Josué 24

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Josué 23   Juges 1 →         

1 Josué assembla aussi toutes les Tribus d'Israël en Sichem, et appela les Anciens d'Israël, et ses chefs, et ses juges, et ses officiers, qui se présentèrent devant Dieu.

2 Et Josué dit à tout le peuple : Ainsi a dit l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël : Vos pères, Taré père d'Abraham, et père de Nacor, ont anciennement habité au delà du fleuve, et ont servi d'autres dieux.

3 Mais j'ai pris votre père Abraham de delà le fleuve, et je l'ai fait aller par tout le pays de Canaan, et j'ai multiplié sa postérité, et lui ai donné Isaac.

4 Et j'ai donné à Isaac, Jacob et Esaü; et j'ai donné à Esaü le mont de Séhir, pour le posséder; mais Jacob et ses enfants sont descendus en Egypte.

5 Puis j'ai envoyé Moïse et Aaron, et j'ai frappé l'Egypte, selon ce que j'ai fait au milieu d'elle; puis je vous en ai fait sortir.

6 J'ai donc fait sortir vos pères hors d'Egypte, et vous êtes venus aux [quartiers] qui sont vers la mer; et les Egyptiens ont poursuivi vos pères avec des chariots et des gens de cheval, jusqu'à la mer rouge.

7 Alors ils crièrent à l'Eternel, et il mit une obscurité entre vous et les Egyptiens, et fit revenir sur eux la mer, qui les couvrit; et vos yeux virent ce que je fis contre les Egyptiens; puis vous avez demeuré longtemps au désert.

8 Ensuite je vous ai amenés au pays des Amorrhéens, qui habitaient au delà du Jourdain; et ils combattirent contre vous, mais je les livrai en vos mains, et vous avez pris possession de leur pays, et je les ai exterminés de devant vous.

9 Balak aussi, fils de Tsippor, Roi de Moab, s'éleva, et fit la guerre à Israël; et envoya appeler Balaam, fils de Béhor, pour vous maudire;

10 Mais je ne voulus point écouter Balaam; il vous bénit très-expressément, et je vous délivrai de la main de Balak.

11 Et vous passâtes le Jourdain, et vîntes près de Jérico, et les Seigneurs de Jérico, et les Amorrhéens, les Phérésiens, les Cananéens, les Héthiens, les Guirgasiens, les Héviens, et les Jébusiens vous firent la guerre, et je les livrai en vos mains.

12 Et j'envoyai devant vous des frelons qui les chassèrent de devant vous, [comme] les deux Rois de ces Amorrhéens-là. Ce n'a point été par ton épée ou par ton arc.

13 Et je vous ai donné une terre que vous n'aviez point labourée, et des villes, que vous n'aviez point bâties, et vous y habitez; et vous mangez [les fruits] des vignes et des oliviers que vous n'avez point plantés.

14 Maintenant donc craignez l'Eternel, et servez-le en intégrité, et en vérité; et ôtez les dieux que vos pères ont servis au delà du fleuve, et en Egypte; et servez l'Eternel.

15 Que s'il vous déplaît de servir l'Eternel, choisissez-vous aujourd'hui qui vous voulez servir, ou les dieux que vos pères qui étaient au delà du fleuve, ont servis, ou les dieux des Amorrhéens, au pays desquels vous habitez; mais pour moi et ma maison, nous servirons l'Eternel.

16 Alors le peuple répondit, et dit : A Dieu ne plaise que nous abandonnions l'Eternel pour servir d'autres dieux!

17 Car l'Eternel notre Dieu est celui qui nous a fait monter, nous et nos pères, hors du pays d'Egypte, de la maison de servitude, et qui a fait devant nos yeux ces grands signes, et qui nous a gardés dans tout le chemin par lequel nous avons marché, et entre tous les peuples parmi lesquels nous avons passé.

18 Et l'Eternel a chassé devant nous tous les peuples, et même les Amorrhéens qui habitaient en ce pays ; nous servirons donc l'Eternel, car il est notre Dieu.

19 Et Josué dit au peuple : Vous ne pourrez pas servir l'Eternel, car c'est le Dieu saint, c'est le [Dieu] Fort, qui est jaloux, il ne pardonnera point votre révolte, ni vos péchés.

20 Quand vous aurez abandonné l'Eternel, et que vous aurez servi les dieux des étrangers, il se retournera, et vous fera du mal, et il vous consumera après vous avoir fait du bien.

21 Et le peuple dit à Josué : Non; mais nous servirons l'Eternel.

22 Et Josué dit au peuple : Vous êtes témoins contre vous-mêmes que vous avez vous-mêmes choisi l'Eternel pour le servir. Et ils répondirent : Nous en sommes témoins.

23 Maintenant donc ôtez les dieux des étrangers qui sont parmi vous, et tournez votre cœur vers l'Eternel le Dieu d'Israël.

