Josué 18

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1 Or toute l'assemblée des enfants d'Israël s'assembla à Silo, et ils posèrent là le Tabernacle d'assignation, après que le pays leur eut été assujetti.

2 Mais il était resté entre les enfants d'Israël sept Tribus, auxquelles on n'avait point distribué leur héritage.

3 Et Josué dit aux enfants d'Israël : Jusques à quand vous porterez-vous lâchement à passer plus loin pour posséder le pays que l'Eternel le Dieu de vos pères vous a donné?

4 Prenez d'entre vous trois hommes de chaque Tribu lesquels j'enverrai; ils se mettront en chemin, ils traverseront le pays, et ils en traceront une figure selon leur héritage, puis ils s'en reviendront auprès de moi.

5 Ils se la diviseront en sept portions, Juda demeurera dans ses limites du côté du Midi; et la maison de Joseph demeurera dans ses limites du côté du Septentrion.

6 Vous donc faites une figure du pays en sept parts, et apportez-la-moi ici; puis je jetterai ici le sort pour vous devant l'Eternel notre Dieu.

7 Car il n'y a point de portion pour les Lévites parmi vous; parce que la Sacrificature de l'Eternel est leur héritage. Quant à Gad et à Ruben, et à la moitié de la Tribu de Manassé, ils ont pris leur héritage au delà du Jourdain, vers l'Orient, que Moïse, serviteur de l'Eternel, leur a donné.

8 Ces hommes-là donc se levèrent, et s'en allèrent; et Josué commanda à ceux qui s'en allaient de faire une figure du pays, en leur disant : Allez et traversez le pays, et faites-en une figure, puis revenez auprès de moi, et je jetterai ici le sort pour vous devant l'Eternel à Silo.

9 Ces hommes-là donc s'en allèrent, et passèrent par le pays, et en firent une figure dans un livre selon les villes en sept parties; puis ils revinrent à Josué au camp à Silo.

10 Et Josué jeta le sort pour eux à Silo devant l'Eternel; et Josué partagea là le pays aux enfants d'Israël selon leurs parts.

11 Et le sort de la Tribu des enfants de Benjamin selon leurs familles, sortit, et la contrée de leur sort leur échut entre les enfants de Juda et les enfants de Joseph.

12 Et leur frontière du côté du Septentrion fut depuis le Jourdain; et cette frontière devait monter à côté de Jérico vers le Septentrion, puis monter en la montagne tirant vers l'Occident; de sorte que ses extrémités se devaient rendre au désert de Beth-aven.

13 Puis cette frontière devait passer de là vers Luz, à côté de Luz, qui est Béthel tirant vers le Midi; et cette frontière devait descendre à Hatroth-addar, près de la montagne qui est du côté du Midi de Beth-horon la basse.

14 Et cette frontière devait s'aligner et tourner au coin Occidental [qui regarde] vers le Midi, depuis la montagne qui est vis-à-vis de Beth-horon, vers le Midi; tellement que ses extrémités devaient se rendre à Kirjath-bahal, qui est Kirjath-jéharim, ville des enfants de Juda. C'est là le côté d'Occident.

15 Mais le côté Méridional est depuis le bout de Kirjath-jéharim; et cette frontière devait sortir vers l'Occident, puis elle devait sortir à la fontaine des eaux de Nephtoah.

16 Et cette frontière devait descendre au bout de la montagne qui est vis-à-vis de la vallée du fils de Hinnom, [et] laquelle est dans la vallée des Réphaïms, vers le Septentrion; et descendre par la vallée de Hinnom jusqu'au côté de Jébusi vers le Midi, puis descendre à Henroguel.

17 Et elle se devait aligner du côté du Septentrion, et sortir à Hen-sémes, et de là vers Gueliloth, qui est vis-à-vis de la montée d'Adummim, et descendre à la pierre de Bohan, fils de Ruben;

18 Et passer à côté de ce qui est vis-à-vis de Haraba vers le Septentrion, et descendre à Haraba.

19 Puis cette frontière devait passer à côté de Beth-hogla vers le Septentrion; de sorte que les extrémités de cette frontière se devaient rendre au bras de la mer salée, vers le Septentrion, au bout du Jourdain vers le Midi. Ce fut là la frontière du Midi.

20 Et le Jourdain le devait borner du côté de l'Orient. Ce fut là l'héritage des enfants de Benjamin selon ses frontières tout autour, selon leurs familles.

21 Or les villes de la Tribu des enfants de Benjamin, selon leurs familles, devaient être, Jérico, Beth-hogla, Hemekketsis,

22 Beth-haraba, Tsémarajim, Béthel,

23 Hauvin, Para, Hophra,

24 Képhar-hammonaï, Hophni, et Guébah; douze villes, et leurs villages.

25 Gabaon, Rama, Beeroth,

26 Mitspé, Képhira, Motsa,

27 Rekem, Jirpeël, Taréala,

28 Tsélah, Eleph, Jébusi, qui est Jérusalem, Guibhath, [et] Kirjath; quatorze villes, et leurs villages. Tel fut l'héritage des enfants de Benjamin selon leurs familles.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

L’Apocalypse Révélée 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Významy biblických slov

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tabernacle
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

passèrent
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

livre
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

camp
Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

Familles
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)

frontière
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

monter
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

jérico
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Passer
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

Luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

Béthel
Lorsque Jacob fit son célèbre rêve, celui d'un escalier menant au ciel, il nomma le lieu "Béthel", qui signifie en hébreu "maison de Dieu". Ce...

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Fontaine
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

eaux
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Pierre
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

l'héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

autour
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

villages
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Jérusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Quatorze
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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