Josué 20

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Puis l'Eternel parla à Josué en disant :

2 Parle aux enfants d'Israël, et [leur] dis : Etablissez-vous les villes de refuge desquelles je vous ai parlé par le moyen de Moïse.

3 Afin que le meurtrier qui aura tué quelqu'un par ignorance, sans y penser, s'y enfuie, et elles vous seront pour refuge devant celui qui a le droit de venger le sang.

4 Et le [meurtrier] s'enfuira dans l'une de ces villes-là, et s'arrêtera à l'entrée de la porte de la ville, et il dira ses raisons aux Anciens de cette ville-là, lesquels l'écouteront, [et] le recevront chez eux dans la ville, et lui donneront un lieu, afin qu'il demeure avec eux.

5 Et quand celui qui a le droit de venger le sang le poursuivra, ils ne le livreront point en sa main; puisque c'est sans y penser qu'il a tué son prochain, et qu'il ne le haïssait point auparavant;

6 Mais il demeurera dans cette ville-là, jusqu'à ce qu'il comparaisse devant l'assemblée en jugement, [même] jusqu'à la mort du souverain Sacrificateur qui sera en ce temps-là; alors le meurtrier retournera, et viendra dans sa ville et dans sa maison, à la ville dont il s'en sera fui.

7 Ils consacrèrent donc Kédès dans la Galilée en la montagne de Nephthali; et Sichem en la montagne d'Ephraïm, et Kirjath-Arbah, qui est Hébron, en la montagne de Juda.

8 Et au delà du Jourdain de Jérico vers le Levant ils ordonnèrent de la Tribu de Ruben, Betser au désert dans le plat pays, et Ramoth en Galaad, de la Tribu de Gad, et Golan en Basan, de la Tribu de Manassé.

9 Ce furent là les villes assignées à tous les enfants d'Israël, et à l'étranger demeurant parmi eux, afin que quiconque aurait tué quelqu'un par ignorance s'enfuît là, et ne mourût point de la main de celui qui a le droit de venger le sang, jusqu'à ce qu'il comparût devant l'assemblée.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 20: The six cities of refuge.

Once all twelve tribes of Israel had received their inheritance, the Lord commanded Joshua and the Israelites to designate six cities of refuge, which were spread throughout the land on both sides of the Jordan. These cities would serve as safe havens, so that anyone who accidentally killed another person could flee to safety there. At the gate of the city, the refugee would declare his case to the city elders, and they would shelter him there until the high priest died. Then, the refugee could go back to his own city.

The six cities of refuge were evenly spaced throughout the land. In the north, Kedesh; in the center, Shechem; in the south, Kirjath Arba. Across the Jordan: Bezer, in Reuben; Ramoth, in Gad; and Golan in Manasseh. The three cities in Canaan are all said to be ‘on the mountains’, while the three cities across the Jordan are said to be ‘in the wilderness’ or ‘on the plain’.

There is a humanitarian purpose in granting safety when someone is accused of murder, a crime punishable by death. The spiritual meaning of this provision partly lies in the difference between justice and mercy. Justice has to do with the penalty of the law, while mercy recognizes that there could be more to the picture than just the intention to harm.

The Word acknowledges the place of both justice and mercy. Truth condemns, but love forgives. Ultimately, it is not we who know the real intentions of human hearts. This is something known only to the Lord, who will treat us justly, but also feel tender mercy and compassion towards us “for our low estate” (see Psalm 136:23 and Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6180).

In his work, True Christian Religion, Swedenborg writes: “We acquire justice the more we practice it. We practice justice the more our interaction with our neighbour is motivated by a love for justice and truth. Justice dwells in the goodness itself or the useful functions themselves that we do. The Lord says that every tree is recognized by its fruit. Surely we get to know other people well through paying attention not only to what they do but also to what outcome they want, what they are intending and why. All angels pay attention to these things, as do all wise people in our world” (see True Christian Religion 96[2]).

Innocence is the wish not to harm, and it is one of the cornerstones of heaven. We can easily begin to feel guilt when we cause harm to someone without intending to. They suffer and we suffer also. Reconciliation is needed for everyone in that kind of situation. Spiritually, these cities of refuge mean giving others and ourselves the time and space to let go of harmful feelings – which hell often plays on – and after finding refuge, allowing the Lord to bring us healing (Arcana Caelestia 9011).

There are six cities of refuge because the number ‘six’ represents all the labors of regeneration and spiritual temptation. ‘Seven’ follows after ‘six’ and refers to the Sabbath, the day of the Lord’s rest, when He has brought us through hardships into a new peace (Arcana Caelestia 8975).

The fact that the six cities of refuge were spread on both sides of the Jordan also holds a valuable spiritual meaning. Being in Canaan means that we are consciously living with a sense of the Lord’s guidance in our thinking and actions. This gives us a higher level of understanding, rather like seeing life from up on the mountain. Being across the Jordan means that we are more acutely experiencing the uncertainties of life, although we still try to do what is good because of our faith and trust in the Lord. No matter what situation we face, we need our personal cities of refuge where we meet the ‘elders’ of the city – the leading truths in the Word – who bring us in, and offer us sanctuary with the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8578).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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Významy biblických slov

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

parle
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Refuge
'A place of refuge' denotes the state when a person is guiltless of evil.

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Ville
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

entrée
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

Porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

ville-là
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

mais
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Jugement
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

Mort
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Jourdain
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

jérico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Étranger
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

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 Map of the Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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