [et voir] s'ils garderont la voie de l'Eternel pour y marcher, comme leurs pères l'ont gardée, ou non.

23 L'Eternel donc laissa ces nations-là sans les déposséder sitôt, et il ne les livra point entre les mains de Josué.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

l'eternel
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dit
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entrer
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juré
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pères
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Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

voix
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côtés
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Enfants
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d'Israël
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Israël
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Josué
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héritage
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vu
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œuvres
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Fils
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Mort
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Dix
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Montagne
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Ephraïm
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côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

septentrion
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génération
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après
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connu
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Dieu
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autour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

colère
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mains
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main
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pillèrent
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vendit
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ennemis
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mal
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parlé
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délivraient
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Écouter
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prosternaient
To adore, in the Word, signifies to acknowledge and believe.

juge
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délivrait
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servir
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prosterner
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déposséderai
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Nations
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voir
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marcher
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