Genèse 4

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French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Or Adam connut Eve sa femme, laquelle conçut, et enfanta Caïn; et elle dit : J'ai acquis un homme de par l'Eternel.

2 Elle enfanta encore Abel son frère; et Abel fut berger, et Caïn laboureur.

3 Or il arriva, au bout de quelque temps, que Caïn offrit à l'Eternel une oblation des fruits de la terre;

4 Et qu'Abel aussi offrit des premiers-nés de son troupeau, et de leur graisse; et l'Eternel eut égard à Abel, et à son oblation.

5 Mais il n'eut point d'égard à Caïn, ni à son oblation; et Caïn fut fort irrité, et son visage fut abattu.

6 Et l'Eternel dit à Caïn : Pourquoi es-tu irrité? et pourquoi ton visage est-il abattu?

7 Si tu fais bien, ne sera-t-il pas reçu? mais si tu ne fais pas bien, le péché est à la porte; or ses désirs se [rapportent] à toi, et tu as Seigneurie sur lui.

8 Or Caïn parla avec Abel son frère, et comme ils étaient aux champs, Caïn s'éleva contre Abel son frère, et le tua.

9 Et l'Eternel dit à Caïn : Où est Abel ton frère? Et il lui répondit : Je ne sais, suis-je le gardien de mon frère, moi?

10 Et Dieu dit : Qu'as-tu fait? La voix du sang de ton frère crie de la terre à moi.

11 Maintenant donc tu [seras] maudit, [même] de la part de la terre, qui a ouvert sa bouche pour recevoir de ta main le sang de ton frère.

12 Quand tu laboureras la terre, elle ne te rendra plus son fruit, et tu seras vagabond et fugitif sur la terre.

13 Et Caïn dit à l'Eternel : Ma peine est plus grande que je ne puis porter.

14 Voici, tu m'as chassé aujourd'hui de cette terre-ci, et je serai caché de devant ta face, et serai vagabond et fugitif sur la terre, et il arrivera que quiconque me trouvera, me tuera.

15 Et l'Eternel lui dit : C'est pourquoi quiconque tuera Caïn sera puni sept fois davantage. Ainsi l'Eternel mit une marque sur Caïn, afin que quiconque le trouverait, ne le tuât point.

16 Alors Caïn sortit de devant la face de l'Eternel, et habita au pays de Nod, vers l'Orient d'Héden.

17 Puis Caïn connut sa femme, qui conçut et enfanta Hénoc; et il bâtit une ville, et appela la ville Hénoc, du nom de son fils.

18 Puis Hirad naquit à Hénoc, et Hirad engendra Méhujaël, et Méhujaël engendra Méthusaël, et Méthusaël engendra Lémec.

19 Et Lémec prit deux femmes; le nom de l'une était Hada, et le nom de l'autre, Tsilla.

20 Et Hada enfanta Jabal, qui fut père de ceux qui demeurent dans les tentes, et des pasteurs.

21 Et le nom de son frère fut Jubal, qui fut père de tous ceux qui touchent le violon et les orgues.

22 Et Tsilla aussi enfanta Tubal-Caïn, qui fut forgeur de toute sorte d'instruments d'airain et de fer; et la sœur de Tubal-Caïn fut Nahama.

23 Et Lémec dit à Hada et à Tsilla ses femmes : Femmes de Lémec, entendez ma voix, écoutez ma parole; je tuerai un homme, moi étant blessé, même un jeune homme, moi étant meurtri.

24 Car [si] Caïn est vengé sept fois davantage, Lémec le sera soixante-dix sept fois.

25 Et Adam connut encore sa femme, qui enfanta un fils, et il appela son nom Seth, car Dieu m'a, [dit-il], donné un autre fils au lieu d'Abel, que Caïn a tué.

26 Il naquit aussi un fils à Seth, et il l'appela Enos. Alors on commença d'appeler du nom de l'Eternel.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcanes Célestes 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, ...

Apocalypse Explained 817

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 103

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 405

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 279


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcanes Célestes 337, 346, 347, 348, 349, 485, 527, ...

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 466


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 427, 838

Spiritual Experiences 323, 4139

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Word/Phrase Explanations

eve
The name 'Eve' comes from the Hebrew word חַוָּה or 'Chava,' a form of the word for life, which is why she is called 'the...

femme
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

caïn
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

homme
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

frère
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

berger
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

des fruits
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

Troupeau
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

graisse
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

visage
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

péché
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

porte
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

champs
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

gardien
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

voix
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

sang
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

main
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Ouvert
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

bouche
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

Terre
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

vagabond
'To be a vagabond' is to have no knowledge of truth and good.

aujourd'hui
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

caché
'To hide themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:15, signifies being in evils and in falsities...

trouverait
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

Pays
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hénoc
'Hanoch' denotes those who are in the truth of faith.

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

nom
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

fils
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

engendra
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

deux
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Tsilla
Zillah (Gen. 4) signifies the mother of the natural things of that new church which succeeded the church represented by Lamech.

Jabal
'Jabal, the father of people who dwell in tents, and of cattle,' as in Genesis 4:20, signifies doctrine concerning the holy things of love, and...

père
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

tentes
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Jubal
'Jubal,' as in Genesis 4:21, signifies the doctrine of spiritual things in the new church which succeeded Lamech. Being 'the father of the harp and...

d'airain
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

fer
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

sœur
The Lord calls people who are in truth from the good of charity from Him 'sisters,' as in Matthew 12:50. 'Sister' denotes intellectual truth, when...

blessé
Stripe,' as in Exodus 21:25, signifies the extinction, or loss, of affection in the intellect or truth harmed or extinguished, as in Jeremiah 30:12.

vengé
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

Sept
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

adam
Adam is one of the most crucial and most controversial figures in the Bible, dividing even the faithful into camps: those who believe he literally...

seth
'Seth,' as in Genesis 4:25 , signifies a new faith which brings charity.

Dieu
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

d'abel
Abel signifies charity or love, in Genesis 4:2. (Divine Providence 242, Arcana Coelestia 325, and Arcana Coelestia 341). Abel signifies celestial love, which is loving...

tué
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Abel, Keeper of Sheep
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Cain and Abel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 My Brother's Keeper
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Questions Asked by God
Article | Ages over 15

 The Fifth Commandment: You Shall Not Murder
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord’s Great Mercy
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Two Brothers and Their Offerings
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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