Josué 11

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Bible Martin (1744)         

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1 Et aussitôt que Jabin, Roi de Hatsor, eut appris ces choses, il envoya à Jobab Roi de Madon, et au Roi de Simron, et au Roi d'Acsaph,

2 Et aux Rois qui [habitaient] vers le Septentrion, aux montagnes et dans la campagne, [vers] le Midi de Kinnaroth, et dans la plaine, et à Naphoth-Dor vers l'Occident;

3 Au Cananéen qui était à l'Orient et à l'Occident, à l'Amorrhéen, à l'Héthien, au Phérésien, au Jébusien dans les montagnes, et a l'Hévien sous Hermon au pays de Mitspa.

4 Ils sortirent donc et toutes leurs armées avec eux, un grand peuple, comme le sable qui est sur le bord de la mer, par leur multitude; il y avait aussi des chevaux et des chariots en fort grand nombre.

5 Tous ces Rois-là s'étant donnés assignation, vinrent, et se campèrent ensemble près des eaux de Mérom, pour combattre contre Israël.

6 Et l'Eternel dit à Josué : Ne les crains point; car demain, environ cette même heure, je les livrerai tous, blessés à mort, devant Israël; tu couperas les jarrets à leurs chevaux, et brûleras au feu leurs chariots.

7 Josué donc et tous les gens de guerre avec lui vinrent promptement contr'eux près des eaux de Mérom, et les chargèrent.

8 Et l'Eternel les livra entre les mains d'Israël, ils les battirent, et les poursuivirent jusqu'à Sidon la grande, et jusqu'aux eaux de Masréphoth, et jusqu'à la campagne de Mitspa, vers l'Orient, et ils les battirent tellement qu'ils n'en laissèrent échapper aucun.

9 Et Josué leur fit comme l'Eternel lui avait dit; il coupa les jarrets de leurs chevaux, et brûla au feu leurs chariots.

10 Et comme Josué s'en retournait en ce même temps, il prit Hatsor, et frappa son Roi avec l'épée; car Hatsor avait été auparavant la capitale de tous ces Royaumes-là.

11 Ils passèrent aussi toutes les personnes qui y étaient au tranchant de l'épée, les détruisant à la façon de l'interdit; il n'y resta aucune personne vivante, et on brûla au feu Hatsor.

12 Josué prit aussi toutes les villes de ces Rois-là, et tous leurs Rois, et les passa au tranchant de l'épée, [et] il les détruisit à la façon de l'interdit, comme Moïse serviteur de l'Eternel l'avait commandé.

13 Mais Israël ne brûla aucune des villes, qui étaient demeurées en leur état, excepté Hatsor, que Josué brûla.

14 Et les enfants d'Israël pillèrent pour eux tout le butin de ces villes-là, et les bêtes; seulement ils passèrent au tranchant de l'épée tous les hommes, jusqu'à ce qu'ils les eussent exterminés ; ils n'y laissèrent de reste aucune personne vivante.

15 Comme l'Eternel l'avait commandé à Moïse son serviteur, ainsi Moïse l'avait commandé à Josué; et Josué le fit ainsi; de sorte qu'il n'omit rien de tout ce que l'Eternel avait commandé à Moïse.

16 Josué donc prit tout ce pays-là, la montagne, et tout le pays du Midi, avec tout le pays de Gosen, la plaine, et la campagne, la montagne d'Israël, et sa plaine.

17 Depuis la montagne de Halak, qui monte vers Séhir, même jusqu'à Bahal-Gad en la campagne du Liban, sous la montagne de Hermon. Il prit aussi tous leurs Rois, et les battit, et les fit mourir.

18 Josué fit la guerre plusieurs jours contre tous ces Rois-là.

19 Il n'y eut aucune ville qui fît la paix avec les enfants d'Israël, excepté les Héviens qui habitaient à Gabaon; ils les prirent toutes par guerre.

20 Car cela venait de l'Eternel qu'ils endurcissaient leur cœur pour sortir en bataille contre Israël, afin qu'il les détruisît à la façon de l'interdit, sans qu'il leur fît aucune grâce; mais qu'il les exterminât, comme l'Eternel l'avait commandé à Moïse.

21 En ce temps-là aussi Josué vint et extermina les Hanakins des montagnes, de Hébron, de Débir, de Hanab, et de toute montagne de Juda, et de toute montagne d'Israël; Josué, [dis-je], les détruisit à la façon de l'interdit avec leurs villes.

22 Il ne resta aucun des Hanakins au pays des enfants d'Israël; il en demeura de reste seulement à Gaza, à Gath, et à Asdod.

23 Josué donc prit tout le pays, suivant tout ce que l'Eternel avait dit à Moïse, et il le donna en héritage à Israël, selon leurs portions, et leurs Tribus; et le pays fut tranquille, sans avoir guerre.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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Významy biblických slov

Roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hatsor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

rois
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

septentrion
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

montagnes
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

midi
'South' denotes truth in light.

Plaine
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

l'occident
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Héthien
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

les montagnes
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Hévien
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Mitspa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

le sable
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

sable
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

mer
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

chevaux
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

vinrent
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

eaux
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josué
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

demain
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

Mort
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

Feu
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

guerre
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

mains
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

d'Israël
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

grande
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

temps
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

frappa
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

épée
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

les villes
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Villes
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Moïse
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

serviteur
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

commandé
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Enfants
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

butin
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

Montagne
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

monte
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Liban
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Héviens
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

habitaient
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

Gabaon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

cœur
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

bataille
La guerre dans le monde représente le combat de la tentation lorsque le bien est attaqué par le mal ou le faux. Le mal qui...

Hébron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Reste
In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

héritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

tribus
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

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