Josué 23

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1 Or il arriva plusieurs jours après, que l'Eternel ayant donné du repos à Israël de tous leurs ennemis à l'environ, Josué était vieux, fort avancé en âge.

2 Et Josué appela tout Israël, ses Anciens, et ses chefs, et ses juges, et ses officiers, et leur dit : Je suis devenu vieux, fort avancé en âge.

3 Vous avez vu aussi tout ce que l'Eternel votre Dieu a fait à toutes ces nations, à cause de vous; car l'Eternel votre Dieu est celui qui combat pour vous.

4 Voyez, je vous ai partagé par sort en héritage selon vos Tribus, [le pays de] ces nations qui sont restées, depuis le Jourdain, et [le pays de] toutes les nations que j'ai exterminées, jusqu'à la grande mer, vers le soleil couchant.

5 Et l'Eternel votre Dieu les chassera de devant vous, et les dépossédera; et vous posséderez leur pays en héritage, comme l'Eternel votre Dieu vous [en] a parlé.

6 Fortifiez-vous donc de plus en plus, pour garder et faire tout ce qui est écrit au livre de la Loi de Moïse; afin que vous ne vous en détourniez ni à droite ni à gauche;

7 Et que vous ne vous mêliez point avec ces nations qui sont restées parmi vous; que vous ne fassiez point mention du nom de leurs dieux; et que vous ne fassiez jurer personne [par eux], et que vous ne les serviez point, et ne vous prosterniez point devant eux.

8 Mais attachez-vous à l'Eternel votre Dieu, comme vous avez fait jusqu'à ce jour.

9 C'est pour cela que l'Eternel a dépossédé de devant vous des nations grandes et fortes; et quant à vous, nul n'a subsisté devant vous jusqu'à ce jour.

10 Un seul homme d'entre vous en poursuivra mille; car l'Eternel votre Dieu est celui qui combat pour vous, comme il vous en a parlé.

11 Prenez donc garde soigneusement sur vos âmes, que vous aimiez l'Eternel votre Dieu.

12 Autrement si vous vous en détournez en aucune manière et que vous vous attachiez au reste de ces nations, [savoir] à ceux qui sont demeurés de reste avec vous, et que vous fassiez alliance avec eux, et que vous vous mêliez avec eux, et eux avec vous;

13 Sachez certainement que l'Eternel votre Dieu ne continuera plus à déposséder ces nations devant vous; mais elles vous seront en pièges, et en filet, et comme un fléau à vos côtés, et comme des épines à vos yeux, jusqu'à ce que vous périssiez de dessus cette bonne terre que l'Eternel votre Dieu vous a donnée.

14 Or voici, je m'en vais aujourd'hui par le chemin de toute la terre; et vous connaîtrez dans tout votre cœur, et dans toute votre âme qu'il n'est point tombé un seul mot de toutes les bonnes paroles que l'Eternel votre Dieu a dites de vous; tout vous est arrivé, il n'en est pas tombé un seul mot.

15 Et il arrivera que comme toutes les bonnes paroles que l'Eternel votre Dieu vous avait dites vous sont arrivées; ainsi l'Eternel fera venir sur vous toutes les mauvaises paroles, jusqu'à ce qu'il vous ait exterminés de dessus cette bonne terre que l'Eternel votre Dieu vous a donnée.

16 Quand vous aurez transgressé l'alliance de l'Eternel votre Dieu, qu'il vous a commandée, et que vous serez allés servir d'autres dieux, et vous serez prosternés devant eux, la colère de l'Eternel s'enflammera contre vous, et vous périrez incontinent de dessus cette bonne terre qu'il vous a donnée.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 23      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 23: Joshua’s farewell address to all Israel.

Now that the people of Israel are living in the land of Canaan according to the Lord’s promise to them, Joshua, now old, gathers Israel together and offers the people his final words. It is a review of God’s faithfulness to them, His power in their victories, the gift of a good land in which they may live, and finally, a warning: they must not turn away from the Lord and follow the gods of other nations, or the Lord’s anger will follow them.

The spiritual meaning of Joshua’s address is about our experience of the Lord’s activity in our lives, our responsibilities in the work of regeneration, and what happens in us when we drift away from our relationship with the Lord. Every part of Joshua’s speech touches on these subjects, and it is a shining statement for our spiritual well-being. We will look at each part of what Joshua says and their spiritual meanings.

Joshua called for all Israel, and for all of their leaders - their elders, their heads, their judges and their officers. Spiritually, what leads and commands our mind is what we hold as true, which then informs our actions.

Joshua says he is old and advanced in age. Spiritually, this stands for acquiring wisdom during regeneration. Perhaps ‘advanced’, with its range of meanings, is a clue here.

Then Joshua turns to the Lord and the conquest. Joshua reminds the Israelites of what the Lord has given them, and says that the Lord will help them drive out the remaining nations until the whole land is theirs. Spiritually, this is about the ways in which the Lord guides us through regeneration, and how He will be present in our continuing spiritual work.

Joshua then urges Israel to keep the law of Moses and not turn away from it, nor go among other nations who are alongside Israel, nor mention their gods, nor swear by them or serve them or bow down to them. For us, this means following the Lord, and not giving in to the other influences that could lead our lives - for example, greed or ambition. If we do give thought to these other things, they can entrap us. It is enough for us to see them in our mind and quickly refuse their place there.

Joshua then says that because the Lord has been fighting for Israel, no one has been able to stand against them. In verse 10, he says, “One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the Lord your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.” This means when we acknowledge that the Lord rules our life and empowers us, the influences of hell will be powerless against our resolve.

Joshua then tells Israel that if they do turn to the other nations and their gods, the Lord would no longer drive out these nations, and they would become snares and traps for Israel. This is about the spiritual consequences of going against the Lord. This will inevitably bring on its own dangers, and we can be drawn in without realizing. The Lord can only drive out our spiritual enemies when we turn to Him for guidance.

Finally, Joshua says that not one thing God intended for Israel has failed to happen; so, just as God had given Israel many blessings, He would bring harm on Israel if they grew unfaithful. In our spiritual lives, this is only how things appear. We may feel that God is punishing us at times, but in reality we bring harm on ourselves when we no longer follow the Lord. So, Joshua says, the good land would be taken from them, just as the delight of heavenly life is taken from us if we turn away from the Lord.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 1664, 2575

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