Juges 1

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1 Or il arriva qu'après la mort de Josué les enfants d'Israël consultèrent l'Eternel, en disant : Qui de nous montera le premier contre les Cananéens pour leur faire la guerre?

2 Et l'Eternel répondit : Juda montera; voici, j'ai livré le pays entre ses mains.

3 Et Juda dit à Siméon son frère : Monte avec moi en mon partage, et nous ferons la guerre aux Cananéens; et j'irai aussi avec toi en ton partage. Ainsi Siméon alla avec lui.

4 Juda donc monta, et l'Eternel livra les Cananéens et les Phérésiens entre leurs mains; et ils battirent en Bézec dix mille hommes.

5 Or ayant trouvé Adoni-bézec en Bézec, ils combattirent contre lui, et frappèrent les Cananéens et les Phérésiens.

6 Et Adoni-bézec s'enfuit, mais ils le poursuivirent; et l'ayant pris, ils lui coupèrent les pouces de ses mains et de ses pieds.

7 Alors Adoni-bézec dit : Soixante et dix Rois, dont les pouces des mains et des pieds avaient été coupés, ont recueilli [du pain] sous ma table; comme j'ai fait, Dieu m'a ainsi rendu; et ayant été amené à Jérusalem, il y mourut.

8 Or les enfants de Juda avaient fait la guerre contre Jérusalem, et l'avaient prise, et ils avaient fait passer [ses habitants] au tranchant de l'épée, et mis la ville en feu.

9 Puis les enfants de Juda étaient descendus pour faire la guerre aux Cananéens, qui habitaient dans les montagnes, et au Midi, et dans la plaine.

10 Juda donc s'en était allé contre les Cananéens qui habitaient à Hébron; or le nom d'Hébron était auparavant Kirjath-Arbah; et il avait frappé Sesaï, Ahiman et Talmaï.

11 Et de là il était allé contre les habitants de Débir, le nom de laquelle était auparavant Kirjath-sépher.

12 Et Caleb avait dit : Qui frappera Kirjath-sépher et la prendra, je lui donnerai ma fille Hacsa pour femme.

13 Et Hothniël, fils de Kénas, frère puîné de Caleb, la prit; et [Caleb] lui donna sa fille Hacsa pour femme.

14 Et il arriva que comme elle s'en allait, elle l'incita à demander à son père un champ; puis elle descendit impétueusement de dessus son âne; et Caleb lui dit : Qu'as-tu?

15 Et elle lui répondit : Donne-moi un présent; puisque tu m'as donné une terre sèche, Donne-moi aussi des sources d'eaux. Et Caleb lui donna les fontaines [du quartier] de dessus, et les fontaines [du quartier] de dessous.

16 Or les enfants du Kénien, beau-père de Moïse, étaient montés de la ville des palmes avec les enfants de Juda, au désert de Juda, qui est au Midi de Harad ; parce qu'ils avaient marché et demeuré avec le peuple.

17 Puis Juda s'en alla avec Siméon son frère, et ils frappèrent les Cananéens qui habitaient à Tsephath, et la détruisirent à la façon de l'interdit, c'est pourquoi on appela la ville du nom de Horma.

18 Juda prit aussi Gaza avec ses confins; Askelon avec ses confins; et Hékron avec ses confins.

19 Et l'Eternel fut avec Juda, et ils dépossédèrent [les habitants] de la montagne : mais ils ne dépossédèrent point les habitants de la vallée, parce qu'ils avaient des chariots de fer.

20 Et on donna, selon que Moïse l'avait dit, Hébron à Caleb; qui en déposséda les trois fils de Hanak.

21 Quant aux enfants de Benjamin, ils ne dépossédèrent point le Jébusien qui habitait à Jérusalem; c'est pourquoi le Jébusien a habité avec les enfants de Benjamin à Jérusalem jusqu'à ce jour.

22 Ceux aussi de la maison de Joseph montèrent contre Bethel, et l'Eternel fut avec eux.

23 Et ceux de la maison de Joseph firent reconnaître Bethel, dont le nom était auparavant, Luz.

24 Et les espions virent un homme qui sortait de la ville, auquel ils dirent : Nous te prions de Nous montrer un endroit par où l'on puisse entrer dans la ville, et Nous te ferons grâce.

25 Il leur montra donc un endroit par où l'on pouvait entrer dans la ville, et ils la firent passer au tranchant de l'épée; mais ils laissèrent aller cet homme-là, et toute sa famille.

26 Puis cet homme s'en étant allé au pays des Héthiens, y bâtit une ville, et l'appela Luz, qui est son nom jusqu'à ce jour.

27 Manassé aussi ne déposséda point [les habitants] de Beth-séan, ni des villes de son ressort, ni [les habitants] de Tahanac, ni des villes de son ressort; ni les habitants de Dor, ni des villes de son ressort; ni les habitants de Jibléham, ni des villes de son ressort, ni les habitants de Meguiddo, ni des villes de son ressort; et les Cananéens osèrent encore habiter en ce pays-là.

28 Il est vrai qu'il arriva que quand Israël fut devenu plus fort, il rendît les Cananéens tributaires; mais il ne les déposséda pas entièrement.

29 Ephraïm aussi ne déposséda point les Cananéens qui habitaient à Guézer; mais les Cananéens habitèrent avec lui à Guézer.

30 Zabulon ne déposséda point les habitants de Kitron, ni les habitants de Nahalol; mais les Cananéens habitèrent avec lui, et lui furent tributaires.

31 Aser ne déposséda point les habitants de Hacco, ni les habitants de Sidon, ni d'Ahlab, ni d'Aczib, ni d'Helba, ni d'Aphik, ni de Rehob.

32 Mais ceux d'Aser habitèrent parmi les Cananéens habitants du pays; car ils ne les dépossédèrent point.

33 Nephthali ne déposséda point les habitants de Beth-sémes, ni les habitants de Beth-hanath, mais il habita parmi les Cananéens habitants du pays; et les habitants de Beth-sémes, et de Beth-hanath lui furent tributaires.

34 Et les Amorrhéens tinrent les enfants de Dan fort resserrés dans la montagne, et ils ne souffraient point qu'ils descendissent dans la vallée.

35 Et ces Amorrhéens-là osèrent encore habiter à Har-Hérés, à Ajalon, et à Sahalbim; mais la main de la maison de Joseph étant devenue plus forte, ils furent rendus tributaires.

36 Or la contrée des Amorrhéens [était] depuis la montée de Hakrabbim, depuis la roche, et au-dessus.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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Významy biblických slov

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Siméon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

Frère
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

frappèrent
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

s'enfuit
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

pieds
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

habitaient
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

les montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

d'hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

frappé
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

fille
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

femme
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

âne
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Terre
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

habitait
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

habité
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Bethel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

Luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme-là
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

famille
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

Héthiens
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

meguiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Habiter
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Roche
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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