24 Et le peuple répondit à Josué : Nous servirons l'Eternel notre Dieu, et nous obéirons à sa voix.

25 Josué donc traita alliance en ce jour-là avec le peuple; et il lui proposa des statuts et des ordonnances en Sichem.

26 Et Josué écrivit ces paroles au livre de la Loi de Dieu. Il prit aussi une grande pierre, et l'éleva là sous un chêne qui était au Sanctuaire de l'Eternel.

27 Et Josué dit à tout le peuple : Voici, cette pierre nous sera en témoignage; car elle a ouï toutes les paroles de l'Eternel lesquelles il nous a dites; et elle sera en témoignage contre vous, de peur qu'il n'arrive que vous mentiez contre votre Dieu.

28 Puis Josué renvoya le peuple, chacun en son héritage.

29 Or il arriva après ces choses, que Josué, fils de Nun, serviteur de l'Eternel, mourut, âgé de cent dix ans.

30 Et on l'ensevelit dans les bornes de son héritage, à Timnath-sérah, qui est en la montagne d'Ephraïm, du côté du Septentrion de la montagne de Gahas.

31 Et Israël servit l'Eternel tout le temps de Josué, et tout le temps des Anciens qui survécurent à Josué, qui avaient connu toutes les œuvres de l'Eternel, qu'il avait faites pour Israël.

32 On ensevelit aussi à Sichem les os de Joseph, que les enfants d'Israël avaient apportés d'Egypte, en un endroit du champ que Jacob avait acheté cent pièces d'argent des enfants d'Hémor, père de Sichem; et ils furent en héritage aux enfants de Joseph.

33 Et Eléazar, fils d'Aaron mourut, et on l'ensevelit au coteau de Phinées son fils, qui lui avait été donné en la montagne d'Ephraïm.

← Josué 23   Juges 1 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 24      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 24: The covenant at Shechem and the death of Joshua.

In the beginning of this final chapter, Joshua recounts God’s work for Israel in great detail, spanning the time before Abraham through Isaac and Jacob, the Israelites’ time as slaves in Egypt, and the exodus through the wilderness for many years, culminating with crossing the Jordan and taking Jericho.

Joshua then told the people of Israel that they were to choose whom they would serve: the gods of their fathers, or the Lord God of Israel. The people strongly affirmed that they would follow the Lord and be faithful to Him. They repeated this several times. Then Joshua told them that they were witnesses of their choice, and he renewed the covenant with them there, at Shechem. To mark the covenant, Joshua took a large stone and set it up as a witness to remind the Israelites of what they had sworn that day.

And after all of this, Joshua died, and was buried within his inheritance at Timnath Serah. Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and continued to serve the Lord for some time after. And also Eleazar, the chief priest of Israel, died.

The bones of Joseph, which had been carried by Israel since they left slavery in Egypt, were then given their final resting place at Shechem in a plot of land originally bought by the family of Joseph.

The spiritual meaning of this chapter is all about commitment and devotion in our relationship with the Lord. Joshua’s review of events at the beginning is a reminder that the Lord leads us through life, with all its trials and blessings (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 18). In the work of regeneration, a high state of peace and of the Lord’s presence in us is followed by a state where we are in temptation and under attack from hell. In contrast, a state of temptation in which we stand firm and depend on the Lord leads to a state of trust, confidence, and the return of the Lord’s peace (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 933[2]).

Our spiritual life involves many repeated choices. This is why it is significant that the Israelites repeated their promise to serve the Lord so many times. We may feel that our decision to follow the Lord is a final one, but the reality is that we uphold (or refute) this decision in our actions each and every day. We will need to choose time and time again, even though we believe we would always choose the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 321[5]).

A covenant is a formal agreement. Biblical covenants are between people and the Lord. The Lord will always honor his part in the covenant, and we are to ensure that we will honor our part. Spiritually, the covenant is about the empowerment in declaring our commitment to the Lord. ‘This I will do.’ There is no longer any uncertainty or vagueness about our commitment to God. It has been sealed (Arcana Caelestia 1038).

The fact that Joshua commemorates the covenant with a stone also has important spiritual significance for us. A stone represents the strength and durability of truth when it becomes a permanent factor in our life. Committing to follow the Lord’s truths gives us a sturdy foundation in life.

When a story in the Bible mentions death, it always reflects the changing of some state in us. When Joshua and Eleazar the priest die, it is like moving on from a state which has served us well into a new and different state. In our regeneration, the Lord wants us to keep exploring new thoughts and decisions, so that we are always progressing and never complacent (Arcana Caelestia 1382).

