Juges 11

Studovat vnitřní smysl

← Juges 10   Juges 12 →         

1 Or Jephthé Galaadite était un fort et vaillant homme, mais fils d'une paillarde, toutefois Galaad l'avait engendré.

2 Et la femme de Galaad lui avait enfanté des fils; et quand les fils de cette femme-là furent grands, ils chassèrent Jephthé, en lui disant : Tu n'auras point d'héritage dans la maison de notre père; car tu es fils d'une femme étrangère.

3 Jephthé donc s'enfuit de devant ses frères, et habita au pays de Tob; et des gens qui n'avaient rien se ramassèrent auprès de Jephthé, et ils allaient et venaient avec lui.

4 Or il arriva, quelque temps après, que les enfants de Hammon firent la guerre à Israël.

5 Et comme les enfants de Hammon faisaient la guerre à Israël, les Anciens de Galaad s'en allèrent pour ramener Jephthé du pays de Tob.

6 Et ils dirent à Jephthé : Viens, et sois notre capitaine, afin que nous combattions contre les enfants de Hammon.

7 Et Jephthé répondit aux Anciens de Galaad : N'est-ce pas vous qui m'avez haï, et chassé de la maison de mon père? et pourquoi êtes vous venus à moi maintenant que vous êtes dans l'affliction?

8 Alors les Anciens de Galaad dirent à Jephthé : La raison pourquoi nous sommes maintenant retournés à toi, c'est afin que tu viennes avec nous, et que tu combattes contre les enfants de Hammon, et que tu sois notre chef, [savoir] de nous tous qui habitons à Galaad.

9 Et Jephthé répondit aux Anciens de Galaad : Si vous me ramenez pour combattre contre les enfants de Hammon, et que l'Eternel les livre entre mes mains, je serai votre chef.

10 Et les Anciens de Galaad dirent à Jephthé : Que l'Eternel écoute entre nous, si nous ne faisons selon tout ce que tu as dit.

11 Jephthé donc s'en alla avec les Anciens de Galaad, et le peuple l'établit sur soi pour chef, et pour capitaine; et Jephthé prononça devant l'Eternel à Mitspa toutes les paroles qu'il avait dites.

12 Puis Jephthé envoya des messagers au Roi des enfants de Hammon pour lui dire : Qu'y a-t-il entre toi et moi, que tu sois venu contre moi pour faire la guerre en mon pays?

13 Et le Roi des enfants de Hammon répondit aux messagers de Jephthé : C'est parce qu'Israël a pris mon pays quand il montait d'Egypte, depuis Arnon jusqu'à Jabbok, même jusqu'au Jourdain; maintenant donc rends-moi ces contrées-là à l'amiable.

14 Mais Jephthé envoya encore des messagers au Roi des enfants de Hammon;

15 Qui lui dirent : Ainsi a dit Jephthé : Israël n'a rien pris du pays de Moab, ni du pays des enfants de Hammon.

16 Mais après qu'Israël, étant monté d'Egypte, fut venu par le désert jusqu'à la mer Rouge et fut parvenu à Kadès;

17 Et qu'il eut envoyé des messagers au Roi d'Edom, pour lui dire : Que je passe, je te prie, par ton pays; à quoi le Roi d'Edom ne voulut point entendre; et qu'il eut aussi envoyé au Roi de Moab, qui ne le voulut point non plus [entendre]; et après qu'Israël ayant demeuré à Kadès,

18 Et ayant marché par le désert, eut fait le tour du pays d'Edom, et du pays de Moab, et fut arrivé au pays de Moab du côté d'Orient, il se campa au delà d'Arnon, et n'entra point dans les frontières de Moab; parce qu'Arnon était la frontière de Moab.

19 Mais Israël envoya des messagers à Sihon, Roi des Amorrhéens, qui était Roi de Hesbon, auquel Israël fit dire : Nous te prions, que Nous passions par ton pays, jusqu'à notre lieu.

20 Mais Sihon ne se fiant point à Israël pour le laisser passer par son pays, assembla tout son peuple, et ils campèrent vers Jahats, et combattirent contre Israël.

21 Et l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël livra Sihon et tout son peuple entre les mains d'Israël, et Israël les défit, et conquit tout le pays des Amorrhéens qui habitaient en ce pays-là.

22 Ils conquirent donc tout le pays des Amorrhéens depuis Arnon jusqu'à Jabbok, et depuis le désert jusqu'au Jourdain.

23 Or maintenant que l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël a dépossédé les Amorrhéens de devant son peuple d'Israël, en aurais-tu la possession?

24 N'aurais-tu pas la possession de ce que Kémos ton dieu t'aurait donné à posséder? Ainsi nous posséderons le pays de tous ceux que l'Eternel notre dieu aura chassés de devant nous.

25 Or maintenant vaux-tu mieux en quelque sorte que ce soit que Balac, fils de Tsippor, Roi de Moab? Et lui n'a-t-il pas contesté et combattu autant qu'il a pu contre Israël?

26 Pendant qu'Israël a demeuré à Hesbon, et dans les villes de son ressort, et à Haroher, et dans les villes de son ressort, et dans toutes les villes qui sont le long d'Arnon, l'espace de trois cents ans, pourquoi ne les avez-vous pas recouvrées pendant ce temps-là?

27 Je ne t'ai donc point offensé, mais tu fais une méchante action de me faire la guerre. Que l'Eternel, qui est le Juge, Juge aujourd'hui entre les enfants d'Israël et les enfants de Hammon.

28 Mais le Roi des enfants de Hammon ne voulut point écouter les paroles que Jephthé lui avait fait dire.

29 L'Esprit de l'Eternel fut donc sur Jephthé, qui passa au travers de Galaad et de Manassé; et il passa jusqu'à Mitspé de Galaad, et de Mitspé de Galaad il passa jusqu'aux enfants de Hammon.

30 Et Jephthé voua un vœu à l'Eternel, et dit : Si tu livres les enfants de Hammon en ma main;

31 Alors tout ce qui sortira des portes de ma maison au devant de moi, quand je retournerai en paix [du pays] des enfants de Hammon, sera à l'Eternel, et je l'offrirai en holocauste.

32 Jephthé donc passa jusques où étaient les enfants de Hammon pour combattre contr'eux; et l'Eternel les livra en sa main.

33 Et il en fit un très-grand carnage, depuis Haroher jusqu'à Minnith, en vingt villes, et jusqu'à la plaine des vignes; et les enfants de Hammon furent humiliés devant les enfants d'Israël.

34 Puis comme Jephthé venait à Mitspa en sa maison, voici sa fille, qui était seule et unique, sans qu'il eût d'autre fils, ou fille, sortit au devant de lui avec tambours et flûtes.

35 Et il arriva qu'aussitôt qu'il l'eut aperçue, il déchira ses vêtements, et dit : Ha! ma fille, tu m'as entièrement abaissé, et tu es du nombre de ceux qui me troublent; car j'ai ouvert ma bouche à l'Eternel, et je ne m'en pourrai point rétracter.

36 Et elle répondit : Mon père, as-tu ouvert ta bouche à l'Eternel, fais-moi selon ce qui est sorti de ta bouche, puisque l'Eternel t'a vengé de tes ennemis, les enfants de Hammon.

37 Toutefois elle dit à son père : Que ceci me soit accordé; laisse-moi pour deux mois, afin que je m'en aille, et que je descende par les montagnes, et que je pleure ma virginité, moi et mes compagnes.

38 Et il dit : Va, et il la laissa aller pour deux mois. Elle s'en alla donc avec ses compagnes, et pleura sa virginité dans les montagnes.

39 Et au bout de deux mois elle retourna vers son père; et il lui fit selon le vœu qu'il avait voué. Or elle n'avait point connu d'homme. Et ce fut une coutume en Israël,

40 Que d'an en an les filles d'Israël allaient pour lamenter la fille de Jephthé Galaadite, quatre jours en l'année.

← Juges 10   Juges 12 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 16:5, 21:10, 26:27, 28:20, 31:50, 37:29, 34

Exode 15:20

Nombres 14:6, 25, 20:14, 20, 21:13, 21, 23, 24, 29, 22:2, 30:3, 32:34

Deutéronome 1:46, 2:8, 9, 19, 36, 20:10

Josué 7:6, 13:16, 17, 18:26, 21:43

Juges 2:1, 16, 3:10, 6:12, 9:4, 10:17, 18, 20:1, 21:21

1 Samuel 11:1, 12:11, 14:44, 24:13, 16

2 Samuel 10:6

1 Rois 11:7, 20:21

2 Chroniques 35:25

Esther 9:27

Psaumes 66:13, 14

Jérémie 42:5, 48:7, 19, 46

Ézéchiel 27:17

Hébreux 11:32

Významy biblických slov

vaillant
The word used for 'activity,' or 'energy' as in Genesis 47:6, in Hebrew also means 'strength' and 'virtue,' which, in the internal sense, means something...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

engendré
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

la femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

femme
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

des fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

s'enfuit
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

les anciens
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

chef
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

écoute
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Mitspa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

messagers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

venu
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

qu'israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

rouge
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

Kadès
'Kadesh' denotes truths, and contention about truths.

envoyé
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

entendre
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

les frontières
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

frontière
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

habitaient
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

cents
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

juge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Écouter
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

passa
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

vœu
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

des portes
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

vignes
A vineyard signifies the church where the Word is, by which the Lord is known. (Apocalypse Revealed 650)

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

tambours
'A timbrel,' as in Psalms 81:2, has respect to what is spiritual.

Vêtements
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

Ouvert
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Mois
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

les montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

connu
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

d'homme
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Les filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


Přeložit: