Josué 4

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1 Or il arriva que quand tout le peuple eut achevé de passer le Jourdain, parce que l'Eternel avait parlé à Josué; [et lui avait] dit :

2 Prenez du peuple douze hommes, [savoir] un homme de chaque Tribu;

3 Et leur commandez, en disant : Prenez d'ici du milieu du Jourdain, du lieu où les Sacrificateurs s'arrêtent [de pied] ferme, douze pierres, que vous emporterez avec vous, et vous les poserez au lieu où vous logerez cette nuit.

4 Josué appela les douze hommes qu'il avait ordonnés d'entre les enfants d'Israël, un homme de chaque Tribu;

5 Et il leur dit : Passez devant l'Arche de l'Eternel votre Dieu, au milieu du Jourdain, et que chacun de vous lève une pierre sur son épaule, selon le nombre des Tribus des enfants d'Israël;

6 Afin que cela soit un signe parmi vous; [et] quand vos enfants interrogeront à l'avenir leurs pères, en disant : Que signifient ces pierres-ci?

7 Alors vous leur répondrez que les eaux du Jourdain ont été suspendues devant l'Arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel, que les eaux, [dis-je], du Jourdain ont été arrêtées quand elle passa le Jourdain; c'est pourquoi ces pierres-là serviront de mémorial aux enfants d'Israël à jamais.

8 Les enfants d'Israël donc firent comme Josué avait commandé. Ils prirent douze pierres du milieu du Jourdain, ainsi que l'Eternel l'avait commandé à Josué, selon le nombre des Tribus des enfants d'Israël, ils les emportèrent avec eux au lieu où ils devaient loger, et les posèrent là.

9 Josué aussi dressa douze pierres au milieu du Jourdain, au lieu où les pieds des Sacrificateurs qui portaient l'Arche de l'alliance s'étaient arrêtés; [et] elles y sont demeurées jusqu'à ce jour.

10 Les Sacrificateurs donc qui portaient l'Arche, se tinrent debout au milieu du Jourdain, jusqu'à ce que tout ce que l'Eternel avait commandé à Josué de dire au peuple fût accompli, suivant toutes les choses que Moïse avait commandées à Josué; et le peuple se hâta de passer.

11 Et quand tout le peuple eut achevé de passer, alors l'Arche de l'Eternel passa, et les Sacrificateurs devant le peuple.

12 Et les enfants de Ruben, et les enfants de Gad, et la moitié de la Tribu de Manassé passèrent en armes devant les enfants d'Israël, comme Moïse leur avait dit.

13 Ils passèrent, [dis-je], vers les campagnes de Jérico environ quarante mille hommes en équipage de guerre, devant l'Eternel, pour combattre.

14 En ce jour-là l'Eternel éleva Josué, à la vue de tout Israël, et ils le craignirent comme ils avaient craint Moïse, tous les jours de sa vie.

15 Or l'Eternel avait parlé à Josué, en disant :

16 Commande aux Sacrificateurs, qui portent l'Arche du Témoignage, qu'ils montent hors du Jourdain.

17 Et Josué avait commandé aux Sacrificateurs, en disant : Montez hors du Jourdain.

18 Or sitôt que les Sacrificateurs, qui portaient l'Arche de l'alliance de l'Eternel, furent montés hors du milieu du Jourdain, et que les Sacrificateurs eurent mis sur le sec les plantes de leurs pieds, les eaux du Jourdain retournèrent en leur lieu, et coulèrent comme auparavant, par dessus tous les rivages.

19 Le peuple donc monta hors du Jourdain le dixième jour du premier mois, et ils se campèrent en Guilgal, à l'Orient de Jérico.

20 Josué aussi dressa en Guilgal ces douze pierres qu'ils avaient prises du Jourdain.

21 Et il parla aux enfants d'Israël, et leur dit : Quand vos enfants interrogeront à l'avenir leurs pères, et leur diront : Que [signifient] ces pierres-ci?

22 Vous l'apprendrez à vos enfants, en [leur] disant, Israël a passé ce Jourdain à sec.

23 Car l'Eternel votre Dieu fit tarir les eaux du Jourdain devant vous, jusqu'à ce que vous fussiez passés ; comme l'Eternel votre Dieu avait fait à la mer Rouge, laquelle il mit à sec devant nous, jusqu'à ce que nous fussions passés.

24 Afin que tous les peuples de la terre connaissent que la main de l'Eternel est forte; [et] afin que vous craigniez toujours l'Eternel votre Dieu.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

La Doctrine de Vie pour la Nouvelle Jerusalem 59

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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Romains 9:17

Apocalypse 15:4

Významy biblických slov

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hommes
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Milieu
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Pied
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

nuit
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

passez
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

l'arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

arche
Il y a trois arches mentionnées dans la Parole, l'arche de Noé, l'arche des joncs pour l'enfant Moïse, et l'arche de l'alliance dans le tabernacle....

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

signe
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

eaux
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

passa
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Mémorial
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

pieds
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

tinrent
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

debout
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

dire
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

passèrent
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

jérico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

vue
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

craignirent
La peur de l'inconnu et la peur du changement sont deux idées communes, qui couvrent ensemble un large spectre des peurs que nous avons tendance...

commande
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Mois
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

passé
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

passés
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

rouge
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

sec
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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