Juges 18

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1 En ce temps-là il n'y avait point de Roi en Israël, et en ce même temps la tribu de Dan cherchait un héritage pour soi afin d'y demeurer; car jusqu'à ce temps-là il ne lui en était point échu entre les Tribus d'Israël pour le posséder.

2 C'est pourquoi les enfants de Dan envoyèrent de leur famille cinq hommes, d'une et d'autre qualité, gens vaillants, de Tsorah et d'Estaol, pour reconnaître le pays, et le reconnaître exactement; et leur dirent : Allez [et] reconnaissez exactement le pays. Ils vinrent donc en la montagne d'Ephraïm jusqu'à la maison de Mica, et y passèrent la nuit.

3 Et quand ils furent auprès de la maison de Mica, ils reconnurent la voix du jeune homme Lévite; et s'étant détournés vers cette maison-là, ils lui dirent : Qui t'a amené ici, qu'y fais-tu? et qu'as-tu ici?

4 Et il répondit : Mica a fait pour moi telle et telle chose; il m'a donné des gages et je lui sers de Sacrificateur.

5 Ils dirent encore : Nous te prions de consulter Dieu, afin que Nous sachions si le voyage que Nous entreprenons prospérera.

6 Et le Sacrificateur leur dit : Allez en paix; l'Eternel a devant ses yeux le voyage que vous entreprenez.

7 Ces cinq hommes donc s'en allèrent, et arrivèrent à Laïs, et ils virent que le peuple de cette ville habitait en assurance, et vivait en repos, et se croyait en sûreté, à la façon des Sidoniens; et qu'il n'y avait personne au pays qui leur fît de la peine en aucune chose, parce qu'ils étaient libres de toute ancienneté; et aussi ils étaient éloignés des Sidoniens, et n'avaient commerce avec personne.

8 Puis étant revenus à leurs frères à Tsorah [et] à Estaol, leurs frères leur dirent : Que [rapportez]-vous?

9 Et ils répondirent : Allons, montons contr'eux ; car nous avons vu le pays, et nous l'avons trouvé très-bon; et vous êtes sans rien faire? ne soyez point paresseux à partir pour aller posséder le pays.

10 Quand vous y entrerez, vous viendrez vers un peuple qui se tient assuré, et en un pays de grande étendue, car Dieu l'a livré entre vos mains; c'est un lieu où il ne manque rien de tout ce qui est sur la terre.

11 Il partit donc de là, [savoir] de Tsorah et d'Estaol, six cents hommes armés de la famille de Dan.

12 Et montant, ils campèrent à Kirjath-jéharim, qui est en Juda; c'est pourquoi on a appelé ce lieu-là Mahané-dan, jusqu'à ce jour, et il est derrière Kirjath-jéharim.

13 Puis de là ils passèrent à la montagne d'Ephraïm, et arrivèrent à la maison de Mica.

14 Alors les cinq hommes qui étaient allés pour reconnaître le pays de Laïs, prenant la parole, dirent à leurs frères : Savez-vous bien qu'en ces maisons il y a un Ephod et des Théraphims, une image de taille et une de fonte ? Voyez donc maintenant ce que vous aurez à faire.

15 Alors ils se détournèrent vers ce lieu-là, et vinrent en la maison où était le jeune homme Lévite, savoir en la maison de Mica, et le saluèrent.

16 Or les six cents hommes des enfants de Dan, qui étaient sous les armes, s'arrêtèrent à l'entrée de la porte;

17 Mais les cinq hommes qui étaient allés pour reconnaître le pays, montèrent et entrèrent dans la maison, et prirent l'imagé taillée, l'Ephod, les Théraphims, et l'image de fonte, pendant que le Sacrificateur était à l'entrée de la porte, avec les six cents hommes armés.

18 Etant donc entrés dans la maison de Mica, ils prirent l'image taillée, l'Ephod, les Théraphims, et l'image de fonte. Et le Sacrificateur leur dit : Que faites-vous?

19 Et ils lui dirent : Tais-toi, et mets ta main sur ta bouche, et viens avec nous, et sois-nous pour père et pour Sacrificateur. Lequel te vaut-il mieux, d'être Sacrificateur de la maison d'un homme seul, ou d'être Sacrificateur d'une Tribu et d'une famille en Israël?

20 Et le Sacrificateur en eut de la joie en son cœur, et ayant pris l'Ephod, les Théraphims, et l'image taillée, il se mit au milieu du peuple.

21 Après quoi ils retournèrent et reprirent leur chemin, et mirent devant eux les petits enfants, le bétail, et le bagage.

22 Et quand ils furent loin de la maison de Mica, ceux qui [demeuraient] dans les maisons voisines de celle de Mica furent assemblés à grand cri; et ils atteignirent les enfants de Dan.

23 Et ils crièrent après eux; mais eux tournant visage dirent à Mica : Qu'as-tu, que tu te sois ainsi écrié pour amasser des gens?

24 Il répondit : Vous avez enlevé mes dieux que j'avais faits, vous [avez pris] le Sacrificateur, et vous en êtes allés. Et que me reste-t-il? Comment donc me dites-vous : Qu'as-tu?

25 Et les enfants de Dan lui dirent : Ne fais point entendre ta voix après nous, de peur que ces gens en colère ne se jettent sur vous, et que vous n'y laissiez la vie, toi, et tous ceux de ta famille.

26 Les enfants donc de Dan continuèrent leur chemin, mais Mica ayant vu qu'ils étaient plus forts que lui, tourna visage, et s'en revint en sa maison.

27 Ainsi ayant pris les choses que Mica avait faites, et le Sacrificateur qu'il avait, ils arrivèrent à Laïs, vers un peuple qui était en repos, et qui se tenait assuré, et ils les firent passer au fil de l'épée, et ayant mis le feu dans la ville, ils la brûlèrent.

28 Et il n'y eut personne qui la délivrât; car elle était loin de Sidon, et n'avait commerce avec personne, et elle était située en la vallée qui appartenait au [pays de] Beth-réhob : puis ils bâtirent [là] une ville, et y habitèrent.

29 Et ils nommèrent cette ville-là, Dan; selon le nom de Dan leur père qui était né à Israël, au lieu que la ville avait nom auparavant Laïs.

30 Et les enfants de Dan se dressèrent cette image taillée, et Jonathan fils de Guerson, fils de Manassé, lui et ses enfants furent Sacrificateurs pour la Tribu de Dan jusqu'au jour qu'elle partit du pays.

31 Ils y dressèrent donc l'image taillée que Mica avait faite, tout le temps que la maison de Dieu fut à Silo.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

Du Ciel et de L'Enfer 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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Významy biblických slov

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

famille
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

vinrent
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

voix
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

Jeune
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

arrivèrent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

habitait
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Frères
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

vu
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entrerez
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Terre
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six
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

appelé
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

derrière
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

passèrent
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Image
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

entrée
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

taillée
A graven image, as in Exodus 20:4, which we are commanded not to make, signifies those things in us which are not from the Lord,...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Bétail
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

tournant
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

entendre
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mais
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épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Feu
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Ville
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vallée
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Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

ville-là
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Jonathan
There is little direct teaching about Jonathan in Swedenborg. He is the son of Saul, the first king of Israel (I Samuel: 9-10) and the...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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