Josué 21

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1 Or les chefs des pères des Lévites vinrent à Eléazar le Sacrificateur, et à Josué, fils de Nun, et aux chefs des pères des Tribus des enfants d'Israël,

2 Et leur parlèrent, à Silo dans le pays de Canaan, en disant : L'Eternel a commandé par le moyen de Moïse qu'on nous donnât des villes pour habiter, et leurs faubourgs pour nos bêtes.

3 Et ainsi les enfants d'Israël donnèrent de leur héritage aux Lévites, suivant le commandement de l'Eternel, ces villes-ci avec leurs faubourgs.

4 Et on tira au sort pour les familles des Kéhathites. Or il échut par sort aux enfants d'Aaron le Sacrificateur qui étaient d'entre les Lévites, treize villes, de la Tribu de Juda, et de la Tribu des Siméonites, et de la Tribu de Benjamin.

5 Et il échut par sort au reste des enfants de Kéhath dix villes des familles de la Tribu d'Ephraïm, et de la Tribu de Dan, et de la moitié de la Tribu de Manassé.

6 Et les enfants de Guerson eurent par sort treize villes, des familles de la Tribu d'Issacar, et de la Tribu d'Aser, et de la Tribu de Nephthali, et de la demi-Tribu de Manassé en Basan.

7 Et les enfants de Mérari selon leurs familles, [eurent] douze villes, de la Tribu de Ruben, et de la Tribu de Gad, et de la Tribu de Zabulon.

8 Les enfants donc d'Israël donnèrent donc par sort aux Lévites ces villes-là avec leurs faubourgs, selon que l'Eternel l'avait commandé par le moyen de Moïse.

9 Ils donnèrent donc de la Tribu des enfants de Juda, et de la Tribu des enfants de Siméon, ces villes, qui vont être nommées par leurs noms.

10 Et elles furent pour ceux des enfants d'Aaron, qui étaient des familles des Kéhathites, enfants de Lévi, car le premier sort fut pour eux.

11 On leur donna donc Kirjath-Arbah; [or Arbah était] père de Hanak, [et] Kirjath-Arbah est Hébron, en la montagne de Juda, avec ses faubourgs tout à l'entour.

12 Mais quant au territoire de la ville, et à ses villages, on les donna à Caleb, fils de Jéphunné, pour sa possession.

13 On donna donc aux enfants d'Aaron le Sacrificateur pour villes de refuge au meurtrier, Hébron, avec ses faubourgs, et Libna, avec ses faubourgs.

14 Et Jattir, avec ses faubourgs, et Estemoab, avec ses faubourgs,

15 Et Holon, avec ses faubourgs, et Débir, avec ses faubourgs,

16 Et Hajin, avec ses faubourgs, et Jutta, avec ses faubourgs; et Beth-semes, avec ses faubourgs; neuf villes de ces deux Tribus-là.

17 Et de la Tribu de Benjamin, Gabaon, avec ses faubourgs, et Guebah, avec ses faubourgs,

18 Hanathoth, avec ses faubourgs, et Halmon, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

19 Toutes les villes des enfants d'Aaron Sacrificateurs, furent treize villes, avec leurs faubourgs.

20 Or quant aux familles des enfants de Kéhath Lévites, qui étaient le reste des enfants de Kéhath, il y eut dans leur sort des villes de la Tribu d'Ephraïm.

21 On leur donna donc pour villes de refuge au meurtrier, Sichem, avec ses faubourgs, en la montagne d'Ephraïm, et Guézer avec ses faubourgs.

22 Et Kibtsajim, avec ses faubourgs, et Beth-horon, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

23 Et de la Tribu de Dan, Elteké, avec ses faubourgs; Guibbethon, avec ses faubourgs,

24 Ajalon, avec ses faubourgs, Gath-rimmon, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

25 Et de la demi-Tribu de Manassé, Tahanac, avec ses faubourgs; et Gath-rimmon, avec ses faubourgs, deux villes.

26 [Ainsi] dix villes en tout avec leurs faubourgs, furent pour les familles des enfants de Kéhath, qui étaient de reste.

27 On donna aussi de la demi-Tribu de Manassé aux enfants de Guerson, qui étaient des familles des Lévites, pour villes de refuge au meurtrier, Golan en Basan, avec ses faubourgs, et Behestera, avec ses faubourgs; deux villes.

28 Et de la Tribu d'Issacar, Kisjon, avec ses faubourgs, Dobrath, avec ses faubourgs,

29 Jarmuth, avec ses faubourgs, Hengannim, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

30 Et de la Tribu d'Aser, Miséal, avec ses faubourgs, Habdon, avec ses faubourgs,

31 Helkath, avec ses faubourgs, et Rehob, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

32 Et de la Tribu de Nephthali, pour villes de refuge au meurtrier, Kédès en Galilée avec ses faubourgs, Hammoth-Dor, avec ses faubourgs, et Kartan, avec ses faubourgs; trois villes.

33 Toutes les villes [donc] des Guersonites selon leurs familles, furent treize villes, et leurs faubourgs.

34 On donna aussi de la Tribu de Zabulon aux familles des enfants de Mérari, qui étaient les Lévites qui restaient, Jokneham, avec ses faubourgs, Karta, avec ses faubourgs,

35 Dimnah, avec ses faubourgs, et Nahalal, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

36 Et de la Tribu de Ruben, Betser, avec ses faubourgs, et Jahasa, avec ses faubourgs;

37 Kédémoth, avec ses faubourgs, et Méphahat, avec ses faubourgs; quatre villes.

38 Et de la Tribu de Gad, pour villes de refuge au meurtrier, Ramoth en Galaad, avec ses faubourgs, et Mahanajim, avec ses faubourgs,

39 Hesbon, avec ses faubourgs, et Jahzer, avec ses faubourgs; en tout quatre villes.

40 Toutes ces villes-là furent données aux enfants de Mérari, selon leurs familles, qui étaient le reste des familles des Lévites; et leur sort fut de douze villes.

41 Toutes les villes des Lévites qui étaient parmi la possession des enfants d'Israël, furent quarante-huit, et leurs faubourgs.

42 Chacune de ces villes avait ses faubourgs autour d'elle; il en [devait être] ainsi de toutes ces villes-là.

43 L'Eternel donc donna à Israël tout le pays qu'il avait juré de donner à leurs pères; et ils le possédèrent, et y habitèrent.

44 Et l'Eternel leur donna un parfait repos tout alentour, selon tout ce qu'il avait juré à leurs pères; et il n'y eut aucun de tous leurs ennemis qui subsistât devant eux; [mais] l'Eternel livra tous leurs ennemis en leurs mains.

45 Il ne tomba pas un seul mot de toutes les bonnes paroles que l'Eternel avait dites à la maison d'Israël; tout arriva.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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Významy biblických slov

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

parlèrent
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Habiter
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

d'aaron
Aaron était le frère de Moïse. Il symbolise deux choses, l'une pendant la première partie de l'exode, lorsqu'il était le porte-parole de Moïse, et l'autre...

Aaron
Aaron était le frère de Moïse. Il symbolise deux choses, l'une pendant la première partie de l'exode, lorsqu'il était le porte-parole de Moïse, et l'autre...

treize
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Reste
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Siméon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

lévi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

entour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

villages
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Refuge
'A place of refuge' denotes the state when a person is guiltless of evil.

Neuf
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

quatre
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les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sacrificateurs
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

le reste
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

Sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

Trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

huit
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

autour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

juré
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

donner
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

ennemis
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

mot
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

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