Josué 19

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Le deuxième sort échut à Siméon, pour la Tribu des enfants de Siméon selon leurs familles, et leur héritage fut parmi l'héritage des enfants de Juda.

2 Et ils eurent dans leur héritage Béer-sebah, Sebah, Molada,

3 Hatsar-suhal, Bala, Hetsem,

4 Eltolad, Bethul, Horma,

5 Tsiklag, Beth-marcaboth, Hatsar-susa,

6 Beth-lebaoth et Saruhen; treize villes et leurs villages.

7 Hajin, Rimmon, Hether, et Hasan; quatre villes et leurs villages.

8 Et tous les villages qui étaient autour de ces villes-là jusqu'à Balath-béer, qui est Rama du Midi. Tel fut l'héritage de la Tribu des enfants de Siméon, selon leurs familles.

9 L'héritage des enfants de Siméon fut pris du lot des enfants de Juda; car la part des enfants de Juda était trop grande pour eux; c'est pourquoi les enfants de Siméon eurent leur héritage parmi le leur.

10 Le troisième sort monta pour les enfants de Zabulon, selon leurs familles; et la frontière de leur héritage fut jusqu'à Sarid.

11 Et leur frontière devait monter vers le quartier devers la mer, même jusqu'à Marhala, puis se rencontrer à Dabbeseth, et de là au torrent qui est vis-à-vis de Jokneham.

12 Or [cette frontière] devait retourner de Sarid vers l'Orient, au soleil levant vers les confins de Kislothtabor, puis sortir vers Dabrath, et monter à Japhiah;

13 Puis de là passer vers l'Orient, au Levant, à Guitta-hépher qui est Hittakatsin, puis sortir, à Rimmon-Methoar, qui est Neha.

14 Puis cette frontière devait tourner du côté du Septentrion à Hannathon; et ses extrémités devaient se rendre en la vallée de Jiphtahel.

15 Avec Kattath, Nahalal, Simron, Jidéala, et Beth-lehem; il y avait douze villes, et leurs villages.

16 Tel fut l'héritage des enfants de Zabulon selon leurs familles; ces villes-là, et leurs villages.

17 Le quatrième sort échut à Issacar, pour les enfants d'Issacar, selon leurs familles.

18 Et leur contrée fut ce qui est vers Jizrehel, Kesulloth, Sunem,

19 Hapharjim, Sion, Anaharath,

20 Rabbith, Kisjon, Ebets,

21 Remeth, Hen-gannim, Hen-hadda et Beth-patsets.

22 Et la frontière se devait rencontrer à Tabor et vers Sabatsim, et à Beth-semes; tellement que les extrémités de leur frontière se devaient rendre au Jourdain; seize villes, et leurs villages.

23 Tel fut l'héritage de la Tribu des enfants d'Issacar, selon leurs familles, ces villes-là, et leurs villages.

24 Le cinquième sort échut à la Tribu des enfants d'Aser, selon leurs familles.

25 Et leur frontière fut Helkath, Hali, Beten, Acsaph,

26 Alammélec, Hamhad et Miséal; et elle se devait rencontrer à Carmel, [au quartier] vers la mer, et à Sihor vers Benath.

27 Puis elle devait retourner vers le soleil levant, à Beth-dagon, et se rencontrer en Zabulon, et à la vallée de Jiphtahel vers le Septentrion, [et à] Beth-hemek et Nehiel; puis sortir à main gauche vers Cabul.

28 Et Hébron, et Rehob, et Hammon, et Cana, jusqu'à Sidon la grande.

29 Puis la frontière devait retourner à Rama, même jusqu'à Tsor, ville forte; puis cette frontière devait retourner à Hosa; tellement que ses extrémités, se devaient rendre au quartier qui est vers la mer, depuis la portion tirant vers Aczib;

30 Avec Hummah, et Aphek, et Rehob; vingt-deux villes, et leurs villages.

31 Tel fut l'héritage de la Tribu des enfants d'Aser, selon leurs familles; ces villes-là et leurs villages.

32 Le sixième sort échut aux enfants de Nephthali, pour les enfants de Nephthali, selon leurs familles.

33 Et leur frontière fut depuis Heleph, [et] depuis Allon à Tsahannim, et Adami-nekeb, et Jabnéel jusqu'à Lakkum, tellement que ses extrémités se devaient rendre au Jourdain.

34 Puis cette frontière devait retourner du côté d'Occident, vers Aznoth-Tabor, et sortir de là à Hukkok; tellement que du côté du Midi elle devait se rencontrer en Zabulon, et du côté d'Occident elle devait se rencontrer en Aser. Or jusqu'en Juda le Jourdain [était au] soleil levant.

35 Au reste, les villes closes étaient Tsiddim, Tser, Hammath, Rakkath, Kinnereth,

36 Adama, Rama, Hatsor,

37 Kédès, Edréhi, Hen-Hatsor,

38 Jireon, Migdal-el, Harem, Beth-hanath et Beth-semes; dix-neuf villes et leurs villages.

39 Tel fut l'héritage de la Tribu des enfants de Nephthali, selon leurs familles; ces villes-là, et leurs villages.

40 Le septième sort échut à la Tribu des enfants de Dan selon leurs familles.

41 Et la contrée de leur héritage fut, Tsorah, Estaol, Hir-semes,

42 Sahalabim, Ajalon, Jithla,

43 Elon, Timnatha, Hekron,

44 Elteké, Guibbethon, Bahalath,

45 Jehud, Bené-berak, Gath-rimmon,

46 Me-jarkon, et Rakkon, avec les limites qui sont vis-à-vis de Japho.

47 Or la contrée qui était échue aux enfants de Dan, était [trop petite] pour eux; c'est pourquoi les enfants de Dan montèrent, et combattirent contre Lesem, et la prirent, et la frappèrent au tranchant de l'épée, et la possédèrent, et y habitèrent; et ils appelèrent Lesem, Dan, du nom de Dan leur père.

48 Tel fut l'héritage de la Tribu des enfants de Dan selon leurs familles; ces villes-là, et leurs villages.

49 Au reste après qu'on eut achevé de partager le pays selon ses confins, les enfants d'Israël donnèrent un héritage parmi eux à Josué fils de Nun.

50 Selon le commandement de l'Eternel; ils lui donnèrent la ville qu'il demanda; [savoir] Timnath-sérah en la montagne d'Ephraïm; et il bâtit la ville, et y habita.

51 Ce sont là les héritages qu'Eléazar le Sacrificateur, et Josué, fils de Nun, et les chefs des pères des Tribus des enfants d'Israël partagèrent par sort en Silo, devant l'Eternel, à l'entrée du Tabernacle d'assignation, et ils achevèrent [ainsi] de partager le pays.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 19: The last six tribes receive their territories, and Joshua his inheritance.

This chapter is the last of seven chapters detailing the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes. In this chapter, the remaining six tribes receive their portions.

Simeon received land very much in the south, below that of Judah, and Simeon’s territory was made a part of Judah. Simeon means ‘to hear’. To hear the Lord, and to hear the truth, means wanting to live in obedience with what the Lord teaches. Simeon was important in earlier biblical events, but is rarely mentioned later on; obeying the Lord can and should be a quiet affair (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 87).

The area given to Zebulun was modest and towards the north, between the Sea of Galilee and the coast. Zebulun’s name means ‘place of exaltation and honor’, and its spiritual meaning is just as glorious: it refers to honoring the Lord through the way we live our lives, both inwardly and outwardly (see Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 390).

Issachar’s territory was a small, fertile area in the north, next to the Jordan. The name “Issachar” means ‘a man of hire’ or ‘a hired man’. Spiritually, this is about wanting to serve the Lord, and dedicating our lives to this. Then we are ‘employed’ as servants of the Lord, and we are rewarded with spiritual strength, joy, and blessings (see Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 6388).

Asher means ‘happy’ - a delightful name - and its territory was along the northern coastline, extending inland. It included Mount Carmel and the Plain of Sharon, which were both beautiful places. Spiritual happiness is quite deep, and is really a feeling of joy, contentment, and well-being. When we are spiritually happy, we feel glad to be alive, to know the Lord, and to do what is good because of God (Arcana Caelestia 6408).

Naphtali had territory going up from the Sea of Galilee to the northern border. Naphtali means ‘crafty and cunning’, which does not sound very heavenly. However, the idea is that we use our intelligence to bring heavenly results from the countless decisions we make each and every day. Earlier in the Bible, Naphtali is blessed and called ‘a deer let loose’, which would then be free to bound away (see Genesis 49:21, Arcana Caelestia 3928).

Dan had two small territories: one in the centre on the coast, and one in the far north near the source of the River Jordan. Dan means ‘to judge well’, and it stands for our need to treat people fairly because of our relationship with the Lord. Perhaps there are two territories because one is our mind (north), and the other is in life (center) (Arcana Caelestia 3923).

Finally, Joshua himself is given his inheritance, a place in Ephraim called Timnath Serah. The name means ‘an extra portion’, and this suggests that beyond everything Joshua has done, he is to be given something further. Spiritually, this could be the unexpected delight we get when we devote ourselves to serving the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 995[3]).

The spiritual meaning of receiving a portion of land is that we are able to experience blessings and goodness from the Lord, but only after we have ‘conquered the land’. This means working through our temptations and overcoming weaknesses during our natural life.

Since the land of Canaan stands for heaven – and also for the growth of heaven in us – each of the twelve tribes represent a part of heavenly life that needs to be active in us. We must learn hear the word of the Lord, judge well in our daily actions, and honor His name by the way we live.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338

Apocalypse Explained 431

L’Apocalypse Révélée 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 2723, 2799, 3923, 4855, 6396

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Významy biblických slov

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Siméon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

treize
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

villages
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

quatre
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

autour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

grande
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

troisième
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

frontière
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

rencontrer
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

soleil levant
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

Soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

levant
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

monter
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Quatrième
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Carmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Sihor
'To drink the waters of Sihor,' as in Jeremiah 2:18, signifies the investigation of spiritual things by the scientific ideas of the natural self.

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Rendre
'To reward' signifies meting out punishment.

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sixième
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Nephthali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

les villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Hatsor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Neuf
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

frappèrent
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

les héritages
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

entrée
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

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