The mention of Joseph’s bones at the very end of the chapter is also very significant. These bones of Joseph stand for the continuity of the Lord’s truth, wisdom and providence with us and for us. They also stand for the preservation of all that happens in a person’s life. All of these events make us the people we are, and will always keep shaping our spirit (Arcana Caelestia 6592).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1356, 1441, 1444, 1992, 2826, 2913, 2916, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 659

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 50

Spiritual Experiences 2354

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genèse 11:26, 27, 12:1, 21:2, 3, 25:24, 26, 28:18, 31:19, 33:19, 35:2, 4, 36:8, 9, 46:1, 6, 7, 48:22, 50:25, 26

Exode 6:23, 25, 27, 7:7, 12:41, 51, 13:3, 14, 19, 14:1, 2, 9, 10, 20, 27, 31, 15:25, 19:8, 20:5, 23:2, 21, 23, 28, 24:3, 4, 34:14

Lévitique 11:44, 45

Nombres 20:28, 21:21, 25, 31, 32, 22:2, 5, 24:10, 36:7, 9

Deutéronome 4:34, 46, 47, 6:11, 13, 7:19, 10:21, 11:2, 7, 19:1, 26:17, 29:2, 9, 11, 31:4, 19, 32:9, 12

Josué 2:10, 3:10, 4:1, 10, 11, 19, 5:6, 6:6, 9:2, 11:13, 19:50, 20:7, 22:6, 27, 28, 29, 34, 23:2, 9

Juges 2:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 9:6, 17:1, 20:26

1 Samuel 10:19, 12:24, 25

2 Samuel 23:30

1 Rois 18:21

2 Rois 11:17, 23:1

1 Chroniques 28:8

2 Chroniques 13:10, 15:2, 12, 14, 15, 34:33

Néhémie 11:20

Psaumes 44:4, 80:10, 81:10, 89:31, 99:3, 105:43, 119:106, 135:11

Ésaïe 2:9

Ézéchiel 20:7, 39

Amos 2:9, 10

Michée 6:5, 8

Matthieu 24, 26:72

Jean 4:5

Les Actes des Apôtres 7:16, 45, 10:33

Hébreux 11:22

Významy biblických slov

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

les anciens
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

d'abraham
Abraham (ou Abram, comme il est nommé au début de son histoire) est l'un des personnages principaux de l'histoire des écritures sacrées. Il est l'ancêtre...

Abraham
Abraham (ou Abram, comme il est nommé au début de son histoire) est l'un des personnages principaux de l'histoire des écritures sacrées. Il est l'ancêtre...

habité
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

fleuve
A flood signifies truths in abundance. The flood, as in Genesis 7, not only signifies the temptations which the man of the church called Noah...

dieux
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Isaac
'Isaac' represents spiritual love. 'Isaac,' in Genesis 17:19, signifies the rational divine. 'Isaac' signifies the Lord's divine rational in reference to divine good. Isaac' signifies...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

Esaü
Esau (Gen. 28:5, etc.) signifies the truth of good in the natural principle. Esau (Gen. 32:3) signifies celestial good in the natural principle.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Egypte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

envoyé
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Aaron
Aaron était le frère de Moïse. Il symbolise deux choses, l'une pendant la première partie de l'exode, lorsqu'il était le porte-parole de Moïse, et l'autre...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Egyptiens
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

poursuivi
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

rouge
Flags, as in Exodus 2:3, signify scientific falsities.

yeux
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

habitaient
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

Balaam
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

Écouter
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

bénit
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

jérico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Héthiens
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Héviens
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Frelons
'Hornets,' as mentioned in Exodus 23:28, signify falsities of a tormenting and destructive kind, striking with formidable terror, or the dread of those who are...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

arc
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

Terre
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

bâties
Construire quelque chose signifie généralement assembler une variété de pièces plus simples pour en faire une structure utile et plus complexe, comme pour construire une...

vignes
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

en vérité
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

vérité
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

servir
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

signes
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

passé
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

péchés
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

après
Selon Swedenborg, le temps et l'espace n'existent pas dans la réalité spirituelle ; ce sont des choses purement naturelles qui n'existent que sur le plan...

voix
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

ordonnances
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

Pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

cent
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

connu
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

œuvres
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

OS
Les os sont forts et nous soutiennent, ils fournissent un cadre à notre corps et rendent possible le mouvement et l'action. Ils sont également la...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

champ
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

d'aaron
Aaron était le frère de Moïse. Il symbolise deux choses, l'une pendant la première partie de l'exode, lorsqu'il était le porte-parole de Moïse, et l'autre...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Blessings: Being a Good Neighbor
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Blessings: Hearing the Lord
Blessings to say at mealtime.
Activity | Ages over 7

 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Eleazar, Son of Aaron, the Priest
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Following the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of Joshua, Hero for the Lord
Identify stories in which Joshua demonstrates heroic qualities such as bravery, kindness, responsibility, loyalty, honesty, perseverance, strength and obedience.
Project | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review Questions for the Book of Joshua
Review questions for the book of Joshua.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Renewal of the Covenant Diorama
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 We Will Serve the Lord (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14


Přeložit: