Josué 17

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1 Il y eut aussi un sort pour la Tribu de Manassé qui fut le premier-né de Joseph. Quant à Makir premier-né de Manassé, [et] père de Galaad, parce qu'il fut un homme belliqueux, il eut Galaad et Basan.

2 Puis le reste des enfants de Manassé eut [ce sort], selon ses familles; [savoir] les enfants d'Abihézer, les enfants de Helek, les enfants d'Asriël, les enfants de Sekem, les enfants de Hépher, et les enfants de Semidah. Ce sont là les enfants mâles de Manassé fils de Joseph, selon leurs familles.

3 Or Tselophcad fils de Hépher fils de Galaad, fils de Makir, fils de Manassé, n'eut point de fils, mais des filles; et ce sont ici leurs noms, Mahla, Noha, Hogla, Milca et Tirtsa ;

4 Lesquelles vinrent se présenter devant Eléazar le Sacrificateur, et devant Josué, fils de Nun, et devant les principaux [du peuple], en disant : L'Eternel a commandé à Moïse qu'on nous donnât un héritage parmi nos frères; c'est pourquoi on leur donna un héritage parmi les frères de leur père, selon le commandement de L'Eternel.

5 Et dix portions échurent à Manassé, outre le pays de Galaad et de Basan, qui étaient au delà du Jourdain.

6 Car les filles de Manassé eurent un héritage parmi ses enfants; et le pays de Galaad fut pour le reste des enfants de Manassé.

7 Or la frontière de Manassé fut du côté d'Aser, venant à Micmethah, qui était au devant de Sichem; puis cette frontière devait aller à main droite vers les habitants de Hen-Tappuah.

8 Or le pays de Tappuah appartenait à Manassé; mais Tappuah qui était près des confins de Manassé, appartenait aux enfants d'Ephraïm.

9 De là cette frontière devait descendre au torrent de Kana, tirant vers le Midi du torrent. Ces villes-là sont à Ephraïm parmi les villes de Manassé. Au reste, la frontière de Manassé était au côté du Septentrion du torrent, et ses extrémités se devaient rendre à la mer.

10 Ce qui était vers le Midi était à Ephraïm, et ce qui était vers le Septentrion, était à Manassé, et il avait la mer pour sa borne ; et, du côté du Septentrion [les frontières] se rencontraient en Aser, et en Issacar, du côté d'Orient.

11 Car Manassé eut aux quartiers d'Issacar et d'Aser, Beth-séan, et les villes de son ressort; et Jibléham, et les villes de son ressort; et les habitants de Dor, et les villes de son ressort; et les habitants de Hendor, et les villes de son ressort; et les habitants de Tahanac, et les villes de son ressort; et les habitants de Meguiddo, et les villes de son ressort, qui sont trois contrées.

12 Au reste, les enfants de Manassé ne purent point déposséder [les habitants] de ces villes-là, mais les Cananéens osèrent demeurer dans le même pays.

13 Mais depuis que les enfants d'Israël se furent fortifiés, ils rendirent les Cananéens tributaires; toutefois ils ne les dépossédèrent point entièrement.

14 Or les enfants de Joseph parlèrent à Josué, en disant : Pourquoi m'as-tu donné en héritage un seul lot, et une seule portion, vu que je suis un grand peuple, tant l'Eternel m'a béni jusqu'à présent?

15 Et Josué leur dit : Si tu es un si grand peuple, monte à la forêt, et coupe-la, pour te faire place au pays des Phéréziens et des Réphaïms, si la montagne d'Ephraïm est trop étroite pour toi.

16 Et les enfants de Joseph répondirent : Cette montagne ne sera pas suffisante pour nous, et tous les Cananéens qui habitent au pays de la vallée, ont des chariots de fer, pour ceux qui habitent à Beth-séan, et aux villes de son ressort, et pour ceux qui habitent dans la vallée de Jizrehel.

17 Josué donc parla à la maison de Joseph, [savoir] à Ephraïm et à Manassé, en disant : Tu es un grand peuple, et tu as de grandes forces, tu n'auras pas une portion seule.

18 Car tu auras la montagne; [et] parce que c'est une forêt, tu la couperas, et ses extrémités t'appartiendront; car tu en déposséderas les Cananéens, quoiqu'ils aient des chariots de fer, et qu ils soient puissants.


Exploring the Meaning of Josué 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

L’Apocalypse Révélée 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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Významy biblických slov

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

premier-né
Lorsque la Bible parle de générations ou d'ordre de naissance, la signification interne a trait à la progression des états spirituels et à leur importance...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

père
Père dans la Parole signifie ce qui est le plus intérieur, et dans les choses qui suivent l'ordre du Seigneur, cela signifie ce qui est...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

le reste
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

Reste
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Familles
Families (as in Genesis 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. See Secrets of Heaven 917. In Nahum...

Fils
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

filles
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commandé
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

nous
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Frères
Il y a deux façons d'utiliser le mot "frère" dans la Bible, des façons qui se reflètent encore dans le langage moderne. L'un désigne une...

commandement
Commander, c'est donner l'ordre de faire quelque chose, et c'est dirigé vers un individu ou un groupe. C'est un impératif, pas une suggestion. Le commandement...

Dix
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Les filles
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

frontière
Souvent traduit par "bord", "frontière", "limite", "périphérie", "endroits éloignés" et autres, ce terme est utilisé dans la Bible pour désigner les endroits les plus éloignés...

Sichem
'Sichem' or 'Shechem' means the celestial aspects of love.

Les habitants
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Ephraïm
Ephraïm était le deuxième fils né de Joseph en Egypte et fut, avec son frère aîné Manassé, élevé par Jacob au même statut que les...

descendre
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

torrent
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

midi
In the Word, 'the south' or 'midday' means a state of light, which is a state of intelligence produced by truths, thus also an interior...

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

les frontières
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Issacar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

meguiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

Trois
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

parlèrent
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

un
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

lot
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

vu
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

béni
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

forêt
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

habitent
Beaucoup de gens étaient nomades à l'époque biblique, en particulier à l'époque de l'Ancien Testament, et vivaient dans des tentes qui pouvaient être frappées, déplacées...

vallée
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Maison
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

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