Josué 14

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1 Ce sont ici [les terres] que les enfants d'Israël eurent pour héritage au pays de Canaan, qu'Eléazar le Sacrificateur, et Josué, fils de Nun, et les chefs des pères des Tribus des enfants d'Israël leur partagèrent en héritage.

2 Selon le sort de leur héritage, comme l'Eternel l'avait commandé par le moyen de Moïse, [savoir] à neuf Tribus, et à la moitié d'une Tribu.

3 Car Moïse avait donné un héritage à deux Tribus, et à la moitié d'une Tribu au delà du Jourdain, mais il n'avait point donné d'héritage parmi eux aux Lévites.

4 Parce que les enfants de Joseph, [savoir], Manassé et Ephraïm, faisaient deux Tribus; et on ne donna point de part aux Lévites dans le pays, excepté les villes pour y habiter avec leurs fauxbourgs pour leurs troupeaux, et pour [le reste de] leur bien.

5 Les enfants d'Israël firent comme l'Eternel l'avait commandé à Moïse, et ils partagèrent la terre.

6 Or les enfants de Juda vinrent à Josué en Guilgal; et Caleb fils de Jéphunné Kénizien, lui dit : Tu sais la parole que l'Eternel a dite de moi, et de toi, à Moïse homme de Dieu, en Kadès-barné.

7 J'étais âgé de quarante ans quand Moïse serviteur de l'Eternel m'envoya de Kadès-barné pour reconnaître le pays, et je lui rapportai la chose comme elle était en mon cœur.

8 Et mes frères qui étaient montés avec moi, faisaient fondre le cœur du peuple; mais je persévérai à suivre l'Eternel mon Dieu.

9 Et Moïse jura en ce jour-là disant : Si la terre sur laquelle ton pied a marché n'est à toi en héritage, et à tes enfants pour jamais; parce que tu as persévéré à suivre l'Eternel mon Dieu.

10 Or maintenant voici, l'Eternel m'a fait vivre selon qu'il en avait parlé; il y a déjà quarante-cinq ans que l'Eternel prononça cette parole à Moïse, lorsque Israël marchait par le désert, et maintenant voici, je suis aujourd'hui âgé de quatre-vingt et cinq ans.

11 Et [je] suis encore aujourd'hui aussi fort que j'étais le jour que Moïse m'envoya, et j'ai maintenant la même force que j'avais alors pour le combat, et pour aller et venir.

12 Maintenant donc donne-moi cette montagne, de laquelle l'Eternel parla en ce jour-là; car tu entendis en ce jour-là que les Hanakins y habitent, et qu'il y a de grandes villes fortes; peut-être que l'Eternel sera avec moi, et je les déposséderai, comme l'Eternel en a parlé.

13 Josué donc le bénit, et donna Hébron en héritage à Caleb, fils de Jéphunné.

14 C'est pourquoi Hébron fut à Caleb, fils de Jéphunné Kénizien, en héritage jusqu'à ce jour, parce qu'il avait persévéré à suivre l'Eternel, le Dieu d'Israël.

15 Or le nom d'Hébron était auparavant Kirjath-Arbah, et [Arbah] avait été un fort grand homme entre les Hanakins. Et le pays fut tranquille sans avoir guerre.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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Významy biblických slov

Terres
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

pères
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

sort
On the most internal level, the stories of Abraham tell us about the Lord's development in his own childhood, with Abraham representing the Lord's spiritual...

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

de Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Neuf
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

tribu
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Moitié
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

donné
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Jourdain
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

Manassé
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Ephraïm
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Habiter
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

troupeaux
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

Terre
Dans la Bible, le terme "Terre" peut désigner une personne ou un groupe de personnes partageant les mêmes idées, comme dans une église. Mais elle...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Guilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Dieu
Le Seigneur est l'amour lui-même, exprimé sous la forme de la sagesse elle-même. L'amour, donc, est Son essence, Son plus profond. La sagesse - la...

quarante ans
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

Frères
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

suivre
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

jour
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

Pied
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

a marché
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Cinq
Five also signifies all things of one part.

marchait
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

désert
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

combat
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

venir
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

donne
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Montagne
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

parla
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

déposséderai
'An heir,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:1, signifies the good that comes from truth. 'To become an heir, or to inherit,' signifies eternal life in...

a parlé
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

bénit
Le Seigneur est l'amour parfait qui s'exprime par une sagesse parfaite. Il nous a créés pour pouvoir nous aimer, pour nous donner l'amour et la...

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

d'hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

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