Josué 9

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1 Or dès que tous les Rois qui étaient au deçà du Jourdain, en la montagne, et en la plaine, et sur tout le rivage de la grande mer, jusques contre le Liban, [savoir] les Héthiens, les Amorrhéens, les Cananéens, les Phérésiens, les Héviens, et les Jébusiens, eurent appris [ces choses],

2 Ils s'assemblèrent tous pour faire la guerre à Josué et à Israël, d'un commun accord.

3 Mais les habitants de Gabaon ayant entendu ce que Josué avait fait à Jérico, et à Haï;

4 Usèrent de finesse, car ils se mirent en chemin, et contrefirent les ambassadeurs, et prirent de vieux sacs sur leurs ânes, et de vieux outres de vin qui avaient été rompus, et qui étaient rapetassés.

5 Et [ils avaient] en leurs pieds de vieux souliers raccommodés, et de vieux habits sur eux; et tout le pain de leur provision était sec, et moisi.

6 Et étant venus à Josué au camp en Guilgal, ils lui dirent, et aux principaux d'Israël : Nous sommes venus d'un pays éloigné; maintenant donc traitez alliance avec Nous.

7 Et les principaux d'Israël répondirent à ces Héviens : Peut-être que vous habitez parmi nous; et comment traiterions-nous alliance avec vous?

8 Mais ils dirent à Josué : Nous sommes tes serviteurs. Alors Josué leur dit : Qui êtes-vous? et d'où venez-vous?

9 Ils lui répondirent : Tes serviteurs sont venus d'un pays fort éloigné, sur la renommée de l'Eternel ton Dieu; car nous avons entendu sa renommée, et toutes les choses qu'il a faites en Egypte;

10 Et tout ce qu'il a fait aux deux Rois des Amorrhéens, qui étaient au delà du Jourdain, à Sihon Roi de Hesbon, et à Hog Roi de Basan qui [demeurait] à Hastaroth.

11 Et nos anciens et tous les habitants de notre pays nous ont dit ces mêmes paroles-ci : Prenez avec vous de la provision pour le chemin, et allez au-devant d'eux, et leur dites : nous sommes vos serviteurs, et maintenant traitez alliance avec nous.

12 C'est ici notre pain. Nous le prîmes de nos maisons tout chaud pour notre provision, le jour que Nous en sortîmes pour venir vers vous; mais maintenant voici, il est devenu sec, et moisi.

13 Et ce sont ici les outres de vin que nous avions remplies tout neufs, et voici ils se sont rompus; et nos habits et nos souliers sont usés à cause du long chemin.

14 Ces hommes donc avaient pris de la provision; mais on ne consulta point la bouche de l'Eternel.

15 Car Josué fit la paix avec eux, et traita avec eux [cette] alliance, qu'il les laisserait vivre; et les principaux de l'assemblée leur en firent le serment.

16 Mais il arriva trois jours après l'alliance traitée avec eux, qu'ils apprirent que c'étaient leurs voisins, et qu'ils habitaient parmi eux.

17 Car les enfants d'Israël partirent, et vinrent en leurs villes le troisième jour. Or leurs villes étaient Gabaon, Képhira, Beeroth, et Kirjath-jéharim.

18 Et les enfants d'Israël ne les frappèrent point, parce que les principaux de l'assemblée leur avaient fait serment par l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël; mais toute l'assemblée murmura contre les principaux.

19 Alors tous les principaux dirent à toute l'assemblée : Nous leur avons fait serment par l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël; c'est pourquoi nous ne les pouvons pas maintenant toucher.

20 Faisons leur ceci, et qu'on les laisse vivre, afin qu'il n'y ait point de colère contre nous, à cause du serment que nous leur avons fait.

21 Les principaux donc leur dirent qu'ils vivraient; mais ils furent employés à couper le bois, et à puiser l'eau pour toute l'assemblée, comme les principaux [le] leur dirent.

22 Car Josué les appela, et leur parla, en disant : Pourquoi nous avez-vous trompés, [en nous] disant : nous sommes fort éloignés de vous; puisque vous habitez parmi nous?

23 Maintenant donc vous êtes maudits, et il y aura toujours des esclaves d'entre vous, et des coupeurs de bois, et des puiseurs d'eau pour la maison de mon Dieu.

24 Et ils répondirent à Josué, et dirent : Après qu'il a été exactement rapporté à tes serviteurs, que l'Eternel ton Dieu avait commandé à Moïse son serviteur qu'on vous donnât tout le pays, et qu'on exterminât tous les habitants du pays de devant vous, nous avons craint extrêmement pour nos personnes à cause de vous, et nous avons fait ceci.

25 Et maintenant nous voici entre tes mains, fais nous comme il te semblera bon et juste de nous faire.

26 Il leur fit donc ainsi, et il les délivra de la main des enfants d'Israël, tellement qu'ils ne les tuèrent point.

27 Et en ce jour-là Josué les établit coupeurs de bois et puiseurs d'eau pour l'assemblée, et pour l'autel de l'Eternel, jusqu'à aujourd'hui dans le lieu qu'il choisirait.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Josué 9      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

rois
L'esprit humain est composé de deux parties, une volonté et un entendement, siège des amours et des affections, et siège de la sagesse et de...

Jourdain
Le fleuve Jourdain sépare le pays de Canaan des terres situées à l'est. Cette séparation représente la division de l'esprit humain en une partie interne...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

rivage
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Liban
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Héthiens
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Héviens
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Josué
Josué est mentionné pour la première fois dans Exode 17, où il est chargé de sélectionner des hommes pour combattre les enfants d'Israël contre les...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

entendu
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

jérico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

haï
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

sacs
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

Ânes
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

pieds
Nos pieds sont les parties les plus basses de notre corps, et ils sont très utiles ! Dans la Bible, les pieds représentent la partie...

habits
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

pain
Tout comme la nourriture naturelle nourrit le corps naturel, la nourriture spirituelle nourrit le corps spirituel. Et puisque notre corps spirituel est l'expression de ce...

sec
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

camp
Dans la Bible, les camps représentent l'ordre spirituel, c'est-à-dire l'ensemble des désirs d'une personne (ou d'une communauté ecclésiale) pour des idées bonnes et vraies sur...

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

serviteurs
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Egypte
Dans la Bible, l'Égypte signifie la connaissance et l'amour de la connaissance. Dans un bon sens, cela signifie la connaissance de la vérité du Seigneur...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Roi
L'esprit humain est composé de deux parties, une volonté et un entendement, siège des amours et des affections, et siège de la sagesse et de...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Maisons
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

remplies
Être "comblé" signifie être doté d'une qualité spirituelle. Lorsque le matériel en question est bon - eau, nourriture, personnes qui représentent de bonnes choses, etc....

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

serment
'To sware' is a binding.

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

voisins
'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

habitaient
Beaucoup de gens étaient nomades à l'époque biblique, en particulier à l'époque de l'Ancien Testament, et vivaient dans des tentes qui pouvaient être frappées, déplacées...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

partirent
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vinrent
Tous les changements de lieu dans la Bible représentent des changements d'état spirituel. "Entrer" - généralement utilisé comme entrer dans la maison de quelqu'un ou...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

troisième
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

frappèrent
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

toucher
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

bois
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

l'eau
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

commandé
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

tuèrent
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

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 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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