Juges 13

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Et les enfants d'Israël recommencèrent à faire ce qui déplaît à l'Eternel, et l'Eternel les livra entre les mains des Philistins pendant quarante ans.

2 Or il y avait un homme de Tsorah, d'une famille de ceux de Dan, dont le nom était Manoah, et sa femme était stérile, et n'avait [jamais] eu d'enfant.

3 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel apparut à cette femme-là, et lui dit : Voici, tu es stérile, et tu n'as [jamais] eu d'enfant; mais tu concevras, et enfanteras un fils.

4 Prends donc bien garde dès maintenant de ne point boire de vin ni de cervoise, et de ne manger aucune chose souillée.

5 Car voici, tu vas être enceinte, et tu enfanteras un fils, et le rasoir ne passera point sur sa tête; parce que l'enfant sera Nazarien de Dieu dès le ventre [de sa mère]; et ce sera lui qui commencera à délivrer Israël de la main des Philistins.

6 Et la femme vint, et parla à son mari, en disant : Il est venu auprès de moi un homme de Dieu, dont la face est semblable à la face d'un Ange de Dieu, fort vénérable, mais je ne l'ai point interrogé d'où il était et il ne m'a point déclaré son nom.

7 Mais il m'a dit : Voici, tu vas être enceinte, et tu enfanteras un fils. Maintenant donc ne bois point de vin ni de cervoise, et ne mange aucune chose souillée; car cet enfant sera Nazarien de Dieu dès le ventre [de sa mère] jusqu'au jour de sa mort.

8 Et Manoah pria instamment l'Eternel, et dit : Hélas, Seigneur! que l'homme de Dieu que tu as envoyé, vienne encore, je te prie, vers nous, et qu'il nous enseigne ce que nous devons faire à l'enfant, quand il sera né.

9 Et Dieu exauça la prière de Manoah. Ainsi l'Ange de Dieu vint encore à la femme comme elle était assise dans un champ; mais Manoah son mari n'était point avec elle.

10 Et la femme courut vite le rapporter à son mari, en lui disant : Voici, l'homme qui était venu l'autre jour vers moi, m'est apparu.

11 Et Manoah se leva, et suivit sa femme; et venant vers l'homme, il lui dit : Es-tu cet homme qui a parlé à cette femme-ci? Et il répondit : C'est moi.

12 Et Manoah dit : Tout ce que tu as dit arrivera; [mais] quel ordre faudra-t-il tenir envers l'enfant, et que lui faudra-t-il faire?

13 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel répondit à Manoah : La femme se gardera de toutes les choses dont je l'ai avertie.

14 Elle ne mangera rien qui sorte de la vigne, [rien en quoi il y ait] du vin; et elle ne boira ni vin ni cervoise, et ne mangera aucune chose souillée. Elle prendra garde à tout ce que je lui ai commandé.

15 Alors Manoah dit à l'Ange de l'Eternel : Je te prie, que nous te retenions, et nous t'apprêterons un chevreau de lait.

16 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel répondit à Manoah : Quand tu me retiendrais je ne mangerais point de ton pain; mais si tu fais un holocauste, tu l'offriras à l'Eternel. Or Manoah ne savait point que ce fût l'Ange de l'Eternel.

17 Et Manoah dit à l'Ange de l'Eternel : Quel est ton nom, afin que nous te fessions un présent lorsque ce que tu as dit sera arrivé?

18 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel lui dit : Pourquoi t'enquiers-tu ainsi de mon nom? car il est admirable.

19 Alors Manoah prit un chevreau de lait, et un gâteau, et les offrit à l'Eternel sur le rocher. Et l'Ange fit une chose merveilleuse à la vue de Manoah et de sa femme.

20 C'est, que la flamme montant de dessus l'autel vers les cieux, l'Ange de l'Eternel monta aussi avec la flamme de l'autel; ce que Manoah et sa femme ayant vu ils se prosternèrent le visage contre terre.

21 Et l'Ange de l'Eternel n'apparut plus à Manoah ni à sa femme. Alors Manoah connut que c'était l'Ange de l'Eternel.

22 Et Manoah dit à sa femme : Certainement nous mourrons, parce que nous avons vu Dieu.

23 Mais sa femme lui répondit : Si l'Eternel nous eût voulu faire mourir, il n'aurait pas pris de notre main l'holocauste ni le gâteau, et il ne nous aurait pas fait voir toutes ces choses, en un temps comme celui-ci, ni fait entendre les choses que nous avons entendues.

24 Puis cette femme enfanta un fils, et elle l'appela Samson; et l'enfant devint grand, et l'Eternel le bénit.

25 Et l'Esprit de l'Eternel commença de le saisir à Mahané-dan, entre Tsorah et Estaol.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 54, 939

La Nouvelle Jérusalem et sa Doctrine Céleste 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Philistins
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

quarante ans
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

famille
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

ange
'A messenger' signifies communication.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

enfant
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Garde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

boire
Food in the Bible represents the desire for good, and water and other drinks represent the understanding and true ideas we need to recognize what...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

manger
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

enceinte
To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

ventre
The belly (Psalms 16:4) signifies the interior understanding.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

mari
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

déclaré
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

m'a dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

mange
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Seigneur
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

l'homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

envoyé
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nous
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assise
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champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

rapporter
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

venant
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

a parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Vigne
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du vin
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boira
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

commandé
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pain
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savait
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autel
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Cieux
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vu
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

visage
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Terre
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mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

voir
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

temps
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entendre
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Samson
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bénit
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Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Play: The Birth of Samson
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Power of the Lord's Word
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samson Collage
Make a picture of Samson using a variety of materials. Give Samson a good head of hair using yarn or synthetic hair. 
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Samson Kills a Lion
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Samson Review Questions
Match ten questions with ten answers about the story of Samson.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Sequence the Story of Samson with Pictures
Arrange the picture cards in the order these events happened in Samson’s life. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 The Angel of the Lord Appears to Samson’s Parents
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Bodies of Spirits
The Old and New testaments give examples of people seeing angels in human form. These stories confirm that after resurrection a person will have a spiritual body like the natural body--but more perfect.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 The Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Life of Samson Story Line
A story-line graphs the ups and downs of events. Which do you think would picture the story of Samson’s life better—a straight line or a jagged line? 
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 The Meaning of Samson
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 The Story of Samson and Our Spiritual Rebirth
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 What Samson Represents
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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