Josué 16

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1 Puis le sort échut aux enfants de Joseph, depuis le Jourdain de Jérico aux eaux de Jérico vers l'Orient, qui est le désert; montant de Jérico par la montagne jusqu'à Béthel.

2 Et cette frontière devait sortir de Béthel vers Luz, puis passer sur les confins de l'Arkien jusqu'à Hataroth.

3 Et elle devait descendre tirant vers l'Occident, aux confins du Japhletien, jusqu'aux confins de Beth-horon la basse, et jusqu'à Guézer; de sorte que ses extrémités se devaient rendre à la mer.

4 Ainsi les enfants de Joseph, [savoir] Manassé et Ephraïm, prirent leur héritage.

5 Or la frontière des enfants d'Ephraïm selon leurs familles était telle, que la frontière de leur héritage vers l'Orient fut Hatroth-addar, jusqu'à Beth-horon la haute.

6 Et cette frontière devait sortir vers la mer en Micmethah [du côté] du Septentrion; et cette frontière devait se tourner vers l'Orient jusqu'à Tahanath-Silo, et passant du côté d'Orient, se rendre à Janoah;

7 Puis descendre de vers Janoah à Hataroth, et vers Naharath, et se rencontrer à Jérico, et sortir au Jourdain.

8 Et cette frontière devait aller de Tappuah tirant vers la mer, jusqu'au torrent de Kana; tellement que ses extrémités se devaient rendre à la mer. Ce fut là l'héritage de la Tribu des enfants d'Ephraïm, selon leurs familles;

9 Avec les villes qui furent séparées pour les enfants d'Ephraïm parmi l'héritage des enfants de Manassé; toutes ces villes, [dis-je], avec leurs villages.

10 Or ils ne dépossédèrent point les Cananéens qui habitaient à Guézer; c'est pourquoi les Cananéens ont habité parmi Ephraïm jusqu'à ce jour; mais ils ont été tributaires, et asservis.


Exploring the Meaning of Josué 16      

Joshua 16: The territories of Joseph’s sons, Ephraim and Manasseh.

Chapter 16 tells about the land given to the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph. Only Ephraim’s territory is covered in this chapter; Manasseh’s territory is discussed in Joshua 17.

The first three verses describe Ephraim and Manasseh’s territories as one large area. Half of Manasseh had already been given land on the other side of the River Jordan, (see Joshua 13 for more). Together, Ephraim and (the second half of) Manasseh’s territory is in the center of the land west of the Jordan.

This seems to suggest that the spiritual meaning of those two tribes is of major importance for us. Ephraim, Joseph’s younger son, stands for our understanding of the Lord’s truths, while Manasseh, the older son, stands for the good which these truths lead us to do (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8399).

It is a spiritual truth that we need an understanding of what is true - in the Word, and about the Lord - before we can begin to do what is genuinely good. Yet it is good which is the most important thing in our spiritual life, so this is really the first in importance (see Swedenborg’s True Christian Religion 336[2]).

This ‘switch’ is reflected in Genesis chapter 48, when Joseph takes his two sons to his dying father, Israel, for him to bless them. But Israel (Jacob) blesses younger Ephraim first, and Manasseh second; he reverses the order of their birth. For us, it is important to see that both good and truth combined are essential, each for the sake of the other. The tribes’ central location in the Land of Canaan and adjoining territories illustrate this point.

Verse 9 brings out this unity even further. It says: “The separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.” Not only were the two territories adjacent, but they overlapped, with separate cities for Ephraim being among the territory of Manasseh. Truth and good are partnered in a kind of marriage together (read Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 33).

The last verse of this short chapter raises another interesting point, which has been mentioned previously: while Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, there were places where the people of Canaan still lived among the Israelites. Verse 10 states: “And they did not drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day and have become forced labourers.”

We came across a similar situation in Joshua 9 with the Gibeonites, who made a treaty with Israel but became woodcutters and watercarriers to serve Israel. The meaning for us is that the lower or more outward, natural things of life are there to serve our spiritual life. They are not to be destroyed, because natural life is the arena in which we live out the beliefs and values that form our spiritual life (True Christian Religion 339).

The Canaanites in Gezer, who were forced to work for the Ephraimites, represent our lower nature. It is still active in us at times, rising up, showing itself, but we realize that this takes place so that it works for our spiritual growth and regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 5947).

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 16      

Joshua 16: The territories of Joseph’s sons, Ephraim and Manasseh.

Chapter 16 tells about the land given to the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph. Only Ephraim’s territory is covered in this chapter; Manasseh’s territory is discussed in Joshua 17.

The first three verses describe Ephraim and Manasseh’s territories as one large area. Half of Manasseh had already been given land on the other side of the River Jordan, (see Joshua 13 for more). Together, Ephraim and (the second half of) Manasseh’s territory is in the center of the land west of the Jordan.

This seems to suggest that the spiritual meaning of those two tribes is of major importance for us. Ephraim, Joseph’s younger son, stands for our understanding of the Lord’s truths, while Manasseh, the older son, stands for the good which these truths lead us to do (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8399).

It is a spiritual truth that we need an understanding of what is true - in the Word, and about the Lord - before we can begin to do what is genuinely good. Yet it is good which is the most important thing in our spiritual life, so this is really the first in importance (see Swedenborg’s True Christian Religion 336[2]).

This ‘switch’ is reflected in Genesis chapter 48, when Joseph takes his two sons to his dying father, Israel, for him to bless them. But Israel (Jacob) blesses younger Ephraim first, and Manasseh second; he reverses the order of their birth. For us, it is important to see that both good and truth combined are essential, each for the sake of the other. The tribes’ central location in the Land of Canaan and adjoining territories illustrate this point.

Verse 9 brings out this unity even further. It says: “The separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages.” Not only were the two territories adjacent, but they overlapped, with separate cities for Ephraim being among the territory of Manasseh. Truth and good are partnered in a kind of marriage together (read Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 33).

The last verse of this short chapter raises another interesting point, which has been mentioned previously: while Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, there were places where the people of Canaan still lived among the Israelites. Verse 10 states: “And they did not drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day and have become forced labourers.”

We came across a similar situation in Joshua 9 with the Gibeonites, who made a treaty with Israel but became woodcutters and watercarriers to serve Israel. The meaning for us is that the lower or more outward, natural things of life are there to serve our spiritual life. They are not to be destroyed, because natural life is the arena in which we live out the beliefs and values that form our spiritual life (True Christian Religion 339).

The Canaanites in Gezer, who were forced to work for the Ephraimites, represent our lower nature. It is still active in us at times, rising up, showing itself, but we realize that this takes place so that it works for our spiritual growth and regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 5947).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

L’Apocalypse Révélée 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431

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1 Rois 9:15, 16, 17, 21

1 Chroniques 7:24, 28, 20:4

2 Chroniques 8:5

Ézéchiel 47:13, 48:5

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The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

jérico
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eaux
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désert
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'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Béthel
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descendre
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l'occident
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mer
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Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

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Familles
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côté
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torrent
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tribu
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les villes
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Villes
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villages
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habitaient
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habité
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