Josué 8

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1 Puis l'Eternel dit à Josué : Ne crains point, et ne t'effraye de rien. Prends avec toi tout le peuple propre à la guerre, et te lève, monte contre Haï; regarde, j'ai livré entre tes mains le Roi de Haï, et son peuple, et sa ville, et son pays.

2 Et tu feras à Haï, et à son Roi, comme tu as fait à Jérico, et à son Roi : seulement vous en pillerez pour vous le butin, et les bêtes. Mets des gens en embuscade derrière la ville.

3 Josué donc se leva avec tout le peuple propre à la guerre, pour monter contre Haï, et Josué choisit trente mille hommes forts et vaillants, et les envoya de nuit.

4 Et il leur commanda, disant : Voyez, vous qui serez en embuscade derrière la ville, ne vous éloignez pas beaucoup de la ville, mais tenez-vous prêts.

5 Et moi, et tout le peuple qui est avec moi, nous nous approcherons de la ville, et quand ils sortiront à notre rencontre, comme [ils ont fait] la première fois, nous nous enfuirons de devant eux.

6 Ainsi ils sortiront après nous, jusqu'à ce que nous les ayons attirés hors de la ville; car ils diront : Ils fuient devant nous comme la première fois; parce que nous fuirons devant eux.

7 Mais vous vous lèverez de l'embuscade, et vous vous saisirez de la ville; car l'Eternel votre Dieu la livrera entre vos mains.

8 Et quand vous l'aurez prise, vous y mettrez le feu; vous ferez selon la parole de l'Eternel. Regardez, je vous l'ai commandé.

9 Josué donc les envoya, et ils allèrent se mettre en embuscade, et se tinrent entre Béthel et Haï, à l'Occident de Haï; mais Josué demeura cette nuit-là avec le peuple.

10 Puis Josué se leva de bon matin, et dénombra le peuple; et il monta lui et les anciens d'Israël, devant le peuple vers Haï.

11 Et tout le peuple propre à la guerre, qui [était] avec lui, monta, et s'approcha, et ils vinrent vis-à-vis de la ville, et se campèrent du côté du Septentrion de Haï; et la vallée était entre lui et Haï.

12 Il prit aussi environ cinq mille hommes, lesquels il mit en embuscade entre Béthel et Haï, à l'Occident de Haï.

13 Et le peuple mit tout le camp qui était du côté du Septentrion contre la ville, et l'embuscade, à l'Occident de la ville; et cette nuit-là Josué s'avança dans la vallée.

14 Or il arriva qu'aussitôt que le Roi de Haï l'eut vu, les hommes de la ville se hâtèrent, et se levèrent de bon matin, et au temps marqué le Roi et tout son peuple sortirent à la campagne contre Israël pour le combattre. Or il ne savait pas qu'il y eût des gens en embuscade contre lui derrière la ville.

15 Alors Josué et tout Israël [feignant d'être] battus à leur rencontre s'enfuirent par le chemin du désert.

16 C'est pourquoi tout le peuple qui était dans la ville, fut assemblé à grand cri pour les poursuivre; et ils poursuivirent Josué; et ils furent [ainsi] attirés hors de la ville;

17 De sorte qu'il ne resta pas un seul homme dans Haï ni dans Béthel qui ne sortît après Israël; ils laissèrent la ville ouverte, et ils poursuivirent Israël.

18 Alors l'Eternel dit à Josué : Etends l'étendard qui est en ta main, vers Haï; car je la livrerai entre tes mains, et Josué étendit vers la ville l'étendard qui était en sa main.

19 Et ceux qui étaient en embuscade se levèrent incontinent du lieu où ils étaient; ils commencèrent à courir aussitôt que [Josué] eut étendu sa main; ils vinrent dans la ville, la prirent, et ils se hâtèrent de mettre le feu dans la ville.

20 Et les gens de Haï se tournant derrière eux, regardèrent; et voici, la fumée de la ville montait jusqu'au ciel : et il n'y eut en eux aucune force pour fuir : et le peuple qui fuyait vers le désert, se tourna contre ceux qui le poursuivaient.

21 Et Josué et tout Israël voyant que ceux qui étaient en embuscade avaient pris la ville, et que la fumée de la ville montait, se retournèrent, et frappèrent les gens de Haï.

22 Les autres aussi sortirent de la ville contr'eux; ainsi ils furent [enveloppés] par les Israélites, les uns deçà, et les autres delà; et ils furent tellement battus qu'on n'en laissa aucun qui demeurât en vie, ou qui échappât.

23 Ils prirent aussi vif le Roi de Haï, et le présentèrent à Josué.

24 Et quand les Israélites eurent achevé de tuer tous les habitants de Haï sur les champs, au désert où ils les avaient poursuivis, et que tous furent tombés sous le tranchant de l'épée, jusqu'à être entièrement défaits, tous les Israélites se tournèrent vers Haï, et la frappèrent au tranchant de l'épée.

25 Et tous ceux qui tombèrent ce jour-là, tant des hommes que des femmes, furent [au nombre de] douze mille, tous gens de Haï.

26 Et Josué ne retira point sa main, laquelle il avait élevée en haut avec l'étendard, qu'on n'eut entièrement défait à la façon de l'interdit, tous les habitants de Haï.

27 Seulement les Israélites pillèrent pour eux les bêtes et le butin de cette ville-là, suivant ce que l'Eternel avait commandé à Josué.

28 Josué donc brûla Haï, et la mit en un monceau perpétuel [de ruines], et en un désert, jusqu'à aujourd'hui.

29 Puis il fit pendre le Roi de Haï à une potence, jusqu'au temps du soir : et comme le soleil se couchait, Josué fit commandement, qu'on descendît de la potence son corps mort, lequel on jeta à l'entrée de la porte de la ville, et on dressa sur lui un grand amas de pierres, [qui y est demeuré] jusqu'à aujourd'hui.

30 Alors Josué bâtit un autel à l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël, sur la montagne de Hébal;

31 Comme Moïse serviteur de l'Eternel l'avait commandé aux enfants d'Israël, ainsi qu'il est écrit au Livre de la Loi de Moïse. Il fit cet autel de pierres entières sur lesquelles personne n'avait levé le fer; et ils offrirent dessus des holocaustes à l'Eternel, et sacrifièrent des sacrifices de prospérités.

32 Il écrivit aussi là sur des pierres un double de la Loi de Moïse, laquelle [Moïse] avait mise par écrit devant les enfants d'Israël.

33 Et tout Israël, et ses anciens, et ses Officiers, et ses juges étaient au deçà et au delà de l'Arche, vis-à-vis des Sacrificateurs qui sont de la race de Lévi, portant l'Arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel, tant les étrangers que les Hébreux naturels; une moitié étant contre la montagne de Guérizim, et l'autre moitié contre la montagne de Hébal, comme Moïse serviteur de l'Eternel l'avait commandé, pour bénir le peuple d'Israël la première fois.

34 Et après cela il lut tout haut toutes les paroles de la Loi, tant les bénédictions que les malédictions, selon tout ce qui est écrit au Livre de la Loi.

35 Il n'y eut rien de tout ce que Moïse avait commandé, que Josué ne lût tout haut devant toute l'assemblée d'Israël, des femmes, et des petits enfants, et des étrangers conversant parmi eux.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

monte
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

haï
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

jérico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

derrière
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

monter
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

trente
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

rencontre
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

première
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

après
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Regardez
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Matin
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vinrent
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

savait
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

s'enfuirent
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Poursuivre
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

tournant
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Fumée
'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

ciel
Dans la Bible, "l'air" représente la pensée, mais d'une manière très générale - plus comme notre capacité à percevoir des idées et la façon dont...

Fuir
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

poursuivaient
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

voyant
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

pris
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

frappèrent
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Israélites
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tuer
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

femmes
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

ville-là
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Perpétuel
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

aujourd'hui
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Pendre
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

soir
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

commandement
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

corps
The body (Matt. 6:22), signifies the man (homo). "His body shall not remain all night upon the tree" (Deut. 21:23), signifies lest it should be...

entrée
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Porte
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

autel
Le premier autel mentionné dans le Verbe a été construit par Noé après sa sortie de l'arche. Sur cet autel, il a sacrifié des animaux...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

écrit
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Le fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

des pierres
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

étrangers
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

bénir
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

malédictions
The Lord is love itself, and his love for us never wavers and never changes. What does waver and change is the degree to which...

Assemblée
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